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No. I 

fTES.— History of New Year's; The Scotts of Newport. R. I. ; Rich- 
ard and Robert Williams; Bliven, Barker, Swares; The Early His- 
tory of >he Manufacture of Cotton Cloth in New England; News- 
papers in New England in 1776; The Saco Valley Freshet, October, 
1785; A .Valuable Gift to the Connecticut Historical Society ; New 
Hampshire Tramp Law, 1719. 
UER1ES.— Historical;— The Mayor of New York confined in jail at 
Hartford, Conn.. 1776; The Regicides in New England; The first 
session of the First Congress; Rev. Mr. Cutlar's Yale College Ser- 
mon, 1719; The Town Charter of Incorporation, Boston, 1708 9; 
Ellzeus Burgess, Gov., of Massachusetts; Observation Rock aud 
Bewitts Brow, Providence, R. I. Genealogical. — Clarke, 
Hacker; Aldrich; Manchester; Pain; Marseilles; Hooker; Lanman; 
Thorpe; Mind; Stebbins; Briggs; Cossitt; Davis; Beinon; Cornell; 
Lillibridiie, Woodmansee; Gardner, Greene; Thompson; Ladd ; 
Sisson; ('hit; Gibbs; Mum ford ; Rogers, Richardson ; Paull; Kidder, 
Dodge; Chapman, Kaighn; Stiles. 

ANNOUNCEMENTS.— Cocks family; Crandall; Tenney; Billings; Chat- 
ham, Conn.; Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, N. H. ; 
Emery; Putnam; Lanman; Weld; Roe; Wescott; One Thousand 
Representative Men of Massachusetts; A National Cambrian Biblio- 
graphy; Hicks; Button; Treat; Diary of William Pynchon, of Sa- 
lem, Mass.; Gardner; Greene; Carr; Reynolds; The Descendants of 
Revolutionary Officers and Soldiers; Parker; History of Mont- 
ville, Ct. ; History of Trinity Church, Newport, R. L; Connecticut 
Colonial Records; Americans of Royal Descent. 

MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS.— The Witchcraft Mania; Roger 
Williams; Davis Family; The Magazine of American History; Old 
New York; The New England Magazine; Deacon Gershem Palmer; 
The Dedham Historical Register; The N. E. Historical and Genea- 
logical Register. 

BOOK NOTES.— The Life, Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Ma- 
nassah Cutler, LL.D. ; Winslow Memorial Family Records; Wash- 
ington and Mount Vernon; The Driver Family; Shipbuilding on 
North River, Plymouth Co., Mass. 

NEWPORT, r. i. : 




Tie Salem Press Poliiifiilili Co, 

Send for 

obtaining informatu 


Salem Press forms, useful 

to genealogists foi 

Thes i p Essex Co > Mass Records 

^^^ ^sPafons the best 

able private collections relating ^ that b Da °' ^f C »-.«nd the valu- 

uiac pait-ot Massachusetts. (See 

backpage of cover.) 

GEO. A. BALES, Manager, 

200 Derby Street, 

Salem, Moss. 

&¥ new (Sngl^bn^ieTanb^i^i^ 

Published Quarterly, 
RH.TILLEY, Editor, . 

*1 per Annum 

Newport, R. I. 

umns of the mat^J « ' ° 1Inatl0n to bd se »t to their addrew nV „ £?■ , ffl ? al « ln which 
new works on few ^ L ; „ £Su?. to ft 6 *'* and B<££855B a^SS^V?, the co1 " 

Spiw? on . c '"' , " »PP»cation. 
bend all orders and communications to 

R. H. TIL LEY, Newport, R. I. 

[Entered at Newport, R. i^SSS^^S^^~ 



VOL.1. JANUARY, 1890. No. 1. 


History of New Year's. — It is very appropriate that 
the 1st of January should be the first day of the first month 
of the year, as far as the Northern Hemisphere is concerned; 
since its beginning, being near the winter solstice, the year 
is thus made to present a complete series of the seasonal 
changes and operations, including equally the first move- 
ments of spring and the death of all annual vegetation in 
the frozen arms of winter. Yet the earliest calendars, as 
the Jewish, the Egyptian and Greek, did not place the com- 
mencement of the year at this point. It was not done till 
the formation of the Roman calendar, usually attributed to 
the second king, Numa Pompilius, who Q e reign is set down 
as terminating anno 672 B. C. Numa, it is said, having de- 
creed that the year should commence now, added two new 
months to the ten into which the year had previously been 
divided, calling the first Januarius in honor of Janus, the 
deity supposed to preside over doors (Lat. janua, a door), 
who might very naturally be presumed also to have some- 
thing to do with the opening of the year. 

Although, however, there was a general popular regard for 
the first of January as the beginning of the year, the ancient 
Jewish year, which opened with the 25th of March, contin- 


ued long to have a legal position in Christian countries. In 
England it was not till 1752 that the 1st of January became 
the initial day of the legal, as it had long been of the popu- 
lar year. Before that time it was customary to set down 
dates between the 1st of January and the 24th of March, 
inclusive, thus : January 30, 1618-9 ; meaning that popular- 
ly the year was 1649, but legally 1648. In Scotland this de- 
sirable change was made by a decree of James VI. in privy 
council in the year 1600. It was effected in France in 1564; 
in Holland, Protestant Germany and Russia in 1700, and in 
Sweden in 1753. 

According to Verstegan, in his curious book, "The Resti- 
tution of decayed Intelligence," our Saxon ancestors origi- 
nally called this month Wolfmonat — that is, Wolf-month — 
"because people weie wont always in that month to be more 
in danger to be devoured by wolves than in any season else 
of the year, for that, through the extremity of cold and snow, 
those ravenous creatures could not find beasts sufficient to 
feed upon." Subsequently the month was named by the 
same people Aefter-Yule — that is After-Christmas. It is 
rather odd that we should have abandoned the Saxon names 
of the months, while retaining those of the days of the 
week. — Bristol Phoenix. 

The Scotts of Newport, R. I. — It has been pretty gen- 
erally understood that the Scotts of Providence, North Provi- 
dence, Smithfield, &c, were descendants of Richard Scott, 
(contemporary with Roger Williams) through his only son 
John's son Sylvanus. The writer has heretofore ((Ten. Die-. 
R. I., p. 373) shown that Sylvanus's elder brother John set- 
tled in Newport, and that by his wife Elizabeth Wanton he 
had the following children : 1. Mary, 2. Elizabeth, 3. Cath- 
erine, 4. Edward, 1). 1703, June 13, 5. George, b. 1706, 
May 25, d. Joseph, b. 1709, March 14. 

It may be interesting to your readers to follow this group 
a generation or two farther. As to the daughters of John 
Scott (John 2 , Richard 1 ,) it is ascertained that Elizabeth 4 
married 1718, January 1, Thomas Rodman, of Thomas and 


Mary (Scammon) Rodman, (See Rodman Genealogy). It 
may not be so generally known that Catherine Scott 4 mar- 
ried Godfrey Malbone. Among the children of this marriage 
was Aleph Malbone, who married 1754, Nov. 12, Francis 
Brinley, great uncle of the late Francis Brinley of Newport. 
Deborah Malbone, a younger sister of Aleph, married Dr. 
William Hunter, father of the late William Hunter, the dis- 
tinguished U. S. Senator from Rhode Island. As to the sons 
of John Scott 3 (John 2 , Richard 1 ) the following notes are sub- 
mitted: Edward Scott 4 died in 1768, leaving no issue. He 
was associated with Rev. James Honyman, Daniel Up- 
dike, William Ellery, &c, in forming the literary society in 
1730, which developed later into the Redwood Library. 
George Scott 4 married 1732, Aug. 10, Mary Neargrass, daugh- 
ter of Edward Neargrass. He had the following children: 
1. Elizabeth, b. 1735, Oct. 16. 2. Rebecca, b. 1737, Aug. 
31, (who married James Brenton of Halifax, N. S.) 3. John, 
b. 1739, Sept. 27, d. 1773. George Scott died before 1714, 
and his widow married in that year Jahliel Brenton. Joseph 
Scott 4 married Ruth Gould, daughter of Daniel and Ruth 
(Sheffield) Gould. He and his wife both died before 1767. 
Their children were: 1. Ruth, b. 1730 (married Jonathan 
Thurston). 2. John, d. 1767 ; (mentions his brothers and 
•sisters in will). 3. George. 4. Joseph. 5. Susannah (mar- 
ried George Gibbs). 6. Elizabeth. 7. Sarah. 

Providence, R. 1. J. O. AUSTIN. 

Richard and Robert Williams — The Rev. William 
Leveridge, whom Morton mentions as among the ablest min- 
isters in the colony of Massachusetts, arrived at Salem from 
England, Oct. 10, 1633. Thumpson, in his history of Long 
Island, says that in 1638 he became the first pastor of the 
church of Sandwich, on Cape Cod, and devoted much of his 
time to instructing the Indians. In 1647 he was employed 
by the commissioners of the United Colonies as a missionary, 
and resided most of his time at Plymouth. In 1653 he visited 
Long Island in company with some of his former parishion- 
ers at Sandwich and purchased Huntington and Oyster Bay. 


Associated with him in this purchase were Richard and Rob- 
ert Williams, who, Thompson states, were Welshmen and 
brothers, the latter, Robert, being, to use his own language, 
wfc a near relative of the celebrated Roger Williams.'' Querie : 
Was Richard the one whom Baylies calls the "'Father of 
Taunton" ; and was Robert the one who signed the "com- 
pact" in Providence, R. I., in 1640, who was a schoolmaster 
at Newport in 1665 and in 1672, and whom Roger in his 
writings frequently calls "my brother?" 

Providence, R. L R. A. Guild. 

Bliven-Barker-S wares. — Edward 2 B liven (Edward 1 ) 
of Westerly, R. I., b. 1694, d. 1775, married May 12, 1719, 
in that town, Freelove S wares. This is recorded upon the 
town records. Certain circumstances have led me to con- 
jecture that the bride was identical with Freelove Barker, b. 
1698, dan. of Peter 4 Barker (James 3 , James 2 , James 1 ) of 
Westerly, and his first wife Freelove Bliss. The reasons for 
this conjecture are these: (1) The identity of name, which 
is an unusual one. (2) The bondsmen for the inventory at 
the death of Peter Barker in 1725 were Joseph Barker, his 
brother, and Edward Bliven. This is explained, if Edward 
was his son-in-law. (3) The Barkers and the Blivens were 
members of the same church, the Seventh Day Baptist 
Church of Westerly. (4) In the Bliven Burying Ground 
in Westerly were buried not only Edward Bliven, but John 
Barker and his wife and Peter Barker and his wife. If this 
conjecture be true, it would appear that Freelove Barker was 
twice married, and that her first husband bore the name 
S wares. Only once again does this name occur anywhere in 
New England, to my knowledge, and that also is in Wester- 
ly. Oct. 25, 1739, Abigail Swares married William Ross. I 
venture to conjecture that this Abigail was the daughter of 
the above-mentioned Freelove by her first marriage. 

It will give me much pleasure to correspond with any one 
interested in these families. 

New Bedford, Mass. Ray Greene Huling. 

new england notes and queries. 5 

The Early History of the Manufacture of Cotton 
Cloth in New England. — Providence, R. I., and its imme- 
diate and thriving neighbor, Pawtucket, will ever figure in 
the pages of history as the scenes of the creation of that gi- 
gantic industry — the manufacture of cotton cloth. It is true 
that for ages fabrics had been manufactured from cotton and 
wool by hand process in the homes of the people, in all civi- 
lized nations, and that the colonists of this country produced 
home-spun cloth by antiquated hand appliances. It is also 
true that before America had entered upon the modern sys- 
tem of cotton manufacture, England had been given by the 
inventive genius of some of her sons labor-saving mechanical 
power in the manufacture of cotton fabrics. But Great 
Britain exercised a jealous watchfulness over her industries, 
and statutes were passed prohibiting the exportation of "any 
machine, engine, tool, press, paper, utensil, or implement 
whatever," or models or plans of any appliance for the man- 
ufacture of cotton, wool, or silk under a penalty of forfeit- 
ure of such machine, etc., a fine of £ 200 and imprisonment 
for twelve months. This law was made operative so that 
foreigners, might not be enabled "to work up such manufac- 
tures, and greatly diminish the exportation from this king- 
dom." It is also true that while Great Britain had entered 
upon the new career in the cotton manufacture which was to 
raise her to such a height of wealth and power, plans and 
models of machinery had been smuggled from that countiy 
to this, and that efforts had been made at Bridgewater, Mass., 
while a mill had actually been built at Beverly, Mass., be- 
fore any of those efforts had been made at Providence and 
Pawtucket, which put the cotton manufacturing industry of 
America on a satisfactory basis. The legislature of Massa- 
chusetts, early recognizing the value of machinery in the 
manufacture of cotton or wool, offered every encouragement 
to inventors in this direction. A Scotchman, named Colonel 
Hugh Orr, settled at Bridgewater and engaged in the manu- 
facture of fire-arms, sent for two of his countrymen, Robert 
and Alexander Barr, to come to his works and construct 


machinery for carding, roving, and spinning cotton, and the 
Massachusetts legislature, in October, 1786, granted to the 
Barrs X200 to enable them to complete "those very curious 
and useful machines." These machines, however, were not 
used for manufacturing purposes, but rather for models to 
diffuse useful information, and they were publicly exhibited. 
Between 1787-9 the first cotton factory in the country was 
started at Beverly and received liberal encouragement from 
the Massachusetts legislature. Its machinery was driven by 
horse-power. Its spinning mechanism consisted of four jen- 
nies, which were little else than the union of a number of 
spindles in the same machine, operating in the same manner 
as the one-thread wheel by hand. They were, however, of 
but little use, still, they probably had some influence upon 
what subsequently occurred at Providence. 

In 1788 a spinning frame was built at Providence after a 
draft obtained at Bridgewater. It was purchased by Moses 
Brown, of Providence, who, with William Aliny, Obadiah, 
and Smith Brown, ''did a small business at Providence at 
manufacturing on lathes and jennies driven by men." The 
frame, however, was very imperfect and made very uneven 
yarn. The ambition of the proprietors was to secure the re- 
sults obtained by the roller or water frame spinning intro- 
duced into England. About this time an advertisement 
appeared in a Philadelphia paper offering a reward for a ma- 
chine to make cotton rollers (roller spinning), and this 
brought to this country from England a young man named 
Samuel Slater, who is commonly spoken of as the introducer 
of the cotton manufacture to America, and also as the founder 
of the manufacture of textile machinery in this country ; for 
up to the time of his coming here, with the exception of the 
rude saw-mill, grist-mill, and fulling-mill, some rolling and 
slitting-mills, foot-lathes, a few rough carding engines and 
spinning jennies, there were substantially no machines in the 
country, no steam engines, no engine lathes, no machine 
tools, no artificers' shops with power. Slater was the fifth 
son of a respectable freeholder in Derbyshire, England, and 


had been brought up in a cotton-spinning mill founded at 
Belper by Jebediah Strutt and Richard Arkwright. Strutt 
was the son of a farmer and maltster and was the inventor 
of a machine for making ribbed stockings, and Arkwright 
was the inventor of the spinning machine and the founder 
of the factory system in England. Young Slater proved an 
excellent machinist, and, though a youth and an apprentice, 
his abilities were recognized by his being made general over- 
seer of the mill. In November, 1789, Slater arrived in New 
York and spent a few weeks in a small establishment where 
cotton spinning was carried on by jennies. Learning of 
Moses Brown's efforts at constructing a spinning machine, he 
came on to Providence, and on seeing the old machines he 
condemned them as utterly useless. Finally a contract was 
made between Almy and Brown, the associates of William 
Brown, and Slater, for the latter "to direct and make a mill 
in his own way, which he did." The place selected by Moses 
Brown for the new enterprise was Pawtucket, then a hamlet 
with a dozen houses, the site for the new machinery being an 
old fulling-mill with water-power. Slater proceeded to con- 
struct machines after the English models. He had, however, 
neither plans nor drawings, and had to rely entirely upon his 
memory. He had to construct his own tools. He had not 
even a turning-lathe at Ids command. In order to turn his 
iron rolls he was compelled to construct a contrivance turned 
by a crank, an old Indian named Prime being employed for 
the purpose. In fourteen months the machinery was put 
into successful operation, and this was the first satisfactory 
attempt to manufacture cotton in this country with the ma- 
chines invented by Arkwright and Hargreaves. A partner- 
ship was formed between Slater, Almy and Brown, and they 
carried on their business at Pawtucket for many years, and 
they built mills on other available sites in the neighborhood. 
Though the manufacture of cotton was started at Pawtucket, 
Providence has been the principal recipient of the benefits 
from this industry, for it was the great centre for buying and 
selling and receiving and dispatching supplies for factories. 


To this circumstance, perhaps, more than any other. Provi- 
dence owes its progress. Through Slater and his partners, 
and the men they had given a knowledge of the business to, 
many factories were built on all the streams centering at 
Providence. — From Leading Manufacturer* and Merchants of 
Rhode Inland. International Publishing Co., New York, 

Newspapers in New England in 1776. — One hundred 
and live years after Sir William Berkeley of Virginia wrote, 
"Thank God we have neither free school nor printing press, 
and I hope may not for a hundred years to come," New Eng- 
land was circulating fourteen well conducted newspapers, as 
follows : 


Gazette, four pages, Thursdays, size 1(5x20. Subscrip- 
tion 8s. lawful money, wt one half at entrance." Established 
September, 1756. Daniel Fowle, printer. Office "near the 
Parade," Portsmouth. 


The Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly 
News Letter, four pages, 10x16, Thursdays. Established 
1763. Margaret Draper, printer, Boston. 

Evening Post, four pages, 9x14, established 1735, printed 
Mondays, by T. Fleet, at the "Heart and Crown," Cornhill, 

Gazette, two pages, 8x12, established 1719, issued Mon- 
days by Edes and Gill, Boston. 

Mass., Gazette and the Boston Post Boy and Ad- 
vertiser, four pages, 10x16. Established 1760. Published 
Mondays by Miles and Hicks, office "next door to the Crom- 
well's Head Tavern" in School street, Boston. 

The Mass., Spy, four pages, 8x10, published Thursdays, 
subscription price, 6s. 6d. Established 1770. Isaiah Thom- 
as, Editor. Published by Fowle and Thomas, Union Street, 
"near the market," Boston. 

Essex Gazette, four pages, 10x16, published Tuesdays, 
subscription 6s. 8d ; established 1768. Samuel Hall, editor 


and publisher. Printed at the office u above the Town- 
House," Salem. 

The Essex Journal and Merrimack Packet, or the 
Mass., and N. H., General Advertiser, four pages, 
10x16, published Wednesdays and Fridays. Subscription, 
6s. 8d. Printed by Thomas and Finges at "office opp. Rev. 
Mr. Porson's meeting house," Newburyport. 

Mercury, four pages, 10x14, published Wednesdays. 
Established 1758. Printed by Samuel Hall, at the office 
"under the Town School," Newport. 

Gazette and Country Journal, four pages, 10x16, es- 
tablished 1762. John Carter, printer. Office near the Court 
House, Providence. 


New Haven, Conn., Journal and New Haven Post 
Boy, four pages, 8x13, published Fridays, established 1767. 
Printed by F. & S. Greene, New Haven. 

Connecticut Gazette,- four pages, 8x10, issued Satur- 
days. Established 1755. Published by James Parke "at 
the Post Office, near the sign of the White Horse," New 

Connecticut Courant, four pages, 9x17, issued Mon- 
days. Established 1761. Published by Ezra Watson "at 
the Heart and Crown," near the North Meeting-House, Hart- 

The Saco Valley Freshet, October, 1785. — The most 
beautiful features of the scenery of North Conway, N. H., 
are the broad intervals of the Saco river. The river at this 
point is from 8 to 12 rods wide and from 2 to 7 feet deep. 
Its course is rapid, over a rough and stony bed. It has 
been known to rise thirty feet within twenty-four hours, 
flooding all the meadows and sweeping up against the flank- 
ing terraces. In 1785 the Saco overflowed the banks and did 
great damage. The freshet is described in Col. McMillan's 
petition to the Assembly for relief as follows: 


"To the Hon., the Senate and House of Representatives, SfC. : 

"Humbly showeth, Andrew McMillan, Esq., in behalf of 
the inhabitants of the town of Conway, in the county of 
Strafford in said State ; That said town is situated on Saco 
river, about twenty miles southeast from the White Hills ; 
That it is often flowed by sudden and heavy rains, which 
cause great damage ; That in the month of October, 1785, 
an unusual rain fell, which raised the river to a much greater 
height than was ever known before, the water overflowing 
the banks, deluged the surrounding country, greatly injured 
many farms, totally ruined others, drowned many of the cat- 
tle, carried off almost all the fences, damaged some build- 
ings, destroyed others, and swept away or ruined great part 
of the produce of the town, the inhabitant's sole dependence 
for support." The estimate of the losses sustained, accord- 
ing to Col. McMillan, was as follows : "About three hundred 
and twenty-seven acres of arable and mowing land, totally 
spoiled ; two barns carried away with all the hay and grain 
in them ; seven dwelling houses and four barns so much dam- 
aged as to oblige the owners to rebuild them again ; and as 
the most of the barns stood on the intervale, a great part of 
the hay was lost; ten oxen ; twelve cows ; eighty sheep; two 
horses ; and twenty swine drowned ; a large quantity of flax 
which was spread in the intervale ; a greater part of the corn 
then in the fields ; almost every rod of fence in the town : 
and every bridge, great and small, two of which cost the 
town about one hundred pounds ; also one ton and a half of 
potash consumed, besides many other losses." 

Col. McMillan, whose descendants are still to be found in 
Conway, was one of the original grantees. He moved from 
Concord, N. H., in 1774 ; he was a lieutenant in the French 
war, and for his services as such, in accordance with a 
proclamation of the King, Oct. 7, 1763, he received a grant 
of 2000 acres of land north of Conway, and now within the 
limits of Bartlett, said grant being dated Oct. 25, 1765. He 
was a prominent man there until his death, which occurred 
Nov. 6, 1800, at the age of 70. R. H. T 

A Valuable Gift to the Connecticut Historical 
Society. — Junius S. Morgan, the London banker, has made 
the Connecticut Historical Society the recipient of a literary 
work of great importance, entitled "Fac Similes of the Man- 


uscripts Relating to America, from 1763 to 1788, in the 
Archives of England, France, Holland and Spain." The se- 
ries consists of one hundred volumes, costing $2500. It will 
take ten years to complete this series. There are to be but 
two hundred copies of the work printed, the negatives being 
destroyed as soon as each volume is printed. The only other 
copy in Connecticut will be in the Yale University Library. 
This publication is to be a catalogue of the documents re- 
lating to the Revolutionary War now remaining in foreign 
archives, with exact photographic fac similes- Many of these 
manuscripts are in a decaying condition and are already 
almost illegible. The Cesnola catalogue of Cypriote antiqui- 
ties in the Metropolitan Museum has recently been given to 
the society by Mr. Morgan, who, it is said, has other gifts in 
mind. — Boston Transcript. 

New Hampshire Tramp Law, 1719. — A Colony Law 
passed 1719, provided for the erection and regulation of 
houses of correction for the Province, designed for the keep- 
ing, correcting and setting to work "of rogues, vagabonds, 
common beggars, and lewd and idle persons." Such persons, 
on conviction before a justice of the peace or the court of 
sessions, were to be sent to the house of correction and set 
to work under the master or overseer of that institution. 
Upon his admission, the unlucky culprit was to be put in 
shackles, or to be whipped, not to exceed ten stripes, unless 
the warrant for his commitment otherwise directed. (Colo- 
nial Laws of 1718-1719.) Such was the New Hampshire 
tramp law one hundred and seventy years ago. By an act 
of the General Court in 1766, this act for the maintenance of 
houses of correction was extended to towns, with the like 
powers and duties in respect to them, and coupled with the 
duty and authority to choose masters or overseers of them at 
the annual election. — Granite State Monthly. 




1. The Mayor of New York Confined in Jail at 
Hartford, Conn., 1776. — In the published proceedings of 
the Connecticut Council of Safety, August 1, 1776, I find 
the following: 

"Voted, That the Mayor of New York be brought down to 
Hartford, and there confined." I would like to learn more 
of this order. Why was the Mayor of New York confined 
in Hartford jail ? 

Hartford, Conn. Charter Oak. 

[The Mayor of New York, David Mathews, Esq., was or- 
dered to be sent to Hartford by the Provincial Convention of 
the Representatives of the State of New York, he having 
been accused, in that State, of treasonable practices against 
the "states of America," with the request that he might be 
safely kept and confined until he could be brought to trial 
for the crime committed, which at that time, from the pecu- 
liar circumstances of the State of New York, could not be 
done. Much relating to this subject can be found in the 
"American Archives," by Peter Force, Fifth Series, Vol. 1, 
pp. 1549-50-51. We shall refer to it again.] 

2. The Regicides in New England. — Where can I 
find a reliable account of GofTe, Dixwell and Whalley, the 
Regicides of King Charles I? I wish to obtain the best ac- 
count of their lives during their exile. 

Mount Salem, Ky. P. J. Taylor. 

[The most carefully written account of the Regicides that 
we have seen, is a paper read before the Lowell Institute, in 
Boston, February 5, 1869, by Chandler Robbins, D. D., and 
published by the society in its collection, "Massachusetts and 
its Early History," 1869.] 

3. The First Session of the First Congress. — In a 
newspaper article before me 1 read that "the appearance of a 
New England delegate made it possible for the House of 


Representatives of the U. S., at the first session of the first 
Congress, on April 1, [1789] to proceed to business." Who 
was the delegate and from what State did he come? 

St. Johns, iV. B. J. Peters. 

[It was a New Jersey delegate, James Schureman, whose 
arrival on the floor of the house, at the time mentioned, 
made it possible for the opening of the first session of Con- 

4. Rev. Mr. Outlar's Yale College Sermon, 1719. — 
Where can I find a copy of the sermon preached before Yale 
College, Oct. 18, 1719? It was printed by order of the Gen- 
eral Court of Conn. J. R. 

[The sermon referred to, by Mr. Cutlar, Avas delivered be- 
fore the General Assembly of Connecticut. We do not 
know where a copy can be found. Mr. Cutlar was at the 
time mentioned "Rector of Yale College."] 

5. The Town Charter of Incorporation, Boston, 
1708-9. — I am much interested in the history of my native 
place, Boston, Mass., and always read what the "older inhabi- 
tants" say about it in the public prints. Some time ago I 
saw ' a reference to the town charter of about 1708 or 9, the 
writer quoting these words : — "It is a whelp now* it will be a 
lion by-and-by, knock it in the head'" Can the editor of the 
Notes and Queries, or some of its readers, explain the quo- 
tation ? 

Cleveland, Ohio. A. R. M. 

[The citizens of Boston, about the time mentioned, ap- 
pointed a committee to draw up a charter of incorporation. 
They reported on the 14th of March, 1709. On the ques- 
tion being put to the people, it was voted not to accept the 
charter as proposed. We are unable, at present to give the 
origin of the quotation made use of by our correspondent. 
Perhaps some of our Boston friends can do so.] 

6. Elizeus Burgess, Gov. of Massachusetts. — I 
have a letter in my possession in which reference is made to 
"Elizeus Burgess, Gov. of Massachusetts, New England," but 


I cannot find his name on a list that I have. What became 
of him ? 

Warren, Oregon. T. Burgess. 

[Elizeus Burgess was proclaimed Gov. of Massachusetts 
in November, 1715, he having been appointed in March, 1714, 
but he never came over to perform his duties. He resigned 

7. Observation Rock and Bewitts Brow, Provi- 
dence, R. I. — Can any one inform me where was "Observa- 
tion Rock or Bewitts Brow," in the town of Providence, R. I.? 

Providence, E. I. J. E. Lester. 


8. Clarke, Hacker — Who were the parents of Rose 
Clarke ? She married Seth Spooner of Dartmouth, Mass., in 

1719. Tradition makes her a descendant of one of Governor 
Walter Clarke's brothers. She named a son Walter. Who 

were the parents of Joshua Hacker's wife Martha ? She 

was born about 1725 and died in Providence, R. I., 1797. 

Box 81, Providence, R. I. J. O. Austin. 

9. Aldrich. — George Aldrich, of Derbyshire, England, 
came to America in 1631, settled first in Dorchester, Mass., 
then in Braintree, and in 1663, before the seventh month, 
came to what is now Mendon, he, with five others, being its 
Mist pioneers. It is supposed that this George Aldrich was 
the progenitor of all that name now living in this country. 
Information concerning this matter is desired. In times past 
there lived in Bristol, R. I., many who spelled their name 
Oldridge. Were they a branch of the Aldrich race? 

Mendon, Mass. M. M. Aldrich. 

10. Manchester. — Edward Manchester married Feb. 1, 

1720, Anna Williston of Little Compton, R. I. Who* were 
his parents, and when was ho born? 

204 Superior St., Cleveland, Ohio. D. W. MANCHESTER. 

11. Pain.—I would like information of John Pain who 
married Susanna Stillwell, August 2, 1783, and of their de- 
scendants, in order to complete the record of a branch of the 


Pain family. Both families lived on Staten Island, and John 
Pain is supposed to have gone to Providence, R. I. 
310 Olive Street, St. Louis, Mo. Charles E. Peaece. 

12. Marseilles. — Who was the Charles Marseilles of 
New York, addressed by Jacob Dudie (Caspipina) in Revolu- 
tionary times? 

Exeter, N. H. Charles Marseilles. 

13. Hooker. — About one hundred years ago, Rowland 
and Martin Hooker, brothers, went from Connecticut to Tin- 
mouth, Vt. For genealogical purposes, information of them 
and their descendants is sought. 

289 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Edward Hooker. 

14. Lanman. — James Lanman (or Landman) married 
Joanna, daughter of Dr. Thomas Boylston, at Watertowm 
Mass., July 5, 1714. When did he emigrate to America, and 
in what year did he die ? 

Garden City, N. Y. Mrs. Morris P. Ferris. 

15. Thorpe. — David Thorpe, of Conn., born 1734, died 
1811, married Highly Bishop, who died 1807. They were 
from Mil ford or Bethany. I would like any information as 
to their ancestry. 

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Geo. B. Sanford, U. S. A. 

16. Mind. — Is there any known record of a family of 
this name (Mind) in New England before 1685, and if so, in 
what town ? 

Elizabeth, N. J. F. L. Pope. 

17. Stebbins, Bbiggs, Cossitt. — Iwish to obtain records 
of descendants (excepting Jonathan) of Samuel Stebbins, 
born Springfield, Mass., May 13, 1683, married Hannah 
Hitchcock. Also of Eliphalet Briggs, of Keene, N. H., born 
Taunton, Mass., 1734. Also parentage of Rene Cossitt, born 
France about 1690. Brought to Connecticut as prisoner of 
war by Capt. Matthews about 1711. I desire information 
concerning an ancient volume of poems by Jonathan Steb- 
bins, supposed to be in Longmeadow. 

Adrian, Mich. Frederick Briggs Stebbins. 


18. Davis. — I will pay what is right for genealogical in- 
formation concerning Nathaniel Davis, probably of Roxbury 
township, Morris Co., N. J., who in Somerset Co. court pro- 
ceedings is styled "Captain of the Rioters," who ejected Jo- 
seph Dolrimple in Co. of Morris, N. J., March, 1747. I es- 
pecially wish the name of his wife, and names, date of birth, 
&c, of his children. 

1209 Logan Ave., Denver, Col. Joseph Davis. 

19. Bernon. — I am desirous of obtaining information of 
the family of Gabriel Bernon and his first wife, Esther Le- 
Roy. She died at Newport, 14th June, 1710, and was buried 
in the common cemetery there, in the 56th year of her age. 
They had, Gabriel (died a bachelor), Marie (m. Abraham 
Tourtellot), Esther (m. May 30, 1713, Adam Powell), Sara 
(m. Nov. 11, 1722, Benj. Whipple), Jeanne fin. Oct. 11, 
1722, was the second wife of Wm. Coddington). Who were 
Esther Le Roy's parents and from what part of France did 
she come, and at what date did she immigrate ? 

29 Rue Clement Marot, Paris, France. J. Rutgers LeRoy. 

20. Cornell. — 1. Information solicited respecting the 
descent of John Cornell, of Rockaway, Long Island, N. Y., 
who it is supposed married Abigail Whitehead, and was the 
father of Whitehead Cornell, and grandfather of John of 
Brooklyn, L. I. Was he the son of William or Thomas, sons 
of Richard, son of Thomas of Cornell's Neck? Bolton says 
Thomas, probably incorrectly. 2. Some account of descent 
of Gulliam Cornalis, afterwards called Cornell. 3. Can in- 
formation be obtained of the descent of Joshua, son of 
Thomas, of Cornell's Neck? 4. Also of his brother William ? 
5. Also of Jacob, son of Richard, son of 1st Thomas? 6. In- 
formation relative to the Duyckinck family solicited. 

Nice, France. Rev. John Cornell. 

21. Lillibridge, Woodmansee. — Thomas 2 Lillibridge, 
(Thomas 1 ) born 1703, died 1757, married, June 12, 1726, in 
Westerly, \\. I., Mary Woodmansee, avIio were the parent? of 
i he bride? 

New Bedford, Mass. Ray Greene Htjling. 


22. Gardner, Greene.— My mother's paternal grand- 
father, John 4 Gardner, 1745-1815, owned land and slaves at 
or near Newport, R. L, prior to the Revolution, also ships in 
the West India trade, and was one of the citizens arrested by 
the British as sureties against a popular uprising while they 
remained at Newport. He died in western New York. Can 
anyone confirm or dispute the tradition that his father John 3 
was son of William 2 and grandson of George 1 and Hored 
(Long) Gardner or Gardiner of Newport, R. I.? Had Wil- 
liam 2 children not mentioned in his will ? Who were the 
ancestors of Jonathan Berry, of Rensselaer Co., N. Y., born 
1790, who married Bathsheba, daughter of Langford and 
Abigail (Thomas) Green? 

Box 195 Concord, Mich. A. M. Shotwell. 

•23. Thompson. — Enos Thompson, son of Samuel and 
Rebecca Thompson, born August 18, 1717, at Westville, 
Conn., married, and moved with his daughter Abiah to 
Amenia, N, Y. Who was his wife, and whence her family 
and descent? See Cothrens Woodbuiy, p. 729. 

Salem, N. Y. James Gibson. 

24. Ladd. — I desire information of the families (mar- 
riages and births) of Daniel, born May 25, 1688 ; William, 
born May 10, 1689 ; Joseph, born Oct. 16, 1693 ; Mary, born 
Dec. 29, 1696 ; Benjamin, born Jan. 29, lu98 ; Jonathan, 
born 1701; Caleb, born Jan. 2, 1704; and of Rebecca, born 
Sept. 15, 1706, all children of Joseph and Rachel Ladd of 
Little Compton, R. I. Can any one of your readers inform 
me who Samuel Ladd, son of William and Elizabeth (Tomp- 
kins) married ? 

677 County St., Neiv Bedford Mass. Warren Ladd. 

25. Sisson. — I desire information regarding the ancestors 
of Joseph Sisson (died in 1836 or 37) and whom he married. 
He had sons Peleg and Benjamin. Pelegleft Newport, R. L, 
in 1812, being 18 years old. There are many of the name, 
(Joseph Sisson) in the Rhode Island records, but I have no 
means of identifying any of them with the above mentioned. 

18 Lawrence Hall, Cambridge, Mass. Wilson Waters* 


26. — Carr. — I desire information regarding the descend- 
ants of James and Francis Carr, sons of Gov. Caleb Carr of 
Rhode Island. I am engaged in compiling a history of the 
Carr family, and will be pleased to correspond with any per- 
sons interested. I desire to purchase Nos. 1 and 2 of the 
Newport Historical Magazine (July and Oct. 1880) or a 
bound volume of Vol. 1. 

Rockton, III. E. L Carr. 

27. Gibbs. — Information is wanted as to the ancestry of 
George Gibbs, of Newport, R. I., born Air.»\ 15, 1695, died 
Aug. 6, 1755, and also of his wife, Ruth Hart, who died June 
4, 1784, aged 75. Was she a descendant of Roger Williams? 

Newport, R. I. Wolcott Gebbs. 

28. Mumeord. — -Information wanted relative to the an- 
cestors of Stephen Mumford (born 1639, died 1707), who 
came from London, England, 1664, and settled in Newport, 
R.I. He was one of the founders of the Seventh Day Bap- 
tist Church, in 1671, at Newport. His wife, Ann : — ■, 

was born 1685, and died 1698. I also desire information rel- 
ative to the ancestors of Benjamin Mumford, of Newport, 
R. I., who died 1773. His wife was Ann, daughter of John 
and Peace (Perry) Mumford, born 1701, and granddaughter 
of the Stephen Mumford first named. I can find no relation- 
ship between Benjamin and Stephen. I shall be glad to cor- 
respond with any person having Mumford records. 

313 Chestnut St., Phil, Penn. J. P. Mumford. 

29. Rogers. — What was the maiden name of Patience, 
wife of Jeremiah Rogers of Newport, R. I. She died Sept. 
28, 1802, aged 86 years. He died about 1764-5. Their chil- 
dren, bom Middletown, R. L, were Thomas, b. May 29, 1739, 
Mary, b. March 15, 1740, Elizabeth, b Aug. 17, 1743, Sarah. 
b. Nov. 23, 1745, Ruth, b. July 22, 1747, James, b. Nov. 9, 
1749, Patience, b. 1752, and prob. Jeremiah, who married 
Fannie Hoxie in 1783. They were in Tiverton, R, I., 1750, 
i turned to Newport a few years later. Who was Jeremiah 


Rogers, Sr.? Any information of this family will be gladly 

received by 

Newport, R. I. R. h. Tilley. 

30. Richaiidson. — Information is wanted as to the fami- 
ly connections of William Richardson, "mariner," who mar- 
ried Amy Borden, in Rhode Island, March 27, 1678. He 
was the father of Thomas Richardson, Treasurer of the Col- 
ony in 1757. Can the connection be traced between the 
above named William R. and Francis Richardson, who was 
at one time a merchant in Boston, and who moved to New 
York from that city. His will was proved in Boston, Feb. 
17, 1688. 

4717 G-ermantown Ave., Phil., Pa. Benj. R. Smith. 

31. Paul. — Information solicited concerning: 1. Birth- 
place and parentage of William Paul who left Gravesend, 
Eng., June 10, 1635, aged 20, in the ship True love de Lon- 
don, for Bermudas. He settled at Taunton, Mass., 1637. 
2. Descendants of Zebulon Paul, born Dighton, Mass., 1754, 
son of William Paul and Hannah Phillips. He was admin- 
istrator at Dighton in 1795 for his brother, Seth Paul, who 
left lands in Lower Canada. 3. Descendants of Benjamin 
Paul, born Berkeley, Mass., 1789, removed to Georgia, had 
children Omar H. Paul and Alathea Paul, at Augusta, 1852. 
Information solicited concerning descent of every family 
named Paul or Paull. 

Milwaukee, Wis. Edward J. Paul. 

32. Kidder, Dodge. — I am preparing a Genealogy of all 
the Kidclersin America and hope to have it ready for the press 
this year. All members of the family and others having an}' 
information are earnestly requested to correspond with me. 
Can anyone tell me of what family was Joanna Dodge, of 
Salem, second wife of Samuel Kidder, (m. about 1768), who 
died Oct. 19, 1819, aged 79 years ? Also of what family was 
Mary Kidder, m. Jan. 1, 1767, Caleb Brooks. (See page 
529, Brooks' history of Medford.) 

47 Court St., Boston, Mass. Miss S. B. Kidder. 


33. Chapman, Kaighn. — Brenton Chapman, son of Pe- 
leg and Mary, of Newport, R. I., married Rebecca Kaighn 
about 1780, and had Elizabeth, Peleg and Rebecca. Rebecca, 
widow of Brenton Chapman, died Newport, R. I., Jan. 16, 
1813, aged 52. Any information relative to Brenton Chap- 
man or of the parents of his widow solicited. 

Newport, R. I. R. H. Tilley. 

31. Stiles. — Samuel Stiles, born at Boxford, Mass., in 
1682, may have married (as second wife) Abigail Pendleton, 
either in Windham Co.. Conn., or in Rehoboth, R. I., some 
time between 1714 and 1743. A record of this marriage is 
wanted, or of any marriage of a woman named Pendleton to 
a man named Stiles, that may be found in any of the towns 
formerly included in Rehoboth, R. I., or in any town belong- 
ing to Windham Co., Conn. I also desire to know the date 

and place of birth of John Stiles, son of Stiles and 

Abigail Pendleton. Also, date and place of marriage of the 
said John Stiles and Lucy Johnson (their eldest son, Reuben, 
was born 1761). Also, date and place of marriage, and record 
of child, of Moses Stiles and Phebe, his wife ; undoubtedly 
the same Moses Stiles who was living 1 at Windham, Conn., 
in 1730-32, and received deed of land at Ashford, Conn., in 

52 Johnson St., Lynn, Mass. Mrs. Mary S. P. Guild. 



Cocks Family. — The subscriber contemplates compiling 
a genealogy of the family of Coek, Cock or Cox, as descend- 
ed from James Cock of Setauket, 1659, Oyster Bay, 1661, 
and would desire correspondence, particularly as to his his- 
tory previous to 1659. 

Glen Cove, Queens Co. N. Y. Geo. W. Cocks. 

Crandall. — A genealogy of the Crandall family (both 
male and female branches) is being prepared. Correspond- 
ence solicited. 

West Bethel, Me. E. G. Davis. 


Tenney.— Miss M. J. Tenney, Haverhill, Mass., is com- 
piling for publication, a genealogy of the descendants of 
Thomas Tenney, of Rowley, Mass., 1638. 

Billings. — I am compiling a genealogy of the Billings 
family. Information and correspondence solicited. 

Billing abridge, Ontario, Canada. Charles Billings. 

Chatham, Conn. — Information -desired respecting the 

early settlers of Chatham, Conn. Correspondence solicited 
and information given. 

92 Dewitt St., New Haven, Conn. Martin L. Roberts. 

Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, 
N. H. — Mr. Frederick Chase, Hanover, N. H., is about to 
publish a history of Dartmouth College and of the Town of 
Hanover, N. H. "The first volume, covering the period prior 
to 1815, will be first issued. It will contain upwards of 600 
pages, besides an adequate index, and may be expected dur- 
ing the winter. The price of each volume will be $3.50. 
Send subscriptions to Mr. Chase. 

Emery.— I am compiling a genealogy of the descendants 
of John and Anthony Emery of Romsey, who came to Ameri- 
ca in the ship James, and landed in Boston, June 3, 1635. 
Shall be glad of any information relating to their descendants. 

2^ Grand St., Newburgh, N. Y. Rufus Emery. 

Putnam. — Mr. Eben Putnam, box 2713, Boston, Mass., 
has compiled a history of the Putnam family which is soon 
to be published by the Salem Press Publishing Co., of Salem, 
provided sufficient subscriptions are received. The price has 
been fixed at $6. Mr. Putnam desires information concern- 
ing the descendants of John Putnam of Danvers, 1634, and 
of all others of the name. Genealogical blanks sent on ap- 

Lanman. — I am compiling a genealogy of the Lanman 
family, and will be grateful for any data relating to Lanman 
or Landman. 
Lock-box 20, Gaiden City, A. Y. Mrs. Morris P. Ferris. 


Weld. — I am engaged in the compilation of a History and 
Genealogy of the Weld family, and shall be glad to commu- 
nicate with any person who has information for, or interest 
in such work. 

160 Broadway, New York, JSf. Y. J. Edward Weld. 

Roe. — Since 1883 I have labored upon a history of the 
Roe family in America with reference to publication. Inci- 
dentally my quest includes the names of Seelye, Wade, Al- 
verson and Brewster. Any information pertaining to these 
names will be gratefully received. 

Worcester, Mass. Alfred S. Roe. 

Wesoott. — The Wescott Genealogy, by Judge Bullock 
of Bristol, R. I., will be published the coming spring. But a 
limited edition will be privately printed for gratuitous dis- 
tribution to descendants and friends. 

One Thousand Representative Men of Massachu- 
setts. — Mr. John C. Rand, of Boston, has completed the 
text of a work on which he has been engaged for some time, 
a volume, unique in its way, and in the nature of things, 
full of matter never before published, and yet one which will 
prove a most valuable contribution to accurate genealogical 
data regarding the lives of a thousand of the leading citizens 
of Massachusetts. As the first edition is alreadj^ provided, 
for by subscription, it is proposed to publish a second, to be 
devoted to the use of Libraries and Educational Institutions. 
The price of the second edition will be 85.00, just one half 
the price charged the original subscribers, Avhose sketches ap- 

A National Cambrian Bibliography. — Mr. Henry 
Blackwell, Woodside, Long Island, N. Y., has for many years 
been busily engaged in compiling a Bibliography of Wales. 
As historians and genealogists of New England are interested 
in the Welsh, this work will be of value. In order that this 
Bibliography may be as complete as possible, it is necessary 
that the compiler receive the co-operation of all those who 
are interested in the literature of Wales. Mr. Blackwell 
will be pleased to correspond with all interested. 


Hicks Family.— Mr. Benjamin Hicks, Old Westbury, 

N. Y., is compiling a genealogy of the Hicks family. He 
will be glad to receive information and to correspond with all 
who may wish to exchange family items. 

Dutton.— W. Tracy Enstis, 19 Pearl St., Boston, Mass.. 
is engaged in writing a history of the Dutton family. 

Treat.— John Harvey Treat, of Lawrence, Mass.. is pic- 
paring a Genealogy of the descendants of Richard, Robert, 
James and Matthias Treat, who were born in England, prob- 
ably in London, and came to New England about 1636. He 
has already some 1500 families, and intends to go to press 
with his work soon. All members of the family, and others, 
ha vino- information, are earnestly requested to correspond 
with him. 

Diary of William Pynchon, of Salem, Mass. — Dr. J. 
Oliver, of Boston, well known as a careful and intelligent 
.student of American history, has edited the diary of Wil- 
liam Pynchon of Salem, and his book will be published at an 
early day. This diary was written during the middle and 
latter years of the eighteenth century, and gives an accurate 
picture of Salem's social and political life in that interesting 
period. It will be issued by the Riverside Press. 

Gardner, Greene, Care, &c. — In harmony with others 
who may be at work upon portions of the same, I hope to 
complete genealogies of the Gardiner, Gardner, Watson and 
Langford families of Rhode Island, and descendants of the 
Quaker branches of the posterity of John Greene of War- 
wick, R. I. Also the descendants of Samuel Moore (called 
Moores by Savage) of Newbury, Mass., and Woodbridge, N. 
J. Also descendants of Margaret, daughter of Robert Carr, 
1614-81, of Newport, R. I., and wife of Richard Hartshorne. 
of MonmouthCo., N. J. Also the descendants of Abraham 
Shotwell of Elizabethtown, N. J., 1665, whose son John is 
said -to have married, in 1679, Elizabeth Burton (who were 
her parents?). Any data or references relating to either oi 
these families will be appreciated. 

Box 195, Concord, Mich. A. M. Shotwell. 


Reynolds— Mr. J. P. Reynolds, of Bristol, R. L, is com- 
piling a genealogy of the Reynolds family. He will be glad 
to correspond with any descendant of Nathaniel Reynolds of 
Bristol, R. I. 

The Descendants of Revolutionary Officers and 
Soldiers. — Mr. W. H. Brearley, proprietor of the Detroit 
Journal Co., desires to receive, by postal, the address of all 
living male and female descendants of Revolutionary offi- 
cers and soldiers of 1776, and, when possible, the name and 
State of the ancestor. Send communications to 

Detroit, Mich. The Detroit Journal Co. 

Parker. — A limited genealogy of the Parker family is 
being prepared by Theo. Parker, of Worcester, Mass. His 
work will embrace such of the name as are descended from 
the Parker family of Lexington, Mass., and a general view of 
other Parker families of New England. Any communica- 
tions, especially anything regarding the Lexington family or 
descendants, will be cheerfully received by addressing 

106 Piedmont St., Worcester, Mass. Theo. Parker. 

History of Montvill^, Conn. — I am engaged in com- 
piling the history of Montville, Conn., which will include 
the genealogy of many of its first settlers. 

Oakdale, Conn. H. A. Barker. 

History of Trinity Church, Newport, R. I. — Trinity 
Church, Newport, R. I., founded by Sir Francis Nicholson, 
and a few resident adherents to the Church of England on 
the island of Rhode Island, in 1698, was sustained in its in- 
fancy by the Society for the Promotion of the Gospel in For- 
eign parts, and encouraged by Queen Anne, to whom touch- 
ing acknowledgements were made by the rector and church 
wardens. The history of this church should be preserved in 
a lasting form. To this end Mr. George C. Mason, a local 
historian, has labored long in collecting material, to which he 
lias added copious notes — brief sketches of men who wor- 
shiped in this sacred edifice, built in 1725 — men of learning, 
Governors of the Colony, Kings, Attorneys, Collectors of 


the Customs under the Stamp Act, officers who fought at 
Crown Point, Louisburg and Canada, and naval heroes. The 
sum of twelve hundred dollars is needed to publish the work. 
The receipt of any sum, which those interested may \>e 
pleased to contribute, will be promptly acknowledged by 


Newport, R. I. V. Mott Francis, j 


Connecticut Colonial Records.— The fifteenth volume 
of these Records, edited by Charles J. Hoadly, A. M., is in 
press, and will probably be ready by April 1st. This volume 
covers the period from May, 1775, to October, 1776. 

Americans of Royal Descent. — Charles H. Browning, 
Esq., of Arclmore, Penn., is revising his collection of genealo- 
gies, entitled " Americans of Royal Descent," and would 
like corrections and additions to his book sent him as soon as 


machines anh Hett>spapers. 

The Witchcraft Mania. — The Essex Co. Mercury, Sa- 
lenvMass., of December 18, 1889, has an interesting letter 
from J. Prince, of Washington, D. C, giving much valuable 
information relating to the witchcraft delusion and other his- 
torical facts of the neighborhood of Salem, Mass. The let- 
ter also contains genealogical data relating to the Proctor 

Roger Williams. — Mr. Wm. Henry, of Llanelly, Wales, 
contributes an interesting article to the Carmarthenshire 
Notes, for Oct. 1889, published at Llanelly, Wales, on the 
birthplace of Roger Williams. This controversy has brought 
out many opinions in the Welsh newspapers, more particular- 
ly in the South Walts Daily News. The July, 1889, number 
of the New England Historical and Genealogical Register 
contains an article by Mr. Waters, giving the result of his 
researches in England. The facts presented leave little doubt 
that Roger Williams, the founder of Providence, R. I., was a 


son of James and Alice Williams of London. We expect to 
find, in the future numbers of the Register, much that will 
help to clear up the mystery of Roger Williams' birth. 

Davis Family.— The Davis centennial celebration was 
held Sept. 4, 1889, at Warner, N. H. The Granite Monthly, 
published at Concord, N. H., for November-December, has 
a good account of the meeting. The Historical address, by 
A. P. Davis, Esq., which is published in full, is a well writ- 
ten paper, full of historical and genealogical data. Nearly 
three hundred people were present from different parts of 
New England. 

The Magazlne op American History opens the new 
year and its twenty-third volume with a bright and readable 
January number. An admirable portrait of William Cullen 
Bryant forms the frontispiece, and a paper by the editor 
treats of his place in American history. "A Rare Picture of 
Early New York," painted on tlie. panel of an old Dutch war 
vessel, a view never before published, is a contribution both 
in text and illustration from Dr. Thomas Addis Emmett. 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin and Mrs. Stowe," an extract from the 
new work of Mrs. MeCray, is entertaining, and this is also 
illustrated ; there is from Hon. J. O. Dykman a sketch of 
"St. Anthony's face" on the Hudson, with a quaint picture 
of that wonderful piece of natural sculpture. Of special 
interest for every thoughtful reader is the ably-written study 
by Hon. Gerry W. Hazelton, of Milwaukee, entitled "Federal 
and Anti-Federal" ; next following, Hon. James W. Gerard 
shows with dramatic force, in the longest paper of the num- 
ber, "The Impress of Nationalities upon the City of New 
York." Price, $5.00 a year. Published at 743 Broadway, 
New York City. 

Old New York.-- -In August last, Mr. W. W. Pasko, 19 
Park Place, commenced the publication of a monthly journal 
relating to the History and antiquities of New York City. 
Each number contains sixty-four pages of reading matter, 
1 1 uis making two large volumes yearly. This work is in- 


tended to cover the entire range of events from the discovery 
of the Hudson river and the bay down to a period within the 
recollection of middle-aged persons. The January number 
contains notes on printing; an article on the DePeyster 
family; Induction of the Rev. William Vesey ; Gleanings 
from the Surrogate's office; The Olden Times; A Boy's 
Reminiscences, and many interesting minor paragraphs. The 
subscription price is 15.00 per annum. 

The New England Magazine. — The New England 
Magazine for January is a good number. It contains among 
other good things, an illustrated article on the "New England 
Meeting-house and the Wren Church" ; "Candlelight in 
Colonial Times"; "Boston Musical Composers"; "Did the 
Father's Vote," and the first installment of "Stories of the 
Fugitive Slaves." This magazine is an illustrated monthly, 
intended to popularize general American history and promote 
historical study. No. 1 of the new series began with the 
September number. The present volume contains articles on 
Plymouth, Milford, Sudbury and Gilford, and will be fol- 
lowed by articles on many of our old New England towns. 
Under the editorial control of Rev. Edward E. Hale, D. D., 
and. Mr. Edwin D. Mead, it will certainly keep its place 
among the foremost of our historical magazines. 13.00 per 
annum. 36 Bromfield St., Boston. 

Deacon Gershem Palmer. — The Narragansett Weekly, 
Westerly, R. I., of January 30, 1890, has an article on the 
family of Deacon Gershem Palmer (1645-1719) by Judge 
Richard A. Wheeler, of Stonington, Conn. 

The Dedham Historical Register. — The Dedham, 
Mass., Historical Society has issued the first number of a 
Quarterly which is intended to "present the phases of social 
life within the original township of Dedham since its settle- 
ment, and the relation of the town to the history of these 
times." It is an interesting number, and contains a brief 
sketch of the society ; Diary of Dr. Nathaniel Ames, begin- 
ning in 1758 ; Incidents in the history of West Dedham ; 


The Fisher Family ; The Penal Institutions of West Dedham ; 
Gleanings from Newspaper Literature ; Dedham in the Re- 
bellion ; Bibliography of Dedham ; and many interesting 
Notes and Queries. The subscription price is $1 per annum. 
The New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for January comes to us too late to give a review 
of its contents. Among the important articles may be men- 
tioned the excellent sketch of Increase Niles Tarbox, D. D., 
S. T. D ., by Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D. D. ; -The Butter- 
fields of Middlesex'" ; u Axtells of America" ; "Thomas 
Cooper of Boston and his Descendants" ; "Soldiers in King 
Philip's War" ; and Mr. H. F. Waters' contribution, "Glean- 
ings in England." This number is the first of Vol. XLIV. 
Boston, 18 Somerset St. 

Boof notes. 

[Publishers and authors wishing notices in this department 

should send copies of their publications to R. H Tilley, 

Newport, R. I.] 
The Liee Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Ma- 

nasseh Cutler, LL.D. — By his grandchildren, W. P. 

Cutler and Julia P. Cutler. 2 vols. 8 vo. Robert Clarke 

& Co. Cincinnati. $5. 

Rev. Dr. Cutler was prominent in Massachusetts as a cler- 
gyman, scientist, and politician for fifty years prior to 1820. 
This work has been carefully prepared by his grandchildren, 
Hon. Wm. P. Cutler and Miss Julia P. Cutler, of Marietta, 
Ohio, from hitherto unpublished family papers in their hands. 

The earlier chapters covering the period to 1788 contain a 
vivid picture of life in New England, in colonial times, and 
during the Revolutionary War, in which Dr. Cutler served 
two campaigns as chaplain. 

The account of a visit to the White Mountains with Rev. 
Jeremy Belknap and others in 1784, and of a second visit in 
1 804 ; the correspondence with Mr. Belknap, largely con- 


ceniing the early days of the American Academy of Arts 
and Science ; the botanical correspondence with Professor 
Peck, Dr. Muhlenburgh, Samuel Vaughn, and others in 
America, Dr. Jonathan Stokes, of England, and Drs. 
Schwartz and Paykull, of Sweden, will be of special interest 
to all scientists. 

Winslow Memorial Family Records. Winslows and 
their Descendants in America. — By Dctvid Parsons 
Holton, A. M., M. D., and his wife, Mrs. Frances K. Hol- 
ton. Vol. II. New York ; pp. 840. Illustrated. 
The second volume of this valuable work is ready for de- 
livery. All who wish to possess a copy should apply at once, 
to Mrs. Frances K. Holton, 23 Day Ave., Westfield, Mass. 

Washington and Mount Vernon. — The Long Island His- 
torical Society, Brooklyn, N Y., has published four valua- 
ble volumes of collections. 

The fourth, which has just been issued, is made up of Mon- 
cure D. Conway's collection of hitherto unpublished Wash- 
ington letters, edited with an historical and genealogical in- 
troduction. It is entitled "George Washington and Mt. 
Vernon," and the letters — 127 in number — are nearly all ad- 
dressed to the managers of the Mt. Vernon estate, in the 
absence of the owner during his presidential term. The col- 
lection was purchased from the family of that manager, Wil- 
liam Pearce, by Hon. Edward Everett, whose intention it 
was to edit and publish them. At his death they were pur- 
chased from his heirs by Mr. James Carson Brevoort, of 
Brooklyn, who presented them to the Long Island Historical 
Society. Although the letters all deal with the common af- 
fairs of life, they are of remarkable interest. 

The Driver Family: A Genealogical Memoir of the De- 
scendants of Robert and Phebe Driver, of Lynn, Mass. 
With an appendix containing Twenty-three Allied Fami- 
lies. 1592-1887. Compiled by a Descendant, Harriet 
Ruth (Waters) Cooke, of New York City. 8vo pp. 531. 


Cambridge, Mass., John Wilson & Son, University Press, 


This elaborate and beautifully printed volume is, as the 
author tells us, the result of three years careful inquiry into 
all known sources of information relating to the Driver fami- 
ly. In this undertaking, as well as in tracing the history of 
the allied families, Mrs. Cooke had the valuable aid of Mr. 
Perley Derby, the well-known genealogist of Salem, Mass. 
One needs only to glance through the book to see that it is 
considerably more than a mere collection of names and dates, 
and that it is full of matter of interest to the general reader. 
Wills, deeds, letters, newspaper extracts and other valuable 
data, are profusely distributed through the volume, and great- 
ly enliven the dryer details of family history. The Appen- 
dix occupies considerably more than half the book, and is 
devoted to an account of twenty-three allied families ; of 
these, the histories of fifteen are now published for the first 
time. They include the names of Archer, Babbidge, Beck- 
ford, Cash, Crowilinshield, Daland, Flint, Ives, Luscomb, 
Metcalf, Moses, Palmer. Patterson, Saunders, and Wellman. 
While the author has evidently taken great care to secure 
general accuracy, she will doubtless receive many valuable 
additions and corrections from interested readers. — New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Record. 
Shipbuilding on North River, Plymouth County, 

Mass., with Genealogies. 1640-1872. By L Vernon 

Briggs. Boston. 1889. 

An interesting and valuable addition to the local literature 
of New England has been presented by Mr. L. Vernon 
Briggs, of Hanover, Mass. The volume is dedicated to Dr. 
Henry I. Bowditch. Mr. Briggs has spent but eighteen 
months on this book, having taken up only his spare time in 
the work. It contains, besides a history of shipbuilding and 
biographical sketches of ship-builders, a large amount of gene- 
alogical information. It is illustrated with portraits, views 
of the various shipyards, and of various interesting locali- 
ties, maps, &c. 

English Records. 

MR. J. HENRY LEA, of Fairhaven, Mass., now engaged in Genea- 
logical Investigations in England, would be pleased to undertake 
searches for 


in the Probate Courts, Public Record Office, Parish Registers, &c, on' 
Very Moderate Terms. Address 


London, E. C, England. 

Suffolk and Middlesex Co. Mass. Records. 

THE UNDERSIGNED being well acquainted with the records of Suf- 
folk and Middlesex Co., Mass., offers to make researches for family 
History and Genealogy on low terms. 


418 Broadway, Boston, Mass. 

"Historical Sketches^Lawrence Family" 


WITH Seven Heliotypes of Old Portraits and Buildings. Neatly 
bound, and printed on extra thick antique paper. 8 vo. 215 pages. 
Printed by Rand Avery Company, Boston. 18SS. 

Copies of this book are for sale and will be sent post-paid on receipt of 

the price, $2.00, by 


Old Comer Book Store, 283 Washington St., Boston, [Mass. 

^zT* See N. E. Hist. Gen. Register for Oct. 1888, for a description of this work. 

The Chad Brown Memorial, 



descendants of 


of Providence, R. I., with an appendix containing sketches of other 
early Rhode Island settlers, 163S-1888, with 23 illustrations, comprising 
those of Moses Brown, Nicholas Brown, Gould Brown, Col. Nathaniel 
W. Brown, Thomas P. Ives, David Howell, Robert H. Ives, John W. 
Bulkley, and others. Thoroughly indexed. 8 vo. pp. 173, cloth. By 
mail, $5.13. Limited edition of 300 copies. (See Mag. of American His- 
tory, March, 1889). Sent to any address by 

167 South Elliott Place • Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Antiquarian Bookseller, 


Offers his services on moderate terms in procuring scarce and out-of- 
print books, copying ancient documents and records, and searching for 
particular information pertaining to the History, Biography and Gene- 
alogy of Conecticut. 

Frank Farnsworth Starr, 


v5Ter)e0;l©(Efisf crrjd h^irjiiy 


Member of N. E. Historic Genealogical Society, Connecticut Historical 
Society, Wisconsin Historical Society, etc. 

Connecticut Genealogy a Specialty. 



with Wills, Fac-Similes, Signatures, etc., etc. Intermarriages are with 
the families of Man, Fisher, Metcalf, Wright, and other early settlers of 
Dedham and vicinity. Price, $1.25. 



Milton, Mass. 

Rhode Island Historical and Genealogical Research. 

The undersigned having devoted the past ten years to the study of the 
History of Rhode Island, particularly Newport County (Portsmouth, 
Newport, Jamestown, New Shoreham, Middletown, Tiverton and Little 
Compton), atid having made copies of many ancient records relating to 
Newport and the adjacent towns, offers his services, on moderate terms, 
to Editors, Publishers, Lawyers, and others wishing matter relative to 
the History, Biography, and Genealogy of Rhode Island and Providence 
Particular attention paid to researches in any part of the State. 

Librarian Historical Society, 

Newport, R. I. 


pen i|Mka® 

JKTeteg on® (fineries. 

Vol. 1. APRIL. No. 2 

lanknts. * 

NOTES.— Tndian Relics in Connecticut. New England Newspapers. 
Rum and Sugar in "ye good old times." A Granite Pillar on Tower 
Hill, R. I. The Grave of the First White Woman born in N. E. A 
Worthy Example of Patriotism. Naming the Village of Adamsville, 
R. I. The Fortunes of War. The First Dramatic Performance at 
Newport, R. I. The Home of John Kilburn. 

QUERIES —Historical.— Rhode Island Medals and Tokens. A Con- 
necticut Parson compelled to Chew up Papei Money in 1777. Haunted 
Houses in Salem. Genealogical. — Holmes. Burdick. Stevens. 
Hitchcock, Adams, Pendleton, Smith, Salisbury, Benjamin, Bright- 
man. Nelson, Burton, Benton,' Lariford, Thripp, Bisha. Franklin. 
Hailston. Greene. Eldridge. Briggs. 

ANNOUNCEMENTS.— The Descendants of Richard Sares (Sears). 
Stehbins Family. A Directory of American Writers. Mitchell Gene- 
alogy. History of Montville, Conn. Spooner Family. The Hawley 

MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS.— The Portsmouth, N. H., Jour- 
nal — The Shackford Family. The Sabbath Recorder — The Stillman 
Family. Dedham Historical Register. Old New York. The New 
England Magazine. American Notes and Queries. 

BOOK NOTES.— Records of the Town of Plymouth, Mass. The Be- 
ginnings of New" England. Manchester, Mass., Town Records. His- 
torical Sketches of the Lawrence Family. The Diary of William 
Pyncheon. Genealogy of the Breck Family. History of NeAV Eng- 
land. The Life and "Times of Ephraim Cutler. Genealogy of the 
Dows or Dowse Family. Battlefields of 61. 

NEWPORT, b. i.: 

[Entered at Newport, R. I. Post Office as second class matter ] 

tEfye Hetr> (Englanb Hotes anb Queries, 

A Medium of Intercommunication for Historical and Genealogical Students. 

Published Quarterly, SI p«r .Annum. 
R. H. TILLEY, Editor, . Newport, R. I. 

The New England Notes aud QuebieswHI be made up of selected and original 
notes relating; to New England and family history; Announcements of historical 
and genalogical works in preparation; Queries, historical and genealogical, in which 
subscribers may ask for information to be sent to their address, or published in the col- 
umns of the magazine; Replies to Queries; and Book Notes, a department devoted to 
new works on New England local and family history. Historical and genealogical articles, 
which may appear from time to time in the newspapers and magazines, will be noticed. 

dgp 5 " Subscribers may insert a query or an announcement not to exceed 100 words, 
in each number. 

([[^"Publishers, editors and authors are respectfully requested to send circulars, des- 
criptive of their work, that notice may be given. Genealogical students are invited to 
correspond with the editor, giving full information relative to their labors. 

Jglp* To publishers, booksellers and compilers of history and genealogy, the Notes 
and Queries offers an excellent medium for advertising as the magazine will reach a class 
of readers who are always looking for new books The rates for advertising are low, as 
the publisher believes that announcements of this kind will form an important depart- 
ment of the magazine. Terms sent on application. 

Send all orders and communications to 

R. H. TILLEY, Newport, R. I. 

Tie Sato Press PolsMi and PriM Co., 



Send for samples of the Salem Press forms, useful to genealogists for 
obtaining information. 

Essex Co., Mass Records. 

The Salem Press has made arrangements to give its patrons the best 
service obtainable for searching the records of Essex Co., and the valu- 
able private collections relating to that part of Massachusetts. (See 
back page of cover.) 

GEO. A. BATES, Manager, 

200 Derby Street, 

Salem, Mass. 


VOL. 1. APRIL, 1890. NO. 2. 


Indian Relics in Connecticut. — Discoveries of Indian 
relics in abundance in all parts of Connecticut, save in the 
extreme northeast, within the last twelve months have been 
more numerous than ever before, and of great importance to 
historians and antiquaries interested in the State. The latest 
explorations were made in the royal cemetery of the Pequots, 
in Indiantown, between Ledyard and Stonington, in New 
London County, where on the Pequot Reservation are the 
royal sepulchres of the tribe. In past years many old graves 
have been torn open and rifled of bone lanceheads, shell jew- 
elry, and the like. But the heavy and almost incessant rains 
of this winter have washed out quantities of long and sharp 
arrow-heads of a peculiar white stone not found in Connecti- 
cut, and of some roughly made little receptacles of crushed 
oyster shells and clay, mixed and baked. In these cups, it is 
said, were deposited offerings of food for the dead. Where 
these cups came from is a mystery, as it is not known that 
the Pequots ever practiced the art of pottery. A cup of tins 
description was found on the banks of the Thames River, 
near Mohegan, some years ago, together with alarge quantity 
of wampum. Near by was exhumed the skeleton <>l a large- 


framed man. It was believed that the vessel was stolen from 
some of the tribes of Southern Indians. 

Dr. T. J. Wolfe of New York has discovered the site of an 
Indian village and burying ground in Winsted, Litchfield 
County. Many fine instruments of warfare and industry 
have been unearthed by him, some of which are so finely pol- 
ished as to lead him to believe that they are paleoliths — that 
they were done by the mound builders, who antedated the 
Indians in this part of the country. Fifty-eight arrow points, 
eio-hteen lance and spear heads, and twenty other finished ar- 
ticles have been taken out. Fragments of clay vases or cups 
were found. The stones were of beautiful shape and color, 
and came from out the State. 

At Seaside Park, in Bridgeport, workmen employed about 
the new residence of P. T. Barnum, in excavating, have 
found Indian pipes, heads, arrows, tomahawks, drills, pestles 
and knives in plenty. 

In Stratford curious pieces of pottery bearing rude orna- 
ments are taken from numerous graves of dead savages. 
The Indian settlement was close to the Sound, and in some 
places the clam and oyster shell deposits about it are two feet 
deep, indicating a long occupation of the place by the Indi- 

Southport, Fairfield and Sandy Hook have furnished many 
relics within the year. Charles Gray of Southport has found 
several Indian pipes, an Indian dinner pot and a samp mill- 
mortar and pestle. The hair found on the heads of some of 
the skeletons remains long, black and glossy. The finding 
of stones that are not known in the State is accounted for by 
the fad that oftentimes the finer work of the earlier Indians 
or mound builders was appropriated by their ruder succes- 
sors, and in this way was distributed to districts which the 
aboriginal artisans never visited. — Boston Transcript. 

New England Newspapers. — The list printed in the 
January number, on pages 8 and \\ respecting New England 
newspapers, is not accurate. Ivies & Gill'spaperin Boston, 



the Gazette, was not established in 1719, but in 17-"),"). The 
Massachusetts Spy was not carried on in Boston in 177(5, but 
in Worcester. Fowle had nothing to do with it at the time 
of its removal. The Evening Post was discontinued in 177"). 
The Essex Journal was published by Thomas & Tinges, dot 
Thomas & Finges. It was opposite the Rev. Mr. Parson's 
meeting-house, not Porson's. The Rhode Island Mercury 
was published in 1776 by Solomon Southwick. The Con- 
necticut Gazette of New Haven was discontinued in 17»>7. 
Parker was not then concerned in it, and died considerably 
before the Revolution. The Connecticut Gazette of New 
London was carried on by Timothy Green. The Connecticut 
Journal was published by T. & S. Green. Ebenezer Watson 
was the publisher of the Hartford Courant. 

W. W. Pasko. 

Rum and Sugar in u ye Good Old Times." — Would 
it not be an interesting subject, for the N. E., Notes and Que- 
ries, to discuss the use of "rum and sugar," which was con- 
sidered indispensable at all gatherings for mutual aid in the 
early part of the last century? The launching of vessels 
was, in those days, attended by all persons of both sexes, who 
expected an ample supply of good cheer-rum for the men, and 
wine for the fairer sex. A barrel of each was the usual al- 
lowance on such occasions. The bottle was attractive and 
probably indispensable in all gatherings, whether log-rolling, 
raising of houses, corn-husking, or rafting of timber; and a 
militia company could drill only under the excitement of a 
treat from the captain. Even at ordinations the reverend di- 
vines must have a glass to quicken the fervor of their devo- 
tion. In a bill of expenses on such an occasion, in the \ i- 
cinity of Kittery Point, Maine, there are charged eight 
quarts of rum and two of brandy, for the clergy and council. 
And still worse, funerals were made an occasion for circu- 
lating the intoxicating cup, Avhere the sighs and tears oi sym- 
pathizing friends were awakened by the customary beverage, 
spiced rum. I have seen several bills for funeral expenses, 


in which this is mentioned. One of them specifies the ingre- 
dient thus : u Five gallons of ruin, ten pounds of sugar and 
half a pound of allspice, to make rum." 

Kittery, Maine. T. T. T. 

Granite Marks the Spot, on Tower Hill, R. I , 
where a Shipwrecked Captain Murdered his Bene- 
factor. — There has recently been erected a granite pillar, 
at the spot on Tower Hill road, Wakefield, R. I., where 
Thomas Carter killed William Jackson, in 1751. It was 
placed there at the expense of Mr. Joseph P. Hazard. It 
contains the following inscriptions, cut on its four sides : 

"This pillar is erected to the memory of William Jackson 
of Virginia, who was murdered upon this spot by ship Capt. 
Thomas Carter of Newport, R. I., who, having been ship- 
wrecked and rendered penniless thereby, and being overtaken 
by Mr. Jackson, who, also, being on his way North, furnished 
him money and use of a horse to ride. Having arrived at 
point indicated by the pillar, Carter there murdered his kind 
and confiding benefactor with a dagger, about the hour of 
midnight of Jan. 1, 1751. He was tried and convicted of 
the crime at the village of Tower Hill on April!, 1751, and was 
hung in chains upon a gibbet on May 10, 1751, at the eastern 
foot of Tower Hill at side of the public highway, where the 
shrieking, as it were, of its chains during boisterous winds at 
night was the terror of many persons who lived near thereto 
or passed by." 

The Grave of the First White Woman Born in New 
England. — Among the attractive places for antiquarians to 
visit, in our State, is the old cemetery in the village of Little 
Compton, or what perhaps is better known as "The Com- 
mons," a triangular lot, where the Methodist Church, Con- 
gregational Church, and Post Office Building, seemingly 
stand guard at its several corners. On a recent visit, by the 
courtesy of Postmaster George F. Bixby, Esq., we were 
shown the graves where the dust of once noted personages 
quietly rest, unless their spirits writhe in agony at the for- 
lorn condition of the old graveyard, where fowls in large 
numbers are seen scratching in the dust of hallowed, ancestry 
within this sacred enclosure, now partially surrounded by 


tumble down Avails. Our attention was first called to a gran- 
ite monument erected in 1882, on the front of which was in- 
serted or paneled in, an old blue slate stone bearing this in- 
scription : 

Here lyeth the body 
of Elizabeth, the wife 

of William Pabodie ; 

who died May ye 31st, 

1717, and in the 96th 

year of her age. 

On the north side of the monument is the following: 

Elizabeth Pabodie, 

Daughter of 

The Plymouth Pilgrims, 

John Alden & 

Pracilla Mullen, 

The first White Woman 

Born in New England. 

On the east side is : "Erected June, 1882." 

On the south side is the following poetic effusion : 

"A bud from Plymouth's Mayflower springs, 
Transplanted here to live and bloom ; 
Her memory ever sweet and young, 
The centuries guard within this tomb." 
Her husband, who rests beside her, has this inscription 
upon his memorial : 

Here lyeth buered 

ye body of William 

Pabodie, who departed 

this life December ye 13th, 

1707, in ye 88th year 

of his age. 

The next of interest was the tomb of Col. Benjamin 
Church, known to fame by his bravery in the Indian wars. 
and the conqueror of King Philip the renowned chieftain of 


the Wampanoags ; of whom Arnold in his State History 
writes was the first English settler in what is now Little 
Compton. The inscription upon his tombstone, and also that 
of his wife who rests beside him, upon which the tooth of 
time is seemingly encroaching and which should be carefully 
guarded by some historic society, reads thus : 
Here Lyeth Interred the body 

of the Honourable 

Col. Benjamin Church, Esq., 

who departed this life, January 

the 17th, 1717-8, in ye 78th year of 

his age. 

Here lyeth Interred the 

Body of Alice Church 

late wife to the Honourable 

Col. Benjamin Church, Esq., 

She Deceased March ye 5th A. D. 

1717-8, in ye 73d year of her age. 

The most ancient date we noticed was that on the stone of 
Mary Price, she having died in 1698. 

In marked contrast to the cemetery was the quiet, wide 
street just east of the enclosure, carpeted with its green 
lawns and shaded by gracef ul trees, everything neat and 
tidy, betokening cleanly habits, giving one sort of a dreamy, 
restful feeling, when taken for a day from the busy whirl of 
active business city life. 

It would seem by what has been done in the restora- 
tion, or efforts to preserve the Pabodie monument, the citi- 
zens, or some interested parties, are beginning to realize the 
value of the treasures which have been committed to their 
keeping ; and it is to be hoped that in the near future the 
old cemetery will be brushed up, don indw garments and re- 
ceive proper care, thus causing it to be one of the most promi- 
nent attractions of Little Compton. — David Waldron in Nar- 
ragansett, R. Z, Historical Register. 

A Worthy Example of Patriotism. — When Governor 


Trumble, in 1777, recommended to the householders in Con- 
necticut, who were not obliged to do military duty, to form 
themselves into companies, choose their own officers and 
equip themselves for the defence of the colonies, a number 
of aged gentlemen in the town of Waterbury, Conn., assem- 
bled, and nominated officers, who were honored with com- 
missions. When the regiment of militia, to which they be- 
longed, was ordered to New York, this company was the first 
that marched and reached the place of rendezvous. It con- 
sisted of twenty men ; their ages, added together, equaled 
one thousand years. They were all married men, and when 
they went from home, left behind them their wives, with 
one hundred and forty-nine children. One of them was the 
father of nineteen children, and twelve grand-children. This 
company was known as the "married regiment." It would 
be interesting to have the names of this company. Will 
some one furnish the roll of this company for publication?" 
Hartford, Conn. Charter Oak. 

Naming the Village of Adamsville, Little Compton, 
R. I.— The following, from the Newport Mercury of Dec. 23, 
1826, may interest some of the readers of the Notes and 
Queries : 

"At a large and respectable meeting of the Citizens of 
Little Compton, and borders of Tiverton and Westport, as- 
sembled at the head of the River, in Little Compton, on the 
16th inst., for the purpose of naming the Village in the 
northeast part of said Little Compton, near the head of the 
west branch of Westport river -—Nathaniel Tompkins be- 
ing called to the Chair, and N. Church appointed Secretary, 
the object of the meeting being stated, a Committee was ap- 
pointed to retire, and agree upon a suitable name for said Vil- 
lage ;— the Committee retired for a short time, and then re- 
ported, that as the Inhabitants of this Vicinity are so well 
satisfied with the policy of the present Chief Magistrate of 
the U. S., that said Village hereafter be known by the name 


of ADAMSVILLE. — The Report was unanimously accepted, 
and the proceedings ordered to be published. 

N. CHURCH, Secretary. 

Little Compton, Dec. 19, 1826." 

Tiverton, R. I. D. C. 

The Fortunes of War. — Among the many singular oc- 
currences in the ancient Indian wars in this country, the 
strange fortune of Silas and Timothy Rice is not unworthy 
of particular notice. They were the sons of Mr. Edmond 
Rice, one of the first settlers of the (now) town of West- 
borough, in Worcester County, Mass., and carried off by the 
Indians, on the 8th August, 1704, the one 9 and the other 7 
years of age. They soon lost their mother tongue, had In- 
dian wives, and children by them, and lived at Cagnawaga. 
Silas was named Tookanowras and Timothy Oughtsorongough- 
ton. The latter recommended himself so much to the Indi- 
ans by his penetration, courage, strength, and warlike spirit, 
that he arrived to be the third of the six chiefs of the Cag- 
nawagas. In 1740, he came down to see his friends, and 
viewed the house where his father dwelt, and the place 
whence he, with the other children, were captivated, of both 
which he entertained a clear remembrance ; as he did like- 
wise of several elderly persons who were then living, though 
lie had lost the English language. He afterwards returned 
to Canada, and, it is said, Avas the Chief who made the 
speech, to General Gage, in behalf of the Cagnawagas, after 
the reduction of Montreal. R. H. T. 

The First Dramatic Performance at Newport, R. I. 
— The first dramatic performance ever given in this place was 
by a company of comedians in the large room of the "King's 
Arms Tavern," and to evade the law, the manager, Mr. 
Douglas, announced his place as the Histrionic Academy," 
and the plays were sometimes called "Moral Dialogues.' 1 The 
following is a copy of the opening bill : 

King's Arms Tavern, Newport, R. I. 

On Monday, June 10, 1761, at the Public Room of the 
above Inn, will be delivered a series of 



Iii five parts, 
depicting the evil effects of Jealousy and other bad passions. 
and proving that happiness can only spring from the pursuit 
of virtue. 

Mr. Douglas will represent a noble and magnanimous 
Moor called Othello, who loves a young lady called Desdemo- 
na, and after he has married her, harbors (as in too many 
cases) the dreadful passion of jealousy. 

Mr. Allyn will depict the character of a specious villain 
in the regiment of Othello, who is so base as to hate his com- 
mander on mere suspicion, and to impose on his best friends. 
Of such characters it is to be feared there are thousands in 
the world, and the one in question may present to us a salu- 
taiy warning. 

Mr. Hallarn will delineate a young and thoughtless Officer, 
who is traduced by Mr. Allyn, and getting drunk, loses his 
situation and his General's esteem. All young men whatso- 
ever, take example from Cassio. 

Various other dialogues, too numerous to mention here, 

will be delivered at night, all adapted to the improvement of 

the mind and manners. Tickets six shillings each, to be had 

within. Commencement at 7. Conclusion at half-past 10, in 

order that every spectator may go home at a sober hour, and 

reflect upon what he has seen before he retires to rest. 

"God save the King, 

And long may he sway, 

East, North and South, 

And fair America. 1 ' 

In Gaine's Mercury of Nov. 9, 1761, is noticed the last 
performance in that place, which occurred Nov. 3d. "Doug- 
las" was performed for the benefit of the poor. 

In August, 1762, a law was passed prohibiting theatrical 
exhibitions. And it was enacted "that the more specially 
those persons may have the earliest notice, the Governor is- 
sued a warrant to an officer, to immediately proclaim the act 


by beat of drum through the streets of the compact part of 
town." After the passage of the act the sheriff brought a 
copy of the act to the theatre, and at the close of the per- 
formance read it to the audience. 

In June, 1793, Messrs. J. Harper and H. Placide fitted up 
an apartment over the brick market house. This room was 
used for theatrical performances until 1842, when it was al- 
tered into a town hall. 
Newport, R. I. Wm. H. Westcott. 

The Home of John Kilburn. — The town authorities of 
Walpole, N. H., have erected a tablet to mark the site of the 
home of John Kilburn. It bears this inscription; "In this 
field stood the cabin of John Kilburn, the first settler of Wal- 
pole, 1749. Here occurred his heroic defence against the In- 
dians, August 17. 1755." 



35. Rhode Island Medals and Tokens. No. 1. 
• The "Dutch" Medal of 1778-79.— Was this medal struck 
in Holland? or in England? or in America? By loyalists? friends 
of the patriots? or these last themselves? Was it in contempt 
of the Americans? in direct sympathy with them? or to mag- 
nify, through kindly motive or not, the good offices of the 
Dutch? Does other information exist regarding it than by 
Muller of Amsterdam (Continuation of Van Loon's work, 
u Beschrijving van Nederlandsche Historie-Penllingen ,1 [De- 
scription of Dutch Historic Medals], Part VII, 1862, p. 127), 
Buslmell (Memoirs of Samuel Smith, etc.), Anthon (Ameri- 
can Journal of Numismatics, II. p. 53), and Paine (Ibid, II. 
p. 80)? 

Which face is the obverse? Anthon says the one with Lord 
Howe's flagship; Paint;, that with view of Newport Island, 
for the reason that it is the same in all the varieties. I would 


suggest rather that the obverse be decided by precedence of 
dates, the face with island bearing 1778, and the other 1779, 
the result being coincident with Paine's. 

There are three varieties: a, with "scroll work" under the 
flagship; b, this space vacant; c, the void occupied by the 
word "vlugtende" (retreating), which also occurs upon the 
other face. That there were in reality but two dies of this 
reverse is shown by the tool marks, evidently. upon the die 
itself, by which the exergue of a or c was obliterated. That 
the die was subsequently filled out again, by insertion, seems 
negatived by inspection of the medals. Which then was first 
in order of sequence? A reply to this will probably solve the 
main mystery. 

I would point out that the "scroll work", a, which no one 
seems to have further defined, consists in reality of two triple 
clusters of laurel leaves (victory) united by a thunder bolt, 
the motive seeming even more distinct than that of the crossed 
palm leaves upon the obverse of all the varieties, which de- 
picts the flight of the Americans across Rhode Island, above 
Newport, to boats in the "East Passage". If my suggestion 
is correct, this die, if the original one, would seem to have 
been cut by an English sympathizer, therefore quite certainly 
not in Holland, and its subsequent mutilation to have been 

by a patriot. 

The language of the reverse in e (retreat of the English ship) 
favors a Dutch or American origin. Upon the other hand, 
the extreme rarity of this variety, as compared with b, or 
even a, might imply that the die was cut in England by or 
for a patriot, and that either through compulsion or changed 
ownership the obnoxious word was effaced. Paine imagined 
that in his b he could discover the v, 1, and d of "vlugtende/ ' 
In my own, I think that I can trace the v. If this view be 
true, the obliteration must have been early in the history of 
the die,for if there had been many issues they could hardly have 
mostly been called in and destroyed. As to the question of a 
Holland source, Muller criticizes both the spelling and designs 
as unlikely to have been by a countryman of his own. 


I would further suggest that the palm upon all the obverses 
typifies not merely victory but martyrdom. That it too was not 
cut away, whichever of the other imprints was, may have 
been that its symbolism was not so patent to the common 
mind; while to every American, laurels for Lord Howe would 
have seemed an insult, just as his being in "retreat" or "de- 
feated" would have been to an Englishman. The employ- 
ment of the palm may have been in espousal of the Ameri- 
can cause, and not an intimation that British victory was at- 
tended by loss of life. The decision of this would- help solve 
the preceding question. 

Anthon's theory that the medal was for speculative pur- 
poses, and therefore made to meet the views of both contend- 
ing parties seems disproved by the rarity of even the most 
common of the varieties. If such had been the case probably 
both dies would have been coincident in time, and there 
would have been no necessity for defacing either. 

Are these dies, one or both, still in existence? If there are 
electrotypes, by whom and when were they taken? 

The Newport Historical Society has a composition cast of 
b. I have this medal itself. Mr. 'John M. Holt of Newport, 
the curator of the Society's Numismatic collection, has 
both a and b. Mr. W. S. Sisson of Portsmouth (Newport 
island) has the latter. How many of c are there in this 
country? and as both England and Holland seem to have been 
carefully gleaned of them for American collectors, how many 
in all are there probably still in existence? 

Newport, E. I. H. R. Stoker. 

36. A Connecticut Parson Compelled to Chew Up 
Paper Money, in 1777. — Can any of the readers of Notes 
and Queries give me the name of the "Connecticut parson," 
who was compelled, March — , 1777, by the Royalist of New 
York, to chew up all the paper money he had about him, and 
to declare, in the presence of a large number of people, that 
lie would not again pray for the Continental Congress, or for 
"their doer of dirty work, Mr. Washington." ? 

Hartford, Covin. Charter Oak. 


37. Haunted Houses in Salem.— What traditions are 
there extant of haunted houses in Salem, Mass? When a 
boy I remember to have heard such tales as applied to sev- 
eral old out-of-the-way houses, but I regret to say that my 
memory has preserved but little. Doubtless some of your 
readers may be able to assist me, and at the same time put 
upon record much interesting matter. 

Boston, Mass. W. 


38. Holmes : — John, George, and Lazarus Holmes, with 
their families, went from Portsmouth, N. H., to Jefferson, N. 
H., where they had land deeded to them in the fall of 1797, 
by Joseph Whipple. A note at Jefferson says they came 
"from the Navy Yard at Portsmouth." An untrustworthy — 
because unverified — family tradition, says : John, "Samuel," 
and George Holmes came from Kent, Eng., to Portsmouth, 
some time in 1700, in a vessel commanded by one Captain 
Whipple, with whom they afterwards went to Jefferson. 
There were Holmeses at Portsmouth as early as 1699, nearly 
one hundred years before the Jefferson Holmeses are said to 
have come from "the Navy Yard at Portsmouth." It seems 
entirely probable, owing to names, etc., that the Jefferson 
Holmeses came from the early family of this name at Ports- 
mouth. John Holmes of Jefferson, at the head of this query, 
was "married when lie went to Jefferson, and had, it is said, 
in all, twelve sons, of whom George was my grandfather ; 
he was born in 1777, and married Mary Maxey of Jefferson ; 
they moved to Sheppley, near York, Maine, about 1815. A 
very considerable Holmes posterity remained at Jefferson. 
I am anxious to discover the ancestry of my great grand- 
father, John Holmes (from Portsmouth) of Jefferson, N. H., 
and will pay any necessary expense incidental to this infor- 

Butte, Montana. Levi Edwin Holmes, M. 1). 

39. Burdick.— Between 1699 and 1716, eight children 
were born in Westerly, K. I., to Benjamin 2 Burdick (Rob- 


ert 1 ) and Mary, his wife. Who were the parents of this 
Mary ? 

New Bedford, Mass. Kay Greene Huling. 

40. STEVENS. — Benjamin Stevens came to Danbnry, Ct., 
about 1700, with his four sons — Ebenezer, Nathaniel, Thomas 
and Benjamin. Can any one tell me Avhere they came from ? 
2. Is the Thomas Stevens mentioned in the history of Stam- 
ford any relation to him? Correspondence solicited. 

498 Orange St., New Haven, Conn. H. Stevens. 

41. Hitchcock. — Information is wanted of the family of 
Joseph Hitchcock, Jr., born, probably in Norwalk, about 
1720. His last appearance on Norwalk Town Records is 
August 27, 1766, at which time he bought "33 acres of land 
with dwelling house on it." November, 1758, he gave to St. 
Paul's Church, of Norwalk, "one day's work of himself, one 
of Daniel and one of Amos." His name disappears from 
the church account book in 1760. Were Daniel and Amos 
sons of Joseph Hitchcock, Jr.? Did lie also have Stephen, 
born October 17, 1745 ? What was the maiden name of his 
wife ? To what place did he remove and when did he die ? 

Amherst, Mass. Mrs. M. L. Hitchcock. 

42. Adams. — Maj. Ebenezer Adams was the second officer 
in the Barton expedition of 1777, which resulted in the cap- 
ture of the British General Prescott at Portsmouth, R. I. 
(See Crowell's "Spirit of '76," p. 149.) He was b. Feb. 22, 
1782, N. S. ; served three years in the French war ; m. 1, 
Martha Taylor, of Westerly, who d. in 1774. 2, widow 
Sarah (Saunders) Noyes, and had by first wife five, and by 
second, seven children. He died of apoplexy March 4, 1799, 
and was buried on the "Judge William Pattee farm", in 
Kingstown, R. I. It is said that he was an only son, by 
first marriage, of Joseph Adams. 

Now I lind that Joseph Adams, of Westerly, R. L, and 
Mary Crandall of South Kingstown, R. I., were m. Sept. 4, 
L737, in S. Kingstown, by Isaac Sheldon, J. P. 


Query. Was this Joseph the father of Maj. Ebenezer, and 
if so, what was his prior lineage ? 

I am of the opinion that his descent was through one of 
the Adams families of Barrington or Bristol, who settled 
there at an early date, from Medfield, Mass., and were of 
the Braintree, Mass., (or presidential) family. 

Washington, D. C. Nelson D. Adams. 

43. Pendleton. — Zebnlon Pendleton, b. May 27, 1760, son 
of Amosand Susannah (Chesebro) Pendleton of Westerly,R.L, 
m. Oct. 15, 1780, Thankful, daughter of Joseph and Mercy 
(Lillibridge) Wells, of Hopkinton, R. I. Probably moved 
into New York State soon after marriage. Two of his chil- 
dren visited Westerly; married near 1814. Zebulon was 
living in 1819. Information desired concerning him or his 

Westerly, R. I. Charles H. Pendleton. 

44. Smith. — Hannah, daughter of Judge James and Mary 
Leete Hooker, of Guilford, Conn., married about 1715 or 20, 
Thomas Smith. Nothing further is known of him. 

Mehitable, sister of Hannah above, married, 1724, John 
Smith, son of Thomas and Susannah Odell Smith of New 
York, and, it is supposed, settled at Rye, N. Y. 

Can any one give any further information of these fami- 
lies ? Are there any descendants ? 

289 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Edward Hooker, 

45. Salisbury. — I would like information concerning 
ancestry, &c, of a John Salisbury, "who was a captain in 
the Revolution, lived near the 'Green River,' and whose 
wife was Mary Wing?" 

Springboro, Penn. Frank E. Best. 

46. Benjamin.— John Benjamin and his son Richard 
emigrated to America from Wales in 1632, by the brig Lion, 
and settled at Watertown, Mass. I should be glad to learn 
any particulars of his descendants. 

28 W. 23d St., Mew York, N. F. Walter R. Benjamin. 


47. Brightman. — Information wanted of Henry Bright- 
man prior to 1761. lie was made a freeman of Portsmouth, 
R. I.,, in that year, and appears often as deputy, &c, up to 
1700. Any facts communicated to the subscriber will be 
suitably acknowledged. 

Fall River, Mass. Charles P.. Brightman. 

48. Nelson, Burton, Benton. — Persons having facts 
concerning the early history and genealogy of the Nelson 
family of Brimfield, Mass., of the Burton and Benton fami- 
lies of Eastern, Conn., are requested to communicate with 

Derby Line, Vt. Charles E. Nelson. 

49. Lariford, Thripp, Bisha.— 1. Who were the pa- 
rents of Sarah and Elizabeth Lariford ? Sarah married (pub. 
Boston, Nov. 11, 1696) Mark Round. Elizabeth married 
February 12, 1710-11, in Reading, Mass., Thomas Burt. 
2. Who were the parents of Bathsheba Thripp who married 
July 19, 1751, in Warren, R. L, James Bushee ? He was a 
ropemaker in Providence, R. I., in 1811. A William Tripp 
and Abigail Fife had a son Consider Tripp, born May 25, 
1757, and died February 28, 1761. 3. Whence did ''Philip 
Bisha" and wife Mary come before 1710 ? They had nine 
children recorded to them from 1710 to 1729, on the records 
of Bristol, R. I. The name "Bisha" for most of the children 
and "Beshe," and "Bushee," ; the latter form became the 
usual spelling of the descendants. "Philip Bushee" died Oc- 
tober 30, 1756, in Bristol, R. I. Was he a French refugee, 
or was he an Arcadian from Nova Scotia ? 

418 Broadway, So. Boston, Mass. Chas. B. Whitman. 

50. Franklin, Hailston. — I would like information 
concerning the family of Gideon Franklin, who, in 1765 or 7, 
lived near Providence, R. J., where his daughter Avis was 
born. lie, with his family, moved to New York, where in 
1792 Avis married a Mr. Phelps. I would also like to cor- 
respond with some one interested in the Hailston family of 
Taunton, Mass. 

Key West, Fla., {Box Go.) Herbert II. Crain. 


51. Greene.— I would like to know the names of the 
parents of Amos Greene, who died in Charlestown, R. J., 
sometime before the death of his wife, whose maiden name 
was Amy Knowles, of South Kingston. She died 1819 or 
1821 at the age of one hundred and one. 

Clarke's Falls, Conn. E. G. Sheffield. 

52. Eldridge. — I desire to trace the descendants and 
ancestry of Daniel Eldridge (Eldred) who had a daughter 
Susanna, said to have been born in Newport, R. I., July 17, 
1790. Can any one assist me ? 

Cleveland, Ohio. D. W. Manchester. 

53. Brtggs. — I am desirous of obtaining information as 
to Phineas Briggs and his family, especially his son Lemuel, 
who married Content Cotton, of Fall River, Mass., or in that 
vicinity. Lemuel died about the year 1812 in Russia, N. Y. 

518 Townsend St., Lansing, Mich. L. H. Briggs. 


The Descendants of Richard Sares (Sears). — Mr. 
Samuel P. May, of Newton, Mass., has compiled a record of 
the descendants of Richard Sares (Sears) of Yarmouth, 
Mass. (1638-1888) and of other families by the name of 
Sears. It will contain about 500 pages. The subscription 
list is nearly full, and as the edition will be limited, and will 
not be reprinted, all persons desiring copies should send their 
orders at once. The work will be ready for delivery in May. 
Price to subscribers $5.00, or $5.25 by mail. 

Stebbins Family. — : I am compiling a genealogy of the 
descendants of Thomas, son of Rowland Stebbins, the emi- 
grant, and would be pleased to receive family records from 
those interested. I have a copy of the "Towne family" to 

Adrian, Mich. Fred'k. B. Stebbins, 


A Directory of American Writers. — The editor of 
the Writer has undertaken to compile a '"Directory of Amer- 
ican Writers, Editors and Publishers." It is intended to 
make the directory as complete as possible, but the army of 
minor writers is so great that it will be necessary to limit the 
number of addresses in some reasonable way. It has been 
thought best, therefore, to include in the first edition only 
the names of writers who have had a contribution printed in 
some one of the leading magazines or weekly periodicals dur- 
ing the last five years, who have or had a book published 
within the last ten years. Writers who are included in either 
of these classes are requested to send at once to the editor of 
the Writer, P. O. Box 1905, Boston, Mass., the following 
items of information: (1) Name of Writer; (2) Present 
residence ; (3) Permanent business address ; (4) Literary 
specialty; (5) Titles of principal articles or books printed 
and dates of publication. 

Mitchell Genealogy. — Mr. R. H. Mitchell, of Nevada, 
Iowa, is collecting material for a history of the Mitchell fam- 
ily, especially those of New England origin. He will be 
grateful for any information sent him, and will be pleased to 
correspond with all interested. 

History of Montville, Conn. — Henry A. Baker, Esq., 
of Montville, Conn., is at work on a general history of this 
town from its settlement, or about 1670. The town was 
then a part of New London, and called the "North Parish of 
New London/' It will contain a condensed history of the 
Mohegan tribe of Indians from the time Uncas became known 
to the English, down to the present time ; an ecclesiastical 
history of the churches within its limits, from their first or- 
ganization. Genealogies of the most prominent families 
will also be given. The history of the town will be traced 
through the French and Indian war?, the war of the Revolu- 
tion and the civil war of 1861-5, down to the present time. 

Spoon er Family. — The second volume of "Records of 
William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants," 


will appear soon, provided the subscriptions are sufficient to 
warrant the expense. The subscriptions to the first volume 
were not what was hoped for, as a part of the edition is still 
unsold. Vol. II will be an octavo of from 1000 to 1200 
pages, and will contain records of more than 3000 families, 
descendants of William Spooner, bringing the family descent 
down to this time. It will be furnished for $5.00, to each 
one who may subscribe for it, provided the subscriber has 
heretofore taken, or may now purchase the first volume. 
Send orders to Thomas Spooner, Esq., Glendale, Hamilton 
Co., Ohio. 

The Hawley Record.— This is a folio volume, 10£xl6 
inches, and contains about six hundred pages. The work 
contains a history of the Connecticut and Massachusetts 
lines of Havvleys, besides many unconnected families and 
names. It will be ready early in May. Only 300 copies 
will be printed. All interested are invited to correspond 
with Elias S. Hawley, Buffalo, N. Y. 


The Portsmouth, N. H., Journal, — The Shackford 
Family. — A Chicago correspondent of this paper furnishes 
an article on the Shackford family, for the issue of March 
29. Biographical sketches of Capt. William Shackford, son 
of Samuel, of Portsmouth, N. H. ( — 1772); Capt. Samuel 
Shackford, son of William (1746-1837), and of Capt. Joshua 
Shackford, son of William, are given. The article contains 
much historical and genealogical information relating to the 

The Sabbath Recorder. — The Stillman Family.— 

Prof. Thomas B. Stillman contributes an article for the Re- 
corder of March 20, on the Stillman family, giving a record 
of one branch of the family of George Stillman, who was 
born 1679, and married Deborah Crandall, Westerly, R. L, 
April 10, 1706. George Stillman was a prominent member 


of the Seventh Day Baptist Church, as were many of his 
descendants. Copies of the Recorder containing this article 
can be had by sending to Jno. B. Mosher, Alfred Centre, 
N. Y. 

Dedham Historical Register. — The second number of 
this magazine contains * 'Dedham and Dorchester Boundary 
Line" ; "Diary of Dr. Nathaniel Ames," Jan. to Dec. 1759 • 
"Dover, Mass., Births, Deaths and Marriages," beginning at 
the time Dover was set apart from Dedham and incorporated 
as a district, July 7, 1784 ; the conclusion of an article on 
the "Fisher Family ;" "Gleanings from Newspaper Litera- 
ture" ; "The Hawes Family" ; "Dedham in the Rebellion" ; 
and other interesting articles. 

Old New York. — In the May number of this valuable 
periodical will be commenced the publication of the original 
records of New York City. These important records have 
never yet been printed. The Dutch period covers ten vol- 
umes, in manuscript, besides many loose papers, and the 
English period fills sixty or seventy volumes. This maga- 
zine, under the editorship of W. W. Pasko, Esq., is rapidly 
gaining in public favor. $5 per annum. 19 Park Place, New 
York City. 

The New England Magazine. — The frontispiece of the 
New England Magazine for March is a full length portrait of 
Chief Justice Fuller, and the article in the number which is 
likely to attract attention quickest is on "The Supreme Court 
of the United States," by James D. Colt. It is a learned and 
careful article, at the same time anecdotical and vivacious ; it 
is very fully illustrated, giving portraits of all the chief jus- 
tices from Jay down, and of all the present justices, and al- 
together it is the most important recognition by any of our 
magazines of the court's centennial. It will be read by all 
the lawyers, but it ought to be read also by all students 
of our American Government. The opening article in the 
magazine is entitled "A New England Country Gentleman 
in the Last Century." This country gentleman was Henry 


Bromfield, of the famous old Boston family which gave its 
name to a street and a hotel in the city; and the account of 
his quiet life in the little town of Harvard, and the charm- 
ing illustrations of the article, will delight a great many be- 
sides the antiquarians. Another important illustrated arti- 
cle is on Chautauqua, and the significance of this large and 
growing factor in American life is forcibly brought home to 
us by the writer, Mr. F. P. Noble. The appearance of this 
article just as Dr. Vincent's birthday is being celebrated is 
very timely. An article on "A Successful Woman's Club" 
relates to the Ladies' Library Association of Kalamazoo, 
Michigan, for which is here claimed the honor of being the 
oldest literary society for women in America. "The Influ- 
ence of John Calvin on the New England Town Meeting," 
by Arthur May Mowry, exhibits in a new and striking way 
the immense influence of Calvin and Calvinism in the devel- 
opment of democracy. There is an interesting article by 
Alice Morse Earle on Narragansett Pacers, the famous old 
Rhode Island breed of horses, now extinct. The stories and 
poetry of the number are unusually interesting. Mr. Hale's 
u Tarry at Home Travel," which seems to grow brighter and 
better every month, has to do this month chiefly with Provi- 
dence, saying much about the recent adoption of Old South 
Lectures in Providence, about John Carter Brown's remarka- 
ble historical collection, and about Francis Wayland, whom 
Mr. Hale regards as without a superior among American 

American Notes and Queries, of Philadelphia, is 
now in its fourth volume, and it has been from its first num- 
ber a pronounced success. It occupies a field that is unique 
among the periodicals of this country, its scope being to 
answer queries on all matters of general literary and histori- 
cal interest — folk-lore, the origin of proverbs, familiar say- 
ings, popular customs, quotations, etc., the authorship oi 
books, pamphlets, poems, essays or stories, the meaning of 
recondite allusions, etc. Room is allowed in each issue for 


the discussion of moot questions, and the periodical is thus 
an invaluable medium for intercommunication between all 
those who are interested in letters. 

Boof Holes. 

[Publishers and authors wishing notices in this department 

should send copies of their publications to R. H Tilley, 

Newport, R. I.] 
Records of the Town of Plymouth, Mass. — Boston : for 

sale by W. B. Clarke, & Co. 

The first volume of "Records of the Town of Plymouth," 
published by order of the town, extends from 1636, when 
the first clerk was chosen to relieve the governors of the 
work, to 1705. It contains grants of land by the town, and 
the boundaries of lands granted by the colonial court, the 
valuation of property and the rate of taxation, names of 
townsmen, division of cattle, choice of town officers, civil 
and military provisions, etc. Nearly all the space is given to 
land grants, but, here and there, many peculiar measures 
may be found to add interest to the legal value of the tran- 
script as a foundation of land titles. A limited edition is 
issued. Its volumes should all be taken, as the publication 
of the remaining volumes is largely dependent upon the sale 
of this one. The editor, William T. Davis, has done his per- 
plexing task faithfully. 

The Beginnings of New England, or the Puritan The- 
ocracy in its Relations to Civil and Religious Liberty. By 
John Fiske, pp. 296. Price, $2.00. 1890. Houghton, 
Mi I'll in cV ( 'o., Boston. 

In this work the lectures of Prof. Fiske are embodied, as 
delivered at St. Louis and elsewhere. In the preface, he 
siiys : "In this sketch of the circumstances which attended 
the settlement of New England, [ have purposely omitted 
many details which in a formal history of that period would 


need to be included. It has been my aim to give the outline 
:>f such a narrative as to indicate the principals at work in the 
history of New England down to the Revolutionof 1689. For- 
tunately we can learn something from the stumblings of our 
forefathers, and a good many things seem quite clear to us 
to-day, which two centuries ago were only beginning to be 
dimly discerned by a few of the keenest and boldest spirits. 
The faults of the Puritan theocracy, which found its most 
complete development in Massachusetts, are so glaring that 
it is idle to seek to palliate them or to explain them away. 
But if we would really understand what was going on in the 
Puritan world of the seventeenth century, and how a better 
state of things has grown out of it, we must endeavor to dis- 
tinguish and define the elements of wholesome strength, and 
that theocracy no less than its elements of crudity and 
weakness." Mr. Fiske, in his work, prepares the way for un- 
derstanding New England history by analyzing at length, 
"The Roman Idea and the English Idea" of government. 

Manchester, Mass., Town Records. — There has re- 
cently been published, the town records of Manchester, Mass.. 
"from the earliest grants of land, 1636, when a portion of Sa- 
lem, until 1736, as contained in the town records of Salem, 
second and third books of records of the town of Manches- 
ter." The printing of these records was authorized at the 
annual town meeting held on March 19, 1889. The town 
clerk was authorized to do the work and a committee of three 
was authorized to cooperate with him. The town clerk is 
Mr. A. S. Jewett, and the committee consisted of Messrs. 
Daniel Leach, William H. Tappan, and I). L. Bingham. 
Mr. Jewett has done his work with great apparent care and 
fidelity, and the town has done a good thing in preserving 
the records in this permanent form. 

Historical Sketches of the Lawrence Family— By 
Robert M. Lawrence, M. D., 8 vo. pp. 215— Boston. $2.00. 
For sale by Damrell & Upham. 
This carefully prepared volume contains Biographical 


sketches of many of the early members of the Lawrence 
family, of whom John Lawrence, a native of Wisset, Suffolk 
Co., Eng., was the ancestor. John Lawrence emigrated to 
this country about 1630, and became a resident of Water- 
town, Mass. By his wife Elizabeth he had thirteen children. 
The work contains, besides much genealogical data, many 
important family documents. The book is enriched with 
seven heliotypes of Old Portraits and Buildings, viz : The 
Lawrence Homestead at Groton, Mass., showing the older 
part of the house ; The Commission of Ensign Nathaniel 
Lawrence, signed by Simon Bradstreet, Gov. of Massachu- 
setts, 1680 ; The Old Lawrence House in Littleton ; The 
Lawrence Homestead in Lexington ; Dr. and Mrs. Joseph 
Adams ; Dr. Abel Lawrence, and a fine copy of a Photo- 
graph, by Mrs. James Lawrence, of the Lawrence homestead 
in Groton. The book is neatly bound and printed on extra 
thick antique paper. 

The Diary of William Pyncheon of Salem, Mass., edited 
by E. E. Oliver. Boston : Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 
We have not seen a copy of this valuable addition to the 
local history of New England, but as it is our duty to in- 
form our readers of the most important works as they appear, 
we take pleasure in reprinting the following excellent notice 
from the Boston Transcript : 

"The Diary of William Pyncheon" is a work of singular 
interest and importance. The writer was an eminent lawyer 
of Salem, Mass., and great grandson of William Pyncheon, 
one of the original patentees of the colony of Massachusetts 
under grant of Charles I, who settled in ancient Agawam as 
long ago as in 1636, and who previous to that time had as- 
sisted in founding the town of Roxbury. The colonist was 
a man of liberal religious views, and, for printing a book in 
which be questioned the Calvinistic doctrine of the atone- 
ment, he was so harassed by the clergy of the day that he 
returned to England in 1652, and died there. His children 
remained, however, and from one of them descended William 


Pyncheon, the author of the "Diary" before us. He was 
born in Springfield, but spent his entire professional life of 
more than forty years in Salem. The "Diary" covers the 
entire Revolutionary period, and presents an accurate pic. 
ture of the life, customs and events in Salem and Boston at 
that time. Through and between its lines the characteristics 
of the writer are easily discovered by the reader. He was a 
man of unimpeachable honor and integrity, with the moral 
courage to be true to himself and loyal to his country. He 
seems to have had a fondness for the luxuries and amuse- 
ments of life; and, with a lively intellect and ready wit, he 
must have been a delightful companion. "The Diary" offers 
a large variety of incident, and some of the records, from 
the familiar names, might well be imagined to be of the 
present day, instead of the long ago. While in Boston in 
the summer of 1776, whither he had gone to undergo inocu- 
lation, he writes an account of his life there : 

We sleep finely, and our time passeth most agreeably in- 
deed. We meet with much kindness from the gentlemen 
and all the inhabitants excepting the tailors and barbers; 
their squinting and fleering at our clothes and especially our 
wiggs, begin to border on malevolence. Had not the caul of 
my wigg been made of uncommon stuffe and workmanship, 
in my conscience I think 1113^ barber would have had it in 
pieces; his dressing it greatly resembles a farmer's dressing 
his flax, the latter of the two being the gentlest in his mo- 

We are told that "Dr. Parker will be called to answer for 
praying last Sunday for the King ; order is soon to be taken 
by the Congress, if not already done, as to publick prayers. 
Yesterday we dined at Mr. Russell's; visited Mr. Greenleafs 
gardens and Dr. Pemberton and Dr. Mather." The record 
of Jan. 31, 1778, speaks for itself : 

Many, as in the year past, are grown and are growing less 
by elevation, like little statues placed on high pedestals ; and 
yet these little lofty animals may do us a world of mischief ; 
But, if we are on our guard and avoid them, and bear the 
effects of their insolence with stability and dignity, their in- 
sults will prove harmless to us, their stings hurt none but 


themselves. Their malevolence can neither add to nor di- 
minish our real enjoyment, but, like the good or ill accident 
of life, will be felt, not according to their, but to our, own 

The account of the "dark day," May 19, 1780, is of special 
interest — 

Rain ; S. W. Wind, a dark morning; about ten the dark- 
ness increased and at eleven and twelve it was so great that 
the people had candles to get dinner by and to read. The 
cocks began to crow as in the night. People in the streets 
grew melancholy, and fear seemed on all except sailors ; they 
went hallooing and frolicking through the streets and were 
reproved in vain. They cried out to the ladies as they 
passed : "Now you may take off your rolls and high caps 
and be d d." Dr. White's people met at the meeting- 
house, and he preached from Amos 6, 8-9 : "I will darken 
the earth in the clear day, etc." He urged that it was owing 
to the inevitable act of God, for public extortion and other 
sins and enumerated them. At 4 p. m. it grew somewhat 
lighter. In the evening, although the moon was up and 
full, it was until 12 o'clock darker than was ever seen by any. 

No mention of coal is made, but on Jan. .2, 1781, is the 
following : "The price of wood falls; it is now from «£0.13s 
to £ 0.14.5 a cord; a smart firing is heard to-day: (Mr. 
Brooks is married to Miss Hathorne, a daughter of Mr. 
Estey) and was as loud, and the rejoicing near as great as on 
the marriage of Robert Peas, celebrated last year; the 
fiddling, dancing, etc., about equal in each." Another entry 
is as follows : 

May 29, 1781. A fine warm day ; southwest wind. Trade 
in Boston in great confusion, almost stagnated ; the credit of 
the new emission sunk thirty per ct. upon failure of the old, 
in its credit. All growl ; some rave and stamp ; others curse 
and swear, some at Congress, some at the general court, some 
at Whigs, others at Tories — all at the French. The moderate 
Whigs express their joy that (liberal tar is relieved and the 
siege raised ; they who trouble the waters first have seldom 
the benefit of fishing. 

Dec. 8, 1782. Richard Derby, Jr., Esq., died to-day about 
three o'clock ; another sacrifice to the malevolence of the 
times ! God preserve us all from the effects of future ma- 


levolence. Rumors that R. T. Paine means to succeed C. J. 
Cushing, who, it is said, cannot continue much longer in 
health sufficient for the duties of C. justice. 

Feb. 4, 1783. Clear and raw ; cold snow air. Mr. Rogers 
here. Templeman and P. Fisher are affronted with me. 
What shall I do ? A. Hold your tongue. 

The account of attending the installation of the first pro- 
fessors of the Harvard Medical School is of interest- 
Tuesday, Oct. 7, 1783. Go over to Cambridge and break- 
fast at Mr. Mason's. Go in the procession from chapel to 
meeting-house and see Dr. Warren and Waterhouse' (Dexter 
absant) installed as professors ; each delivered a Latin oration 
(both excellent) to Governor, overseers, etc. ; all dine in the 
hall ; go from chamber to chamber in the evening, the three 
colleges being illuminated ; at all the chambers were collations, 
punch, wine, cheese, cake, etc. — 1784, Oct. 29. The Marquis 
LaFayette comes to town attended by coaches and other car- 
riages and young gentlemen on horseback. They alight at 
Goodale's and take some refreshment, and chat awhile ; then 
the company, clergymen, including the modest Dr. W. and 
merchants and mechanics walk through the streets, the rabble 
giving them three cheers at each corner, the company all hav- 
ing their hats on except the Marquis. The company dine at 
the Assembly Rooms and Judge John Pickering reads off a 
speech to the Marquis ; he returns it memoriter. The music 

was . They drank tea at the Assembly Rooms. The 

French chevalier walks a minuet with Miss Williams. The 
Marquis hath a stiff knee and dances none. The room was 
full of ladies and gentlemen ; they break up at half-past 
twelve o'clock. 

The book is edited by a descendant of the author, who has 
greatly augmented the interest of the Diary by his valuable 
notes, the biographical sketch of Mr. Pyncheon, and the pre- 
face. The latter contains a letter from Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne disclaiming any purpose in making use of the 'hon- 
ored name of Pyncheon in his work, "The House of the 
Seven Gables." "The Diary of William Pyncheon" is not 
only of historic value, but it contains many incidents of 
local and general interest not to be found elsewhere. 


Genealogy oe the Breck: Family. By Gen. Samuel 

Breck, of the War Department, Washington, D. C. 

The volume contains 154 pages of Genealogy, including 
blank pages for a family Record in manuscript ; 87 pages of 
appendix of additional biographical and historical matter, 
obituary notices, letters, &c, and armorial bearings, and a 
complete index of 29 pages. The book is illustrated, at an 
expense of $500, with thirty-two portraits, three coats of 
arms, and one fac-simile autograph. 
History of New England, by John Gorham Palfrey. 

Vol. V. (being the History of New England from the 

Revolution of the Seventeenth Century to the Revolution 

of the Eighteenth Century.) 8 vo, cloth, #4.00. The 

complete set, 5 vols., 8vo, cloth, 18.00 ; half-calf, extra, gilt 

top, $30.00. 

This volume completes the late Mr. Palfrey's History of 
New England, bringing the narrative down to the third day 
of July, 1775, according to the author's original plan. A 
full index to the whole work has been appended. 

The material for the final volume was left by the author 
in an advanced condition, but requiring the bestowal of much 
labor upon it before it should be ready for the press. It has 
been prepared for publication by the author's eldest son, Mr. 
F, W. Palfrey, who states that it is almost wholly printed 
from the author's manuscript as he left it, "with careful re- 
vision of every part, verification of references, filling of 
lacunae, the correction of obvious errors of detail, and the 
The Life and Times of Ephraim Cutler, prepared from 

his journals and correspondence, by his daughter, Julia P. 

Cutler. One vol. 8 vo. Cloth, 12.50. Cincinnati, Ohio : 

Roberl Clarke & Co. 

Ephraim Culler was (lie eldest son of Rev. Manasseh Cut- 
ler, LL. 1)., whose Life and Journals, published Ivy the same 
firm, was noticed in the January No. He was born in Kil- 
Lingly, Connecticut, in 17(57, and died in Washington County, 
( H'i<>. in 1853. lie was a shareholder in the Ohio Land Com- 


pany, and came to Ohio in 1795. He served as Justice of the 
Peace, Judge of the Quarter Sessions and Common Pleas in 
the North-western territory, was a member of the second 
Territorial Legislature, of the Convention which formed the 
first Constitution of Ohio, and several times a member of 
the State Legislature. He introduced, in the Convention of 
1802, the part of the Constitution of Ohio which prohibits 
slavery ; he presented the first bill to the Legislature to es- 
tablish a common school system, and was the prime mover in 
securing the adoption of the ad valorem system of taxation 
in Ohio. 

The book contains Judge Cutler's personal recollections of 
Governor St. Clair, Gen. Rufus Putnam, Lieutenant George 
Ewing, Captain Benjamin Brown, and others of the early 
settlers in the Ohio Company Purchase, with many interest- 
ing anecdotes concerning them. It gives his account of the 
proceedings of the second Territorial Legislature, and of the 
first Constitutional Convention, the most complete that has 
ever been published. A large portion of it is an autobiogra- 
phy ; the remainder has been prepared with great care from 
his journals and correspondence. 

Genealogy of the Dows or Dowse Family ; cloth. By 
Azro M. Dows, Lowell, Mass. 

This work is an illustrated Genealogy of ten generations 
of the Dows or Dowse family in America, dating from the 
immigrant ancestor, Lawrence Dowse, 1(342-1890. The 
work also includes a genealogy of the Masterman family, 
two branches of the Newman family, and many genealogical 
ines of other names by intermarriage. The lineal descend- 
ants of Lawrence Dows, the immigrant ancestor, numbers 
over 2000 names ; these are numbered consecutively, so that 
to follow the lineage is a very easy matter. The index cm- 
braces over 7000 persons, and, containing as it does both 
maiden and marriage names, includes all who are in any way 
mentioned in the work. The price of the book lias been 
fixed at $4.50. For sale by the author, A. M. Dows, 213 
Central St., Lowell, Mass. 


Battle-Fields of '61. By Willis J. Abbott. The 
initial volume of a History of the Land Forces in the War 
for the Union. 4to, cloth, with illustrations by W. C. 
Jackson, |3.00. Dodd, Meade & Co. 

Lovers of literature relating to the period of the Civil War 
will welcome Mr. Willis J. Abbott's new work, u Battle-Fields 
of '61 : A Narrative of the Military Operations of the War 
for the Union up to the End of the Peninsula Campaign." 
In the present volume the author rises to the dignity of his- 
tory, sketching in succinct form the causes and events which 
led to the terrible conflict between the States — the curse of 
slavery, the Missouri Compromise, the frightful excesses 
committed by the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in 
Bleeding Kansas, the Fugitive Slave law, John Brown's he- 
roic but insane attempt at Harper's Ferry, the election of 
Lincoln, the secession of South Carolina, the seizure of Fed- 
eral forts, the attack upon the steamer Star of the West, the 
bombardment and capitulation of Fort Sumter, Lincoln's 
call for troops, and the quick and patriotic response of the 
loyal North to the tocsin of national danger. The key-note 
of the volume may perhaps be best indicated by the following 
extract from the author's introduction: "LTnder the title 
'Battle-Fields of '61', I have tried to tell the story of the 
first period of this protracted struggle. In telling it I have 
ever kept in mind the fact that military genius and human 
bravery must always awaken admiration, even when enlisted 
in support of a cause which we may regard as eternally 
wrong. The march of time has put the Civil War and its 
causes far behind us. Let us recognize the sincerity and con- 
scientiousness of the men who drew the sword in support of 
the South, and accept the records of their valor, perseverance 
and uncomplaining endurance as a part of the glorious herit- 
age of the people of the United States." The work is 
printed on heavy white paper, handsomely bound, and con- 
tains a number of tine illustrations, besides several maps. — 
Buffalo Courier. 

English Records. 

MR. J. HENRY LEA, of Fairhaven, Mass., now engaged in Genea- 
logical Investigations in England, would be pleased to undertake 
searches for 


in the Probate Courts, Public Record Office, Parish Registers, &c, on 
Veky Moderate Terms. Address 


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per number, $2.40 per year, postpaid. Other Magazines 
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WITH Seven Heliotypes of Old Portraits and Buildings. Neatly 
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Old Corner Book SI ore, 283 Washington St., Boston, [Mass. 

See N. E. Hist. Gen. Register for Oct. 1888, for a description of this work. 

Rhode Island Historical and Genealogical Research. 

The undersigned having devoted the past ten years to the study of tin 
History of Rhode Island, particularly Newport County (Portsmouth 
Newport, .Jamestown, New Shoreham, Middletown, Tiverton and Littl< 
Compton), and having made copies of many ancient records relating t< 
Newport and the adjacent towns, offers his services, on moderate terms 
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Some Rare New England Literature 

We have in hand some rare back numbers of the New England Mac- 
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This affords an unusual opportunity for enriching your collection of 
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)e mentioned various cities, including Worcester, Lynn, and Lowell; 
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listed anil Genealogical Register, 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the 
scattered and decayed records of the 

Domestic,Civil, Literary, Religious and Political Life 

of the People of the United States, and par-. 

ticularly of New England, 

5 published quarterly by the New Eugland Historic Genealogical Socie- 
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i'res. Essex Institute, Salem. , Box 2713, Boston. 

rnUE REPUTATION FOR FINE WORK of every description 
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NOTES, QUERIES AND REPLIES. A Collection of Popular, His- 
torical, Biographical, Bibliographical and Antiquarian Chit-Chat 
relating to Wales and the Binders. 8vo. Cloth, gilt top, uucut, XL, 

."57S pp., post free. $3.50. 1888. 

250 Copies only Printed. 

A r mug its varied contents are Biographies of nigh one hundred Welsh- 
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writing*; Bibliographies of novels relating to Wale's County and Local 
Histories of Wales and Monmouthshire, Welsh Grammars and Dictiona- 
ries, and many other interesting facts for Welsh and Celtic scholars. 




New Youk. 


Vol. 1. 


No. 3 

loni&nts* #- 

ONE Line of Descent from Margaret Carr, of Newport, R. I. 

NOTES— Rhode Island and King Philip's War. Shotwell's Shorter Rule 
for the Computation and Verification of D ites. Ancestors. An En- 
graving of Paul Revere. 

QUERIES.— Historical.— A History of Boston, 1817. Capt. Nathaniel 
Nelson's Company. Copper Mines of Simsbury, Conn. Genealogi- 
cal. — Allen. Weir. Adams. Carr, Hartshorn, Wilkinson, Watson. 
Langford, Greene. Graves. Curtis, Marsh, Lord. Dana. Wilcox, 
Hazard. English, Inglish, Waters. 

ANNOUNCEMENTS.— Porter Family. Genealogical and Biographical 
Monographs. History of Palmer, Mass. Putnam Family. Drake 
Family. Lane Family. French Family. Paul Revere. 

FAMILY REUNIONS.— Descendants- of Rebecca Nourse. Boynton 

NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS.— The Republic of America. The 
New Englander and Yale Review. The Boston Transcript. The N. Y. 
Genealogical and Biographical Record. The Dedham, Mass , Histori- 
cal Register. n 

RECENT GENEALOGIES.— The McKean Family of Penn. The Pratt 
Family. The Descendants of William White of Haverhill, Mass. 
Thomas Cooper of Boston. The Wights. Pierce Family. 

BOOK NOTES.— History of Hancock, N. H. Annals of Trinity Church, 
Newport, R. I. An Examination of the English Ancestry of George 
Washington. The Hundredth Town. History and Proceedings of the 
Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association. Chronicles of the Pluna- 
sted Family. A Memorial of the American Patriots who fell at the 
Battle of Bunker Hill. The Sayings of Poor Richard. The Memoirs 
of Gen. Joseph Gardner Swift, U. S. A. History of Coggeshall, Essex 
Co., England. 



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Essex Co., Mass Records. 

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VOL.1. JULY, 1890. 

One Line of Descent from Margaret, Daughter of 
Robert Carr, of Newport, R. I. 

Contributed by Ambrose M. Sbotwell, Concord, Michigan. 

tOBERT 1 . CARR, 1614-81, of Newport, R. I., according 
to J. O. Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode 
Island, being about to start on a voyage to New York and 
New Jersey, made his will April 20, 1681, which was proved 
October 4, 1681, and which mentions, among other children, 
a daughter Margaret, giving to her certain items of property; 
but concerning her the Dictionary gives no further particu- 
lars. From records of the Society of Friends in New 
Jersey, however, and from other sources, the writer has 
gathered the following names, and he would be glad to 
register any additions to the genealogy of this (Hartshorn) 
branch of the Carr family- 
Margaret 2 Carr, b. — - — , d. , daughter of Robert 1 

and Carr of Newport, R. L, married 27tb of 9th month 

(Nov.) 1670, Richard Hartshorne, an eminenl Friend (or 
Quaker), of Middletown, Monmouth ,Co., N. J., b. L641, d. 
1722, son of William of Halhern in Leicestershire, England, 


and had certainly four children: (1) Hugh, (2) William, 

i 3 ) Sarah 3 b. -, d. , wife of Thomas Taylor, of 

whose descendants this synopsis gives one line, and all of 
whom here named, like most of their known relatives, are 
believed to have been birthright members of. the Society of 
Friends, although some of them afterwards connected them- 
selves with other religious bodies: they have generally been 
earnesl promoters of the various moral reforms of their times; 
(4) Catherine, b. 2d of 3d month (May), 1682, d. 1759, 
wife of Edward Fitz Randolph of Wooclbriclge, N. J., son of 
Nathaniel and Alary ( Ilolley ) Fitz Randolph. 

Thomas and Sarah 3 (Hartshorn) Taylor had certainly a 
daughter Anna 4 , who m. 24th of 11th month (January), O. 
S. 1743-4, John Webster of Woodbridge, N. J., b. 1718, son 
of William Jr., and Susanna (Cowperthwaite) Webster. 
There were probably other children. 

.John and Anna 4 ^Taylor) Webster of Middlesex Co., N. 
.1 . had iasue: — (1) William, b. 1744, d. 1763, unmarried; 
(2) Sarah, b. 1746-7, wife of Isaac Thorn of Woodbridge, N. 
J.; (3) Taylor, b. 1 748-9, m. Hannah Jackson, removed 
aboul 17',m; to Westland, Pa.: (4) John, b. 1750, m. Chris- 
tiana Vail; (5) Susannah b. 175b, wife of David Lenox of 
New York: < <i » Catherine 5 , b. 1756, d. 188d, m. 1772 Samuel 
Pound of Piscataway Tp., Middlesex Co., N, J.; (7) Hugh, 
b. L758, d. 1834, m. Sarah Moore, removed to Norwich, 0. 
W.; < 8 | Anna. b. L7G0, «!. 1*24. wife of Jacob Fitz Randolph 
m| Middlesex,< 'o., N. J. 

Samuel and Catherina 5 (Webster) Pound of Piscataway, 
v •'•• li el issue: | I ) Hugh 6 , b. 17To. removed 1808 to Far- 
mington, X. V., and there d. 1852, m. at Railway, N. J., 
I T94, Sarah, daughter of Nathan and Sarah (Moore) King; 
(-) Ann. i. I,. 1775, d. 1851, wife of .lediali Shotwell of 
Plaintield, N. -I.: , 3 , John, h. L779, d. 1832 in Lockport, N. 
^ •• '"■ ls,,:; Mice Smith: (4) Elizabeth, b. 17Si>, d. LS15, 
fiwl wife m| George Kobinson of Philadelphia; (5) William. 
»• 1T«4, d. 1857 in Erie Co., N. Y., m. (1st) Mary Vail and 


(2d) Abigail Shotwell; (6) Samuel D , b. 1786, d. 1840 at 
Plainfield, N. J., ra. Anne Laing. 

Hugh 6 and Sarah (King) Pound, of Piscataway and 
Farmington, N. Y., had issue;-(l) Edna C. 7 , b. 1796, d. 1872, 
m. 1813 Isaac Martin Shotwell of Farmington, N. Y., after- 
ward of Elba, N. Y., son of Richard 5 and Mary (Martin) 
Shotwell (of Benjamin 4 , John 3 , John 2 , Abraham 1 Shotwell of 
Elizabethtown and New York); (2) Nathan, b. 1798, d. 1882, 
m. Hannah G. Lane; (3; Asher, b. 1800, d. 1881, m. Mary 
Birdsall; (1) William, b. 1801, d. 1853, m. (1st) Betsey 
Warner, and (2d) Mary J. Goodell; (5) Jediah S., b. 1801, d. 
1882, m. (1st) Edith Laing and (2d) Prudence Shotwell; 
(6) Anna, b. 1807, cl. 1886, wife of Nathan Comstock of Far- 
mington, N. Y.; (7) Catherine Eliza, b. 1809, d. 1885, wife 
of Seth W. Bosworth of Rochester, N. Y.; (8) Sarah K., b. 
1813, d. 1832, wife of George Daily. 

Isaac and Edna C. 7 (Pound) Shotwell of Farmington and 
Elba, N. Y. had (1) Sarah P., b. 1814, died young; (2) Anna 
P., b. 1815, d. 1882, wife (1st) of Benjamin Hoag and (2d)of 
Stephen Dillingham of Elba, N. Y.; (3) Mary S., b. 1817, 
widow of John Reed of Perinton, N. Y.; (4) Isaac Martin Jr. 
of Batavia, N. Y., b. 1819, m. (1st) Elvira L. Scofield and 
(2d) Delia A. Mattice; (5) Amy, b. 1821, died unmarried; 

(6) Hugh Pound of Elba, N. Y., b. 1825, m. Hannah Haines; 

(7) Nathan 8 , b. 1826, removed with his family in 1868 from 
Genesee Co., N. Y. to Concord, Jackson Co., Mich., m. 1850 
Batbsheba Phebe (called Phebe B.) Gardner, daughter of 
George Washington and Diana (Berr} T ) Gardner of Elba, N. 
Y., and great-granddaughter of John and Mercy, or Mary, 
(Wilkinson) Gardner of Kings (now Washington) Co., R. L, 
Jeffrey and Bathsheba (Smith) Watson of the same, and 
Langford and Abigail (Thomas) Greene of Stephentown, N. 
Y.; (8) Sarah Edna, b. 1830, died unmarried: (9) David 
Benjamin, of Kalamazoo Co., Mich., b. 1833, m. (1st) Ada- 
liza J. Wilder and (2d) Marjery A. (McPherson) Mason; 
(10) Catherine E., b. 1836, died unmarried. 


Nathan 8 and Phebe B. (Gardner) Shotwell of Elba, N. Y. 
and Concord, Mich.,. had (1) Rozilla Phebe (called Lilla P.), 
I,. 1851; (2) Ambrose Milton of Concord, Mich., b. 1853— the 
w riter — is blind; he is engaged upon a genealogy of his New 
Jersey and Rhode Island ancestors and their descendants, 
and solicits information relative to the same. (3) Cassius 
Emmett of Concord, Mich., b. 1855, m. 1885 Edith Myrtle 
Briggs, and had a son, Owen B., b. 1886; (4) Ida Ann, b. 
1857, second wife of Prof. Jehiel K. Davis of Sioux Falls, S. 
Dakota; (5) Manby Nathan of Concord, Mich:, b. 1858, is a 
cripple, having little use of his hands, but writes by taking 
I Mil holder in his mouth, is his blind brother's chief asssistant 
in genealogical work. 


Rhode Island and King Philip's Wail — Roger Wil- 
liams and his colony lived on friendly terms with the 
natives, the Narragansett tribe of Indians. Such wars with 
the Indians as occasionally swept over the Rhode Island set- 
tlements woe generally occasioned by acts of injustice 
againsl the natives committed by people of the surrounding 
colonies, and, as a rule, only the outer edge of these Avar 
storms swept over the Rhode Island territory. As a result of 
their peaceful intercourse, the Rhode Island settlers became 
well a. miii. mil.., I vvith the manners and customs of the natives, 
and thej adopted certain of their practices, which to-day are 
recognized ;i> Rhode Island peculiarities. The "Johnny 
cake is a relic of the primitive style of Indian cookery, and 
n "i' "samp (.i Indian pudding is the same dish as the pot- 
tage the} called "nassaumb." The four colonies of Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Haven had a defensive 
alliance against the Indians, with whom they had occasional 
1 1 nubles. 


About 1(575, the chief of* the Wampanoag Indians. Kino- 
Philip, who lived at Mount Hope, near Bristol, then called 
Pokanoket, and who was a man of great sagacity, drew the 
attention of neighboring tribes to the fact that the white men 
were fast taking possession of the land, over which the In- 
dians had formerly been the only lords, and that while the 
white settlers were increasing in number the red men were 
decaying. He aroused a determination among the New Eng- 
land tribes to exterminate the English. In June, 1675, as 
the people of Swansea in Plymouth colony, Avere returning 
from church a sudden attack was made by some Indians 
upon them. The Indians had learned the use of firearms 
with considerable skill, and eight or nine of the inhabitants 
of Swansea were killed. The surrounding country was 
alarmed, and help came to the inhabitants from all quarters. 
Next day an attack was made upon the Indians, several of 
whom were killed. This resolute conduct awed the natives, 
and King Philip and his warriors tied from Mount Hope to a 
swamp in Poi-asset, now Tiverton, whither he Avas pursued 
by the white people. Philip, however, stole away during the 
night, and then followed a series of attacks upon settlements 
in all parts of Massachusetts, New Hampshire. Maine and 
Rhode Island. The Narragansetts, with whom Roger Wil- 
liams had always been friendly, were a most powerful tribe, 
and occupied a fort of great strength in Rhode Island. Ca. 
nonchet, known also as Nanuntenoo or Quananshett, was 
then the chief and the last sachem of the Narragansetts. In 
1670 the Indians visited Providence and nearly destroyed the 
whole of the north part of the town by tire, which was ;i sad 
affliction to the then poor and struggling colony. The white 
men, after subduing the Indians elsewhere, determined i<» 
break the power, of the Narragansetts, whose tort was built 
on a hill in the centre of a- swamp, and about three thousand 
Indians w-re located here. Two thousand white men 
marched against the fort, to which there was only one en- 
trance. This was accidentally discovered by the attacking 


party, who gallantly rushed in and were met by the Indians, 
who repulsed them, killing several of the English. Subse- 
quently the atta eking party were reinforced by some troops 
Prom Connecticut, who entered the fort on the opposite 
side. At the same moment the attack was vigorously re- 
oewed at the entrance. The Indians were now cut down 
with dreadful slaughter. The fort was taken and six hun- 
dred wigwams were set on fire and burned. More than one 
thousand Indians were killed and three hundred were taken 
prisoners. Canonchet, who, like Philip, was incessantly and 
bitterly hostile to the settlers, and could not be persuaded to 
surrender or betray his tribe, fought to the last. Irving 
wrote of hira: "The last scene of his life is one of the 
noblest instances on record of Indian magnanimity." When 
he was condemned to die, he said: 'T like it well; I shall 
die before my heart is soft, or I have said anything unworthy 
of myself." 

For nearly two years almost every part of New England 
was a scene of bloodshed. Though the Indians killed many 
white people, their own loss was much greater — in fact, they 
never recovered from the many reverses which they experi- 
enced. Though ten times as numerous as the white people, 
their power in New England was finally overthrown. Philip's 
death soon broughl the war to a close. He was found in a 
swamp near Mounl Hope, with several other Indians. Cap- 
tain Church, with a few while men, surrounded the swamp 
at night. When the morning came, Philip, perceiving that 
he could not escape, rushed toward the spot where some of 
'I"' white men lay. An English soldier leveled Ins gun, but 
11 missed fire. An hidian, who was of the party, took de- 
liberate aim and shot the chief through the heart. Thus fell 
,!l *- """' ' ' lehratcd of ill the Indian chiefs. From this time 
me Indians, finding further resistance vain, began to submit 
t° tlie Knglisli. riie struggle was continued for a time in 

M»i»*v. hut that a ended, and no general effort was ever 

after IIU ' 1 ''- "" lllr l*wt of the Indians, to subdue the Ena- 


lish. This war lasted for three years — from 1675 to 1678 
About six hundred white men were killed in the struggle, 
thirteen towns were destroyed, and six hundred dwelling- 
houses burned. These were dreadful losses to the poor 
colonists, but the unhappy Indians suffered still more. Their 
chiefs and their principal men were nearly all killed; their 
wigwams were burned; they were driven from their homes; 
and now, defeated and subdued, their situation was one which, 
may well excite our pity. From that period the Indians rap- 
idly diminished. Most of the tribes are now extinct, and a 
few hundreds are all that remain of a mighty people, that 
once threatened to drive our forefathers from this land. 

Shotwell's Shorter Rule for the Computation and 
Verification of Dates. — A. M. Shotwell of Concord, 
Mich., the blind annalist of the Shotwell family and connec- 
tions, gives the following direct and, convenient method of 
finding the day of the week answering to any given date 
since the Gregorian Calendar came into use: 

Add together the five numbers indicated below, and divide 
the sum by 7, noting only the remainder, whieh will repre- 
sent the required dry of the week, a remainder of 1 denoting- 
Sunday, 2 Monday, 3 Tuesday, . . Saturday; namely: — 
(I ) A centennial element, which for dates in years 1900 to 
1999 or 400 years earlier or later, is 1; that in years 1800 to 
1899, 3; 1700 to 1799, 5; 1600 to 1699, 7. (2) An annual 
element equal to the number denoted b}^ the two right-hand 
figures in the expression of the given year, as 90 for 1890, 
1790, etc. {'-V) A quadrennial element, one-fourth of the an- 
nual element, discarding any fraction that may arise in ob- 
taining it, as 22 for ytai-s 1888-1891. (4; A monthly element, 
being 1 for January, 4 for February, 4 for March, 7 tor April, 
2 for May, 5 for June, 7 for July, '6 for August, 6 for Septem- 
ber, 1 for October, 4 for November and 6 for December. But 
for January and February dates, in leap years subtract 1 from 
the monthly element as thus indicated. (5) A daily cle- 
ment, one less than the number denoting the day <>i the 


month; as, 2-1 for Christmas day, for New Year's clay, etc. 
Thus for May 30th, 1889, we have 3 -L-S9-f-22+2+(3u— 1) 
=145=(7x20)-|-5. o=Thursday. Again, for George Wash- 
ington's natal day, February 22, (N. S.) 1732, we have 
5+324-8-H4— 1) + (22— l)i=69:=(7x9)+6. 6= Friday. 
Four <>f the five numbers thus added are very easily found or 
remembered; but the more difficult monthly element may 
likewise be readily kept in mind by committing to memory 
the following mnemonic sentence, viz.: 

At Dover Dwelt George Brown, Esq.. Good Carlos Felt And 
David Friar; and letting the initial letter of each of these 
twelve words represent the number denoting its alphabetic 
order, A=l, B=2, (3=3, etc. This rule may be readily 
amended so as to apply also to Old Style dates, by adding 
the following clause to t lie mnemonic doggerel: 

But Earl E irtke't, or Fredericks Sire. Toward Yearsend 
knelt, 'neath Old Style Spire; thus giving for dates between 
January 1 and March 24 inclusive, B^=2 for January, E=5 
for February, E=5 for March in common vears and F=6 for 
March m leap years, since the Old Style year commonly began 
with .March 25th. But in O. S. reckoning, we must also em-' 
|>h>v ;i different centennial element, viz.: 2 for O. 8. dates 
in the years I700-T>9; 3 in L600- , 99; 4 in 1600-'99; 5 in 
U00-'99or 700 or lion years earlier, etc. Thus. George 


Washington was born February 11, 0. S. 1731, for which we 
liave 2 | :;i 7 5 | (11— 1 )=55= (7q)-f6. (^Friday. 

ANrKSTons.-. The number of a man's ancestors doubles in 

fven generation as his descent is traced upward. Inthefirst 

generation lie reckons onl\ two ancestors, his father and 

mother. In the second generation the two are converted 

*ince lie liad Iwo grandfathers and two grand- 

1 Ilrl ' 'ml , ' : " ■'' of these four had two parents, and thus in 

ll "' lMml generation there arc I' I to be eight ancestors 

at-grandparents. In the fourth generation 
the number of ancestors is Id: in the fifth, 32; in the sixth, 
li,; '" l| "' seventh, 128, In the tenth it has risen to 1024; 


in the twentieth it becomes 1,048,576; in the thirtieth no 
fewer than 1,073,741,834. To ascend no higher than the 
twenty- fourth generation we reach the sum of 16,777,216, 
which is a great deal more than all the inhabitants of Great 
Britain when that generation was in existence. For if we 
reckon a generation at thirty-three years, twenty-four of such 
will carry us back 792 years, or to A. D. 1003, when William 
the Conqueror had been sleeping in his grave at C?en for only 
six years, and his son, William II., surnamed Rufus, was 
reigning over the land. At that time the total number of the 
inhabitants of England could have been but little more than 
2,000,000, the amount at which it is estimated during the 
reign of the conqueror. It was only one-eighth of a nine- 
teenth century man's ancestors if the normal ratio of progres- 
sion, as just shown by a simple process of arithmetic, had re- 
ceived no check, and if it had not been bounded by the limits 
of the population of the country. Since the result of the 
law of progression, had there been room for its expansion, 
would have been eight times the actual population, by so 
so much the more is it certain that the lines of every English- 
man's ancestry run up to every man and every woman in the 
reign of William I. from the king and queen downward, who 
left descendants in the island, and whose progeny has not 
died out there. — Popular Science Monthly. 

The Bostonian Society was presented in 1 888 with a line 
etching — a reprint of an engraving by Paul Revere — said to 
be the only reprint extant of the Boston Massacre, which oc- 
curred March 5, 1770. At the head is this explanatory in- 
scription: "The Fruits of Arbitrary Power; or, the I>I<h><1\ 
Massacre, perpetrated in King street, Boston, by a party of 
the XXIX. Regt. In which Messrs. Sam Gray, Sain Mave- 
rick, James Caldwell, Crispus Attucks, Patrick Carr were 
killed. Six others were wounded, two of them (Christopher 
Monk and John Clark) mortally." 

In the right-hand corner, under the picture, is an emblem 
of death's head : and in the left-hand corner is another cm- 


blem representing 1 the lightning" and. two broken swords. At 
the bottom of the picture are some verses, full of patriotic 
fervor, w hose author's name is not given. After the verses 
comes the following further explanation: ''Boston massacre, 
March 5, 1770. ( English reprint of Paul Revere's engrav- 
ing.) SI lowing State street. Old State Mouse and First 
Church. The frame formerly belonged to Francis Rotch, 
Esq., owner of tea ships, December, 1773." — New England 
Magazim . 



54. I have in my possession a small book of 312 pages. 
The title page is gone, and I only know that it is a '-Descrip- 
tion of Boston" by the head-lines on the top of each page. 
Can you inform me of the name of the author? J. A. 

[The book mentioned is probably "A Topographical and 
Historical Description of Boston," from the first settlement of 
the town to the present period [181 7 J, with some account of 
its environs. By Charles Shaw, Esq. Published by Oliver 
Spear. Boston, 1817.] 

55. Where can I find a roll of Capt. Nathaniel Nelson's 
company, which was stationed at New Bedford, Mass., in 
June, 181 [' 

Charleston, S. C. NELSON. 

• ),; - Where can I find an aecounl of the old Copper Mines 
at Simsbury, Conn., which, in 1710, were worked and im- 
prove d? . • 

( 'hicat/Oi III. j j p 


Allkn.- Can anyone give me the date of marriage 
and death "' i; " l,; '" Allen, son of Joseph and Catherine 


(Leach) Allen of Manchester, Mass. He was born on May 
8, 1705. T. J. C. 

58. Weir.— Who were the parents of Nancy Weir, who 
married Daniel Allen, of Beverly, Mass., about 1790? 

C. R. Jones. 
. 59. Adams. — Capt. Samnel Adams commanded an Amer- 
ican Privateer which was blown up in an engagement with a 
British vessel June 28, 1776, the entire crew having been 
killed or drowned. His wife was a Ferris, and she had an 
only son, Samuel, born June 24, 1776, in New Bedford, 
Mass., who at the age of four years was adopted by Elias 
Cottrell, who lived either in Westerly, R. I. or Stonington, 
Conn., and was (it is said) a wheelwright. Capt. S. A. 
is said to have been one of six brothers [one of whom was 
Henri/'] who all served in the Revolution. Samuel, Jr.' 
after his adoption by Cottrell, saw his mother but once and 
never knew her Christian name or what became of her. This 
is, briefly, the strange story which comes to me and its cor- 
rectness is vouched for mainly. Query. Who were the 
parents of Capt. Samuel Adams, where did they reside, and 
what were the names, etc., of their other children? It seems 
probable from what I can learn that they were a Rhode Island 

Washington, I). 0. Nelson D. Adams. 

60. Carr, Hartshorn, Wilkinson, Gardner, Wat- 
son, Langford, Greene. — I desire data concerning Marga- 
ret, daughter of Robert 1 Carr of Newport, and wife of Rich- 
ard Hartshorn of Middle town, N. J., and her children and 
grandchildren. I also solicit information (not given in Mr. 
Austin's two principal works) respecting descend ants of 
George 1 Gardner of Newport, John 1 Watson of N. Kingston n< 
Samuel 3 Wilkinson of Providence, b. 1674, Thomas 1 Lang- 
ford of E. Greenwich, and James 2 Greene of Warwick. 1 <*»-« >- 
98, for use in proposed Genealogies of my Quaker ancestors 
and their descendants. 

Box 195, Concord, Jackson Co., Mich. A. M. Shotwell. 


61. Graves Family. — Can anyone give information as 
to where John Graves, one of the early settlers of Concord, 
Mass., about 1640, and his son Benjamin, born 1646, 
removed to about 1680. A grandson Benjamin, born 
1676, removed to Colchester, Conn, from New London, 1709. 
Is it known what relation John of Concord was to Admiral 
Thomas Graves of Charlestown, Mass.? Abraham, son of 
John, who removed to Andover, Mass., is sometimes errone- 
ously .spoken of as brother of the Admiral. 

62. Curtis, Marsh, Lord. — I wish to find Curtis de- 
scendants from Josiah and Abigail Curtis of Stratford, Conn., 
or Stamford, Conn., in the early part of the last century. 
Also descendants from or information about Dr. Jonathan 
Marsh, who was at Norwich, Conn., about 1750; and de- 
scendants from or information about Rev. Benjamin Lord, of 
Norwich. Conn., who died there about 178-'. 

- s '' Gates Avenue, Brooklyn, A r . Y. Edward Hooken. 

63. Dana. — Who were the parents of the Mary and Eunice 
Dana who married as follows: Mary married ( 1 ) in Cam- 
bridge, Mass., April 24, 173~>, Thomas Harris of Charlestown 
as his third wife; he died October 5, 1747, in his b4th year. 
She married (2) May 17, 1748. John Brewster of Boston. 
Eunice married November 9, 1749, Eleazer Dowse of 
charlestown, Mass., and died September 18,1764. They 
bad ;i nephew . I )ainrl I >ana. 

\')'2 ///•■////, St., Cambridge, Moss. E. C. Dana. 

,; i Wilcox, II vzard.— Edward 8 Wilcox (Stephen 2 , Ed- 
ward 1 ) married foi his lirst wife his cousin, the daughter of 
Unbelt- Hazard (Thomas 1 ). Wha1 was her first name? 

■" "' ! '> Jl '•«/, \Ll*x. \i.\x GttEKNE H ULING. 

Ii; *- En<jusii, Inclish, \\ vteks. Richard Waters died 

Salmi, Mass., hi.7. Who were the parents of bis wife 

^ '"' were tin- parents and grandparents of Clement 

I ulisli, of Salmi, Mass., who died 1682? Who were tne 

paivnts and grandparents of Richard English and wife Mary? 


He was born about 1687 and .she about 1689. He was "of 
Newport," R. I., 1717, but removed immediately after to 
Lebanon, now Columbia, Conn., where the births of their six 
children are recorded 171 8-172i», viz.: John, Mary, Han- 
nah, Abigail, Sarah, Hannah. Tradition says Richa rd was a 

Elgin, III. John B. New< :< >\i b 




Porter Family. — It is proposed to publish, as earl} 
possible, a complete genealogy of the descendants of John 
Porter, of Windsor, Conn., from England, 1638-9, with brief 
accounts of families allied by marriage. 

There are few of the prominent early settlers of this coun- 
try that are not so allied; their names, too numerous to be 
given in a brief prospectus, are traced to the earliest Ameri- 
can ancestor. 

The Avork will form two volumes of about five hundred 
pages each. It has occupied man}' years of research, and a 
vast amount of labor has been expended in its compilation, 
and its publication has entailed a large expenditure. 
It is printed on heavy laid paper, and on new type- 
Only a limited number has been printed, and the price has 
been placed to cover barely the cost of publication. 

The price of a single copy of the book will be. in cloth, 
$10; in paper, $15. Two copies $25. 
Pages 840 to 850, with three indexes. 

Henry P. Andrews, 
P. Portee Wiggins. 
Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Genealogical and Biographical Monogr mm is. — The 
undersigned are "privately" printing a series of genealogical 


and biographical monographs, on the families of McCurdy, 
Mitchell, Lord, Lee, Marvin, Lynde, Digby, YVilloughby, 
Griswold, Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson and Diodati; 
with notes on the Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, De- 
Wolf, Drake, Clarke, Newdigate, Hoo, Swayne, Bond and 
Dunbar families. It is not a mere collection of names and 
dates, but a book of family-history, as well as a genealogical 
record; full of new facts, obtained in this country and 
abroad; a work of great and ever increasing interest to pres- 
ent and future generations of these families and their allies; 
and also valuable to genealogists and other antiquaries gen- 
erally. The monographs will fill one thousand pages or 
more, in three volumes, large 4to; including about thirty full 
chart-pedigrees, on bond paper, together with classified in- 
dexes of family names. 

The edition consists of three hundred copies, two hundred 
and fifty on large paper, bound in beveled boards, cloth, gilt 
tops, with the pedigrees bound separately; and fifty copies on 
somewhat larger paper, bound with the pedigrees, uncut. Of 
these all the copies on larger paper, and more than half of the 
others, have been disposedof. The remainder of the edition 
|- offered for the present at $18 a copy. A few copies of the 
pedigrees, bound separately, without the text, may be ob- 
tained at $8 for the set-the expenseof these being large in pro- 
portion. In these prices, which area little below the estima- 
ted cosl "i printing and binding, no account is made of great 
expenses incurred by us in the collection of materials for the 
work, during mairj years, in this country and in Europe; nor 
"l the Labor oi composition and preparation tor the press. 

Afti r th, completion of the work these price* will be raised to 

m W sii hs,-r lit /-s. 

Of the text (without pedigrees or indexes) the second vol- 
umeand ahem half of the first are already printed, and it is 
Imped that the whole work will be finished within the next 

SIN in. ail hs. 

^ ,1 "' expenses are large, and draw constantly on us. 


.payment in advance, if convenient to subscribers, will be very 

Edward Elbridge Salisbury, 
or Mrs. E. E. Salisbury, 

New Haven, Conn. 

History of Palmer, Mass. — The History of Palmer, 
Mass., from 1716 to 1889, by J. H. Temple, will be issued 
soon. This work, which has been in preparation for several 
years under the careful handling of an author well known for 
his extensive writings on local history, has just been pub- 
lished, and is now for sale, It is a book of 602 pages, 8vo., 
is illustrated with four maps and twenty-four engravings. 

Full accounts are given of the settlement, organization and 
progress of the town, of all our churches, our schools, our 
industrial, mercantile, and financial enterprises; of the growth 
of our several villages, as centres of manufacturing activity. 
The proprietary history is full and complete. This part of 
the work is illustrated by a map drawn by Mr. E. 13. Gates, a 
life-long resident of the town, which gives the names and lo- 
cation of all the first settlers; to many this department alone 
will be worth the price of the book. 

The part which Palmer took in the Revolution is one of 
which few towns can boast, as her declaration of independence 
antedates that of Congress by some days, an account of which 
is recorded, and a fac-simile given. 

The book contains a full list of the Soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion and the Rebellion; of the secret and other societies, col- 
lege graduates, lawyers, doctors, ail town officers, and high 
school teachers. A full list of all tax payers of 18*9 and 
amount of tax is given. 

A genealogical register of the older families and a portion 
of the more recent ones is given, which has been the work of 
several years. Altogether it is a work in which all sons and 
daughters of Palmer will be interested, as well as other.-. 
from whom orders are respectfully solicited. 

The price of the book in cloth is -f4.00. 


All orders should be senl to O. P. Allen, Palmer, Mass. 
W. H. Stowe, ) 

O. P. Allen, | Committee. 

H. E. W.Clarke, ) 

Putnam V A m i ly. — VV e announced in the January number 
i liM Mr.Eben Putnam of Boston had in preparation a history 
of the Putnam family in England and America. The work 
has so far advanced that we are enabled to give, more in 
detail, .some lads concerning it. It will be issued in parts, 
wil li numerous engravings. 

Mr. Putnam for man} years has been engaged in obtaining 
materials for a. history of the Putnam family, both in America 
and England, where the family was of considerable antiquity. 
Having bad access to the papers of Col. Perley Putnam, Dr. 
Dana l>. Putnam, Dr. Alfred P. Putnam, and others, beside 
his o\\ n exceedingly complete collection, he has been able to 
gather and arrange a vast amount of genealogical, biographi- 
cal and historical matter relating to this well known Ameri- 
ca n fa mil v. 

There will be over thirty illustrations, comprising the old 

homesteads in Dan vers and vicinity, and more than twenty 

portraits of noted members of the family; also, colored plates 

showing the coat-armor used by the various English and 

Vmerican families. 

A ma i L ci I I'cai inv of i his work will be the chapter on he- 
reditary characteristics, compiled from returns of nearly five 
hundred families. The pari which the family have taken in 
our wars will be dwell upon at considerable length. There 
will he chapters devoted to the ecclesiastical, the civil, the 
scientific and the pioneer history of the family. The chap- 
ters relating to the earh history of the family, both in Eno-- 
land and America, have been prepared at much cost; the 
I rlish records having been thoroughly searched for evi- 
dence, and references will be given for all statements. 

Wr. Putnam has borne the full cost of preparing the MSS., 
collecting the materials, etc., etc., and now offers the results 


to the family, provided enough subscriptions are obtained to 
pay for the bare cost of the manufacture and delivery of the 

Drake Family.— A genealogy of the descendants of 
Thomas Drake, of Weymouth, Mass., who died 1(392, is being- 
prepared by Rev. W. L. Chafflin, of North Easton, Mass. 

Lane Family.— Kev. Jacob Chapman of Exeter and the 
Rev. James H. Fitts of South New Market, N. H., have un- 
dertaken to arrange and complete for the press, the records of 
the Lane family, which were collected by Dea. Edmund J. 
Lane and the Rev. James P. Lane, both deceased. 

French Family.— Prof. Dwinel French Thompson, of 
Lansingburgh, N. Y., has been engaged for many years in 
collecting facts relative to his ancestors, which he will soon 
publish. He is a descendant of Edward French of Salis- 
bury, Mass. 

Paul Revere. — A prospectus has been issued lyy the J. 
G. Cupples Co. of Boston, for a work entitled "Paul Revere, 
Patriot, Artist and Mechanic." By Elbridge Henry Goss. 
It will be published in two volumes. The work will contain 
many reproductions of curious and obsolete cuts, including 
many of Paul Revere's own caricatures and engravings exe- 
cuted by photogravures, etchings and wood cuts. The work 
will be a small 8vo., an edition of 600 copies tastefully print- 
ed on a specially made paper and handsomely bound. The 
price will be $6.00 for the set. 


family Reunions. 

Descendants of Rebecca Nourse. — A reunion of the 
descendants of Rebecca Nourse will be held on Wednesday, 
July 30, 1890, at the old homestead, Tapleyville, Danvers, 
Mass., Mr. Calvin Putnam, the present owner, kindly placing 
the grounds at the disposal of the party. 

Since the last meeting" an endowment fund of one hundred 

g 2 \ i : W E N ( i I. A N 1 > NOTES AND QUERIES. 

dollars has been placed with the treasurer of the town of Dan- 
vers, the interest of said sum and of such sums as may be 
added thereto to be used for the care of the cemetery and its 
appurtenances. It is now wished to raise a fund (already 
started) to place near the monument a granite tablet, on 
which are to be inscribed the names of the forty men and 
women, who, at the risk of their own lives, endeavored to 
preserve hers. 

Bovnton Convention.— The eighth annual reunion of the 
Boynton, Boyington and Byington families will be held at 
the Willows Pavilion, Salem, Mass., on Wednesday, August 
6. Business meeting at 10 a. m. 


Hetpspctpers anb pertobicals. 

The Republic of America devotes that part of its space 
not occupied by articles of interest to the descendants of the 
Revolution, to matters of general interest, connected with the 
public and business affairs in the republic in which we live : 
bul it is strictly non-partisan, and every effort will be made 
to keep it free from party politics, entertaining, dignified, and 
suitable for circulation both North and South, as well as East 
and West. Its services in behalf of the movement for the 
foundation of societies of descendants of the Revolution, and 
its enterprise in obtaining and printing verbatim reports of 
the meetings and banquets of State and National orsrani- 
zations, have finally won for the paper the following compli- 
menl from the Board of Manar/ers of the National Society, 
Son* of the American Revolution, at their meeting in New 
York City, March 31, 1890: 

"The National Roard of Managers of the National Society 
"' the Sons ol the American Revolution, being of the opinion 
thai tin interests of the Order throughout the country would 
be promoted h\ publication ol the news of State Societies 
111,1 "! accurate and complete reports of the annual and spe- 
cial meetings, and by discussions of the historical, literary 


and patriotic objects of the Sods of the American Revolution, 
do hereby designate The Republic of America, published 
at 53b' Pearl street, in New York city, as the official newspa- 
per for this purpose of the National Society, — it being agreed 
by the editor of said paper (who is a descendant of a Revolu- 
tionary ancestor, and a member of the New York Society 
the Sons of the Revolution) that the paper shall be con- 
ducted strictly on a non-partisan basis and in a manner in 
harmony with the character of the paper as a Society organ." 
Published at 53 J Pearl street, New Y r ork, N. Y. 

The New Englander and Yale Review.— The New 
Englander and Yale Review is a Literary Magazine, published 
monthly in New Haven, and conducted in the interest of 
good letters and sound scholarship, without attempting sen- 
sationalism of any kind. Each number contains criticisms of 
current literature, and the Review holds itself free to discuss 
any question of public interest pertaining to sociological, po- 
litical, philosophical or theological science. 

The Review is thoroughly- national in its character, as is 
indicated by its very title. New England is too small, geo. 
graphically, to have sectional interests of any kind separate 
from those of the whole country. New England, and espe- 
cially Connecticut, has been the Mother of States, and enter- 
tains sympatlry and warm affection for all the other States — 
North, South, East, and West — in each one of which her sons 
are to be found in eveiy city and town, from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific. The homes of her children are so wide-spread 
that the interests of the whole country will ever be her inter- 
ests. Yale, too, has been known for a century as the 
"National" institution of learning. Thirty-six of the forty- 
three States of the Union are to-day represented on her 
"campus" among her students. More than a dozen other 
colleges have furnished from among their graduates the men 
who fill chairs of instruction within her walls. Scores of her 
own graduates occupy chairs of instruction in other colleges. 
The New Englander and Yale Review is therefore pledged to 
represent the best thought of New England and of Yale, in 


the same broad, healthy, and intellectually and spiritually 
athletic spirit which have always characterized both. 

The New Englander and Yale Review is published by 
William L. Kingsley, New Haven, Conn., at #4 per annum. 

The Boston Teansceipt. — The Saturday evening edition 
of the Transcript is furnished to those who wish to obtain the 
Notes and Queries, which that paper has so long published 
at $1.50 per annum. Many interesting historical and genea. 
Logical items are furnished for this department. 

I in; New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for July is an interesting number. The biographi- 
cal sketch, accompanied by a portrait, of the late Henry B. 
Daw sun. tells the story of one who did much during a long 
and useful life in rescuing many matters of interest from ob- 
livion, relating to our Revolutionary heroes. Among the 
many articles of interest which this number contains are let- 
ters by Col. Thomas Westbrook, written in the summer of 
1723, with notes by Mr. \Y. B. Trask; sexton books of the 
firsl church, Elizabeth, N., J.: the genealogical articles upon 
the Banks family, by Dr. C. E. Banks, U. S. Navy: the Aller- 
ton family, by Mr. I. J. Greenwood: and the Nicholas 
Browne family of Reading, by one of the descendants, Mrs. 
Harriet Harrison Robinson. The Genealogical Gleanings in 
England, by Henry F. Waters, are full of new and fresh in- 
formation of the English ancestry of. the pioneers of 
A merica. 

I I"- New' York Genealogical and Biographical 
Recohd for Jul) contains an article-on Major General John 
Patersnn, h\ William Henry Lee; Inscriptions in the Grave- 
yard at Morgan Manor, South Amboy, X. J.; Records of the 
Reformed Dutch Church in the City of New York: The Van- 
VViigeiieii family, l>\ Gerritl II. Van Wagenen ; The lTuyn. 
family . Notes and Queries, etc., etc. 

The Dkdh \m. \l vss., Historical Register for July is a 
g ' "' "'• Illustrated article, on the Townsend house, 


Needham, Dedham and Dorchester boundary line, and the 
old chestnut tree, Dedham, form the leading articles. The 
Ames diary; Births, Franklin, Mass.; and Epitaphs at Need- 
ham are continued. 


Heccnt (Sencaloaicf. 

Genealogy oe the McKean Family of Penn., by Rot> 
erdean Buchanan, pp. *286, 82, to be had of the author, at 
The Clarendon, Washington, D. C. 

The Pratt Family. — A Genealogical Record of Matthew 
Pratt, of Weymouth, Mass., and his American Descendants, 
1623-1888. Boston, 1889. 8vo. pp. 226. 

The Descendants of William White of Haverhill, 
Mass. — Genealogical notices by Daniel Appleton White, 
1863. Additional Geneological and Biographical Notices, 
by Annie Frances Richards; together with Portraits and 
Illustrations. American Printing and Engraving Company, 
Boston, Mass., 1889. 8vo., pp. 80. 

Thomas Cooper of Boston and his Descendants, by Fred- 
erick Tuckerman, Boston. David Olapp & Son, 18U0. 8vo. 

A Sketch of the Eliot Family, by Walter Graeme 
Eliot. New York, 1887. pp. 157. 

The Ancestry and Times of Hon. Henry Hastings 
Sibley, LL. D, First Governor of Minnesota. By 
Nathaniel West, D. D , St. Paul, Minn. 1889. 8vo. pp. 596. 

A Genealogical Record of the Families of Spof- 
ford, Spafford and Spaford, descendants of John Spol- 
forcl and Elizabeth Scott, who emigrated in l«'» : >-> from York- 
shire, England, and settled at Rowley, Mass. By Dr. Jere- 
miah Spofford of Groveland, Mass. Boston, l sss - «vo., pp. 


The Wights.— A record of Thomas Wight, of Dedham 
and Mr, Kid,!, and of Ins descendants 1635-1890. By Wil- 
liam Ward Wight. Milwaukee, 1890. pp.357. 

PlERCK Family. — No. IV. A record of the posterity of 
Capt. Michael, John and Capt. William Pierce, who came 
from England. By Frederick C. Pierce of Rockford, 111.. 
Albany, N. i\, 1889. pp. 411. 


3oof Tiotcs. 

[Publishers and authors wishing notices in this department 

should send copies of their publications to R. H. Tilley, 

Newport, R. I.] 
History of Hancock., N. H., 1764-1889. By William 

Willis Haywood, Lowell, Mass., 1889. 2 vols, in one. 

Price #5.00. 

At the celebration of the centennary of the town of Han- 
cock. X. H., held September 17, 1879, "A desire was mani- 
fested, on the part of those present, that a history of the town 
should be prepared." Rev. Mr. Haywood was engaged to 
carry ou1 the desire of the meeting, and, as a result of his 
labors, we have an excellenl work. The book is divided into 
two parts. Pari First contains "291 pages, which are devoted 
i" the history <>l the town. The remainder of the volume is 
devoted to biographical and genealogical sketches. The book 

illustrated l>\ about fifty portraits, besides many plans and 

\ li'W 

Annals of I'immm Church, Newport, R. L, 1698-1821. 
I»\ George Cliamplin Mason. pp. 358. Edition 350 
enpies. Newport, L890. For sale by George Carr, book- 

ller, \>\\ port, II. I. #3.00. 
" Ibis volume," as the compiler says in his preface, "pre- 
pared as inn.' and opportunity offered, is a transcript of the 
records oJ Trinity Church, Newport, R. I., from its infancy 


at the close of the seventeenth century down to Easter Mon- 
day, 1821, and covers the most interesting periods in its his 
tory. With the text, Avhieh is given with fidelity, there are 
copious explanator}^ notes and short sketches of the men who, 
in their day and generation, were in some way connected 
with the church." 

This church was formed about the year 1698. The name 
of the Rev. Mr. Lockyer appears as the first clergyman, 
though but little is known of his ministry. The first house 
of worship was erected in 1702, whieh in 1725 gave way to 
the present edifice. From this time on Mr. Mason gives a 
faithful transcript of the records, including the meetings of 
the vestry. The index of names given in the book numbers 
750. It is unfortunate that Mr. Mason concludes his labor 
with the year 1821, as the history of the church since that 
time has been an interesting one. The book is Avell printed 
and contains many illustrations, fac-similes of documents, au- 
tographs and other interesting papers. 

An Examination of the English Ancestry of George 
Washington. By Henry F. Waters, A. M., Boston . 
Printed for the New England Historic Genealogical So- 
ciety- 1889. 8vo, pp. 54. 

Mr. Waters, as our readers will probably remember, has 
given from time to time many sound proofs of indefatigable 
and successful literary research, and his recent Examination 
of the English Ancestry of George Washington is a striking 
addition to the number. The subject is one upon which it 
would gratify us to enlarge. But want of space forbids ; and 
as the object specially in view is to recommend to others a 
careful study of the paper, and not ourselves to enter into 
particulars, wd think that \w eamot carry out our purpose 
more effectively than by quoting the words of a well-known 
writer: "Some time ago I sent a short account of Col. Ches- 
ter's researches, which, after all his immense labor, failed t«> 
connect the John and Lawrence (Washington) of Virginia, 
the first emigrants, with their English ancestors: and ex- 


pressed a fear that where Col. Chester had failed we could 
hardly hope that anyone else would succeed. But, happily, 
my fears were vain; and Mr. Waters, after immense efforts, 
has fastened on to the chain the missing link. Assumption 
and guessing, the besetting sins of the common pedigree- 
hunter, are utterly abjured by him; and his paper, communi- 
cated to the New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter (October, 1889), and since separately republished, is a 
pattern of perseverance and skill." 
The Hundredth Town. By Harriette Merrifield Forbes, 

Boston. Estes & Lauriat. $1.25. 

"If very many local histories were equal in interest to 
"The Hundredth Town/" by Harriette Merrifield Forbes, we 
should ;iU stop j reading novels for a time and solace our- 
selves with a new and delightful sort of literature. Westbo- 
rough in the hundredth town of which we get such attractive 
glimpses in Mrs. Forbes' animated chronicle, the title refer- 
ring to its order of incorporation. Indian legends and tradi- 
tions, anecdotes with regard to the early settlers, and roman- 
tic details concerning the old roads and taverns of the town,, 
fill three chapters, and are made fresh and piquant by the 
graceful manner in which Mrs. Forbes relates them. But the 
choicesl pari of the book is the chapter on "The Minister's 
Family.'' The minister was the Rev. Ebenezer Parkman, 
who, then a young man fresh from harvard, settled in West- 
borougli with Man Champney, his newly-wedded wife, in 
the year 17 17. Mrs. Forbes lias had the good fortune to be 
able i" make use ol the journals of this amiable and upright 
ih.mi-.mmI the quotations she gives from them are not only 
immensely valuable for the light they throw upon ways of 
living a < mi in \ and three-quarters ago, but are in themselves 
iiuitiiin For the revelation the) afford of a delightful per- 
sonality. Hen- is one entrance recorded as a ^Special Reso- 

••T" return or |u\ for the books I have some time ago bor- 
rowed .mhI negligently and unjusth retained for some years 


from ye owners ytf: at those times proposing to buy ym, but 
to this Day have omitted it, by which I have involved myself 
in the Guilt of Unrighteousness." 

Here is the story of Mr. Parkman's courtship of Mrs. Han- 
nah Breck, who became his second wife : 

"March 19, 1736. a. m. to Dr. Gott's, but a short space with 
Mrs. Hannah. At my request she had (she assured me) 
burnt my letters, poems, &c. 

"March 25. I spent the afternoon at Dr. Gott's. . . . 
Mr. Hovey there with a Bass Viol. N. B. Mrs. H— h B— k 
at ye Drs. Still. Our Convers'n of a piece w'th w't it used 
to be. I mark her admirable Conduct, her Prudence & wis- 
dom, her good manners and her distinguishing Respectfull- 
ness to me which accompany her Denyals. 

"April 1. At Eve I was at Dr. Gott's. Mrs. H h was 

thought to be gone up to Mr. Week's or Capt. Williams with 
Design to lodge there, but she returned to ye Doct'r and she 
gave me her Company till it was very late. Her conversation 
was very friendly and with divers Expressions of Singular 
and Peculiar Regard. Memord'm Oscul.: But she cannot 
yield to being a stepmother. — I lodged there and with gr't 
satisfaction and composure." 

When his daughter Mary was married Mr. Parkman made 
a list of the articles in her wedding outfit. It included W T 
Feather Bed new Tick," valued at 10s., k -7i yds. Garlix at 
lis." and "2 pairs of Cotton and Linen Sheets (worn)." The 
value of the whole outfit was a little over four hundred and 
forty-four pounds. Mrs. Forbes has also made use of the 
memorandum books of Dr. H awes, the town physician, and 
has thus brought to light significant facts with regard to the 
medical practices of early days. The doctor's essay on ^im- 
agination" is well worth having. There are chapters on Legal 
practices, on popular folk-lore, on Stephen Maynard and his 
neighbors, and on social customs. Through the whole narra- 
tive the Rev. Ebenezer Parkman is constantly appearing, 
and always to the pleasure and edification of the reader. 
This entry from his journal closes the volume: 

"Went to Widow Bakers, ace. to Mr. Andrews's request. 


I married y'm. Supped and we sing Watts' Ps. 128. 6 

1 In "6 I) ill" is of course the wedding fee. — Boston Bea- 

History and Proceedings of the Poclmttjck Valley 
Memorial Association. 1 870—1879. 8vo. pp. 510. 
Vol. 1. 1890, Deerfield, Mass. 

This volume from the old historic town of Deerfield is filled 
with good reading. The proceedings of the early meetings 
of the Memorial Association are given with commendable 
fullness, and the papers read to the Association from time to 
t Line are printed at length. 

Chronicles of the Plumsted Family, with some family 
Letters. By Eugene Devereux. 8vo. pp. 168. Philadel- 
phia, 1890. 

This genealogy, about one-half of which is devoted to fam- 
ily letters, chiefly written to Mrs. Gore by Mrs. Elliot and 
her daughter soon after the Revolution, is full of facts which 
make works of this kind valuable. The Plumsted family 
were connected by marriage with many of the most prominent 
families of New Y~ork and Pennsylvania. 

A Memorial of the American Patriots Who Fell at 
nii Battle of Bunkek Hill, June 17, 1775. With an 
accounl of the dedication of the Memorial Tablets on Win- 
throp Square, Charlestown, June 17. 1889, and an Appen- 
dix rontsiiniiip illustrative papers. 8vo, pp. 274. Boston, 
I'WJ. Printed l>\ order of the City Council. 

I'liis handsome volume opens with a "View of Memorial 

I ablets from Winthrop Square, looking North," and contains 

inn, i.,. i, Mil,,. i illustrations of great value. Trumbull's view 

ol cii.u I.-imw i, n, it;;, is , im , f ,| l( . mos | interesting and 

ive ol these. The quaint picture of the town of Bos- 

,M " u Breed's Hill in Charlestown, and the views of the 

rount ry around Boston, taken from lieacon Hill in 177o, are 
wt'rinoiis in themselves. The exercises at the dedication of 


the Bunker Hill tablets are chronicled, and the oration by 
Hon. John R. Murphy, remarks by Mayor Thomas N. Hart, 
the ode by Thomas W. Parsons, and the anniversary sermon 
by Rev. Edward M. Taylor, are printed in full. The latter 
said: "Few traits of human nature are more beautiful than 
that sentiment of gratitude and thanksgiving that accompa- 
nies the intellectual appreciation of great historic events, 
where the men of the past have measured up to duty, and 
left, as the results of their courage and sacrifice, choice bless- 
ings for posterity ; turning-points in history are always 
places for profound meditations." In referring to the great 
political risks taken by the men of the Revolution, the 
learned divine said : "While we never weary of the encomi- 
ums pronounced over the heroes of the Revolution, who made 
up the rank and file of that army, the leadership of educated 
and well-developed men in those days affords a very profita- 
ble field of study. The successful weaving of the principles 
of liberty into the fabric of this great republic was accom- 
plished by educated statesmanship as well as indomitable 
soldier courage." The appendices to the volume are like the 
minister's postscripts, longer than the work itself, containing 
sketches of the battle, the history of the Bunker Hill monu- 
ment, Webster's orations at the laying of the corner stone in 
1825, and at the completion of the monument in 1843, and 
the beautiful poem, "Grandmother's Story of Bunker Hill 
Battle as She Saw it from the Belfry." — Magazine of Amtri- 
can History. 

The Sayings of Poor Richard. Being Prefaces, Prov- 
erbs and Poems of Benjamin Franklin, originally printed 
in Poor Richard's Almanacs for 1783-175.8. (No. XXVII] 
in the Knickerbocker Nugget Series.) Collected and 
edited by Paul Leicester Ford. 

In the delightful essay on the history of the almanack in 
general, and of "Poor Richard's Almanack" in particular, 
with which Mr. Paul Leicester Ford prefaces his edition of 
Ben Franklin's celebrated literary production, we arc stunk 


by the resemblance whirl) exists between the modern news- 
paper and tint popular institution of "ye olden time" of 
which Poor Richard was such a brilliant exponent. Before 
the newspaper became the universal medium of information, 
the almanack was to the masses the source of general 
knowledge — fact, fancy and philosophy being furnished 
by its fertile pages. It has practically passed away 
now, or rather, its eclectic character has deteriorated, 
a nd it possesses at the present day but one notable 
function, that of giving information about the weather. Nev- 
erthel ess, though the genius almanack is departed, Poor 
Kichard's Almanac remains, rich in its rare wisdom, its va- 
ried information, and in Adisonian charm of expression. It 
is safe to say that it never will become obsolete. It is one of 
the must precious relies of our early American literature. 
Those young readers who have not made its acquaintance 
—and yel no one can really be said not to know it, for it has 
enriched our language with many a familiar proverb — could 
not read it in more agreeable form than that in which it ap- 
pears as a Knickerbocker Nugget, printed in good type, on 
good paper, and in that inviting dress with which all the 
Knickerbocker* are clothed.— Boston Traveller. 
The Memoirs of Gen. Joseph Gardner Swift, U. S. A., 

i" which is added a Genealogy of the Descendants of 

Thomas Swift of Dorchester, 1634. By Harrison Ellery, 

Worcester, 1800. 

( )||r oJ the mosl energetic and painstaking of our younger 
l " ,;li genealogists. Mr. Harrison Ellery, lias recently complet- 
ed a \\<>iL ujMii, which he has been for a Long time occupied 

"The MtMiinii> ..I Genera] Joseph Gardner Swift, U. S. A., 

'" « lm-1" is added a Genealogy of the I descendants of Thomas 

I "I Dorchester, 1 •'.: I .'" ,,!,, I which is now privately 

• ■d h>r subscribers. The memoirs arc autobiographical i 

unl rover the period from 1800 to 186"). General Swift was 

1 " I783iu Nantucket, where his father was settled as a 

sieian. He entered Weal Point as a cadet when he was 


seventeen. He was graduated two years later, and was pro- 
moted to second lieutenant of the corps of Engineers. As 
captain of Engineers lie had general supervision of the de- 
fences of the northeastern coast in 1808-10, and in the same 
years was superintending engineer of the fortifications on the 
Georgia and Carolina coasts. In 1812 he was chief engineer 
of the United States army on the St. Lawrence river, and in 
1813-14 superintended the construction of the fortifications 
of New York harbor. In 1818 he resigned his position in the 
army, and retired to civil life. His appointmeut as surveyor 
of the port of New York immediately followed, a position 
he held for nine years. From 18*28 to 1845 he acted as civil 
engineer in the employment of the United States, and per- 
formed valuable services for the Government in other direc- 
tions. He died at Geneva, N. Y., in 1865. It maybe of in- 
terest to state here that General Swift was the first military 
graduate from West Point. He was a man of remarkable 
ability in his profession, and of the highest moral character. 
The genealogical portion of the volume occupies over sev- 
enty pages, together with the index, which is complete and 
thorough. Mr. Ellery traces the progenitor of the American 
Swifts — Thomas Swift — back to Rotherham. Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. His name first appears on the Boston town records in 
1634. He owned land in Dorchester and Milton, and some 
of his descendants still live in the latter town. His wife, 
Elizabeth, was the daughter of Bernard Capen of Dorchester, 
England. Mr. Swift was a man of some importance in our 
own Dorchester, where he resided, and served the town at dif- 
ferent times in, various capacities. He was a malster by trade, 
but w r as also interested in the care of his farm. At tin- time 
of his death he left a good estate, which was properly appor- 
tioned by will among: his children and relatives. Among the 
relics of his household which have come down to the presenl 
day are an ancient carved chair brought over from England 
at the time of emigation, and the family arms, painted on can- 
vas. He had ten children, seven of whom married and had 


descendants. Only the male lines are carried out in the gen- 
ealugy. Three full-page heliotype portraits are given — those 
of Gen. Joseph G. Swift, his father and mother, Dr. Foster 
and Mrs. Swift — a view of the house of Captain John Swift, 
(»n Milton Hill, erected nearly a century ago, and illustra- 
tions of the old chair and the family coat-of-arms. The work 
is an excellent specimen of book making. The type is large 
and clear, the paper of the best, and the margins liberal. Mr. 
Ellery is to be congratulated on the admirable manner in 
which In- hae accomplished the task of compilation and ar- 
rangement. The work is printed by F. S. Blanchard & Co., 
154 Front street, Worcester, who receive subscriptions for it. 
— Boston Transcript. 

History of Coggeshald in Essex [England], with an 
account of the church, Abbey, manors and ancient families, 
including the family of Coggeshall from 1149 to the reun- 
ion at Rhode Island, U. S. A., in 1884. By George Fred 
Beaumont, London, ls90. pp. 272. 

As many of the early settlers of New England came from 
the County of Essex. England, this work is of value, as it con- 
tains many notes relating to families familiar to all interest- 
ed in Ww England genealogy. The family of Coggeshall 
is given a prominent place. 

English Records. 

MR. J. HENRY LEA, of Fairbaveu, Mass., now engaged in Genea- 
logical Investigations in England, would be pleased to undertake 

searches for 


in the Probate Courts, Public Record Office, Parish Registers, &c, on 
Veky Moderate Terms. Address 


London, E. C, England. 

DAP 17 MTTiUTBTJbQ harper's century, and 

DAIjIV 1 N U IVi D Lj LV O SCRIBNER'S, 10 cents eacb. 

Magazine of American History, 112; T'S 

per number, $2.40 per year, postpaid. Other Magazines 
equally low. 

34 Park Row, New York City. 

Suffolk and Middlesex Co. Mass. Records. 

THE UNDERSIGNED being well acquainted with the records of Suf- 
folk and Middlesex Co., Mass., offers to make researcbes for family 
History and Genealogy on low terms. 


418 Broanway, Boston, Mass. 



Largest list ever published of Engravings on steel (over 300 
are military portraits), suitable for illustrators and 
collectors of Americana, please send for cata- 
logue to 
J. C. BUTTRE, 32 Cortlandt St., New York. 

Autograph Letteks 


Distinguished People 




28 West 23d St., N. Y. City, 



A monthly bulletin for Autograph Collectors. Send for sample copy. 

"Historical Sketches^ Lawrence Family" 


Willi Seven Heliotypes of Old Portraits and Buildings. Neatly 
bound, and printed on extra thick antique paper. 8 vo. 215 pages. 
Printed by Rand Avery Company, Boston. 1SSS. 

Copies of this book are for sale and will be sent post-paid on receipt of 

the price, $2.00, by 


Old Comer Booh SI ore, 283 Washington St., Boston, {Mass. 

-•■- N 1 Hist. Gen. Register for Oct 1888. for a description of this work. 

Rhode Island Historical and Genealogical Research. 

The undersigned having devoted the past ten years to the study of the 
Htstorj "i Rhode [sand, particularly Newport County (Portsmouth, 
Newport, Jamestown, New Shoreham, Middletown, Tiverton and Little 
I umptiMi), and baviny made copies of many ancient records relating to 
Newport and the adjacent towns, otters Ins services, on moderate terms, 
lo Editors, Publishers, Lawyers, and others wishing matter relative to 
the History, Biography, and Genealogy of Rhode Island and Providence 

Particulai attention paid to researches in any part of the State. 


Librarian Historical Society, 

Newport, R. I. 

Some Rare New England Literature 

We have in hand some rare back numbers of the New England Mag- 
azine that may be had at a bargain. 

They are finely illustrated with the best of steel engravings ot promi- 
nent persons and other excellent illustrations of a variety of subjects, 
containing a large amount of matter exceedingly valuable to a public or 
private library. 

Tin se numbers may be had singly, in uniform binding, or in complete 
volumes without binding, to suit the purchaser. 

This affords an unusual opportunity for enriching your collection of 
New England literature. Among the subjects profusely illustrated may 
be mentioned various cities, including Worcester, Lynn, and Lowell; 
also the Christian Associations < if the various sects, a history of religious 
denominations, biographies of the governors of Massachusetts and other 
distinguished citizens, together with mountain and lake scenery and a 
great variety of articles from our best authors. 

We solicit correspondence from persons interested, and recommend 
haste, for our supply is limited, and another opportunity of this kind is 
not likely to present itself. 






id Register, 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the 
scattered and decayed records of the 

Domestic, Civil, Literary, Religious and Political Life 

of the People of the United States, and par- 

ticularly of New England, 

Is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Socie- 
ty, of Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October. 


Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on 

Address JOHN WARD DEAN, Editor, 

18 Somerset St., Boston, 


Publishers, Booksellers, Binders and Printers. 

Pres. Essex Institute, Salem. 

Box ^713, Boston. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

rfCHE REPUTATION FOR FINE WORK of every description 
"P acquired by the Salem Press during its twenty years of exist- 
ence is well known to all students of Science and American His- 
tory and Genealogy. We beg to announce that we have recently 
moved into more commodious quarters and have enlarged our fa- 
cilities for printing, electrotyping, binding, &c, &c, and solicit 
orders for all varieties of FINE BOOK WORK, and would re- 
spectfully request compilers of genealogies to correspond with 
our manager, Mr. Bates, before placing their works elsewhere. 

We especially desire to call tke attention of every HISTORI- 
have made a 

bw Idparture 

and can now offer to our patrons the best of skilled service in 
searching the records of Essex Co., being ourselves responsible 
for the accuracy of all results. 


MOTES, QUERIES AND REPLIES. A Collection of Popular, His- 

■1\ torical, Biographical, Bibliographical and Antiquarian Chit-Chat 

relating to Wales and the Borders. 8vo. Cloth, gilt top, uncut XI 
378 pp., post free. $3.50. 1S88. 

250 Copies only Printed. 

Annng its varied contents are Biographies of nigh one hundred Welsh- 
men-of-letters during the nineteenth century ; account of James How- 
ell, author of Familiar Letters, with a bibliography of his numerous 
writings; Bibliographies of novels relating to Wales County and Local 
Histories oi \\ ales and Monmouthshire, Welsh Grammars and Dictiona- 
ries, and many other interesting facts for Welsh and Celtic scholars. 



Ni :w York. 

u ' ' 


f«» gnatai 

Votes «1 fftueries. 

Vol, 1. OCTOBER. 

— * (Smtlltite* *- — 

NOTES.— A Massachusetts. Mine. Samuel Slaters Dream. Signature 
of the Cross. Framingham's Big Tree. Curios in United 
History. Resolutions passed by the Freeholders of Boston, Sept. 
18, 1765. 

FAMILY REUNION'S —The Boylston Family. The Needham Family. 

QUERIES.— Battey. C -mistook. Kendall-Wyman-Mead. Tubbs. 
Weld. Adams. Nicoll. Mack-Fox. 

ANNOUNCEMENTS.— Allen Family. Pi Usbury Genealogy. Perley 
Family. Rust Family. Biography of John Vanderlyn. 

PERIODICALS— The Magazine of American History. The New ! 
land Magazine. The New England Historical and Genealogica 
ter. The Dedham Historical Register, The New York Genealogical 
and Biographical Record. 

BOOK NOTES.— Cambridge, A Souvenir. Economic and Social History 
of New England. History of the American Episcopal Church. 
Memorial Volume of the 250th Anniversary Celebration of Sand- 
wich and Bourne, Mass. A Gazetteer of the State of Massachu- 
setts. Harvard Reminiscences. English Colonies in America. 
Dorothea Lyude Dixr. The Greenville Baptist Chuich in Leicester, 
Mass. Southern Historical Society Papers. 





[Entered at Newport, R. I. Tost Office as second class matter ] 

Xfye View €nglcmb Holes anb Queries, 

A Medium of Intercommunication for Historical and Genealogical Students. 

Published Quarterly, *$1 per Annum. 

R II. TILLEY, Editor, Newport, R. I. 

ThbNjbw England Notes and QuerifswHI be made up of selected and original 
vol i:s relating to New England local and family history; Announcements of historical 
gical works in preparation; Queries, historical and genealogical, in which 
may ask for information to be sent to their address, or published in the col- 
umns of the magazine; Replies to Queries; and Book Notes, a department devoted to 
new works on New England local and family history. Historical and genealogical articles, 
which may appear from time to time in the newspapers and magazines, will benoticed. 
Q^F* Subscribers may insert a query or an announcement not to exceed 100 words, 

h number. 
(^"Publishers, editors and authors are respectfully requested to send circulars, des- 
criptive of their work, that notice may be given. Genealogical students are invited to 
mi with the editor, giving full" information relative to their labors. 
To publishers, bookseller's and compilers of history and genealogy, the Notes 
! i ERfES otters an excellent medium for advertising as the magazine will reach a class 
ot naders who are always looking for new books The rates for advertising are low, as 
th< publisher believes that announcements of this kind will form an important depart- 
ment of the magazine. Terms sent on application. 

Send all orders and communications to 

R. H. TILLEY, Newport, R. I. . 

The Salem Press PoMisMi ani Prlntinc Co, 



for sam.pb >s (if the Salem Press forms, useful to genealogists for 
obtaining information. 

Essex Co., Mass Records. 

The Salem Press has made arrangements to give its patrons the best 

• tainahle for searching tin 3 of Essex Co., and the valu- 

ollections relating to that part of Massachusetts. (See 

>.A. P,ATP:s, Manages, 

200 Derby Street, 

Salem, Mass. 


itekr fojfauir flates & (primes. 

VOL.1. OCTOBER. 1890. No. 4. 


A Massachusetts Mine. — In a quiet and secluded cor- 
ner of the town of Sturbridge, and only two miles from the 
Connecticut State line, there is located the first mine of any 
description found and worked in the English settlements of 
America. It was discovered in September, 1633, two hun- 
dred and fifty-seven years ago, and only thirteen years after 
the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Its discoverer 
was no less a person than John Oldham, who came over in 
the ship Anne and joined the Plymouth colonists in 1623, 
and who, for several years thereafter was a singularly unique 
and incongruous element in so saintly a company as the Pil- 
grims ; for he was neither Pilgrim, Puritan nor saint, but 
simply a reckless adventurer. Of a quarrelsome and fac- 
tious disposition, he was a source of constant annoyance to 
the infant colony, until his acts could be no longer endured, 
when lie, with his friend and ally, the crafty and hypocritical 
Lyford, was banished from the colony. In after years, re- 
penting of his misdeeds, he was permitted to visit Plymouth 
and the latter-formed colony at Massachusetts Bay. His 
innate adventurous spirit led him to make explorations into 
the wilderness and the country far beyond the confines oi 


the infant coast setlements, and it was while upon one of 
these that he found the mine in what is now Sturbridge. 
This town forms the modest and unpretending southwest 
corner of Worcester County, and to the Boston readers of 
the Transcript it will be of interest to say that it was the 
birthplace and early home of the late George B. Hyde, so 
long and intimately associated with the city's schools, and 
also of his nephew, Henry D. Hyde, so prominent in the 
legal fraternity of city and state. Here, too, in the summer 
season, lives William Willard, the artist, and the old mine 
with one hundred and fifty acres of land, is the property of 
the heirs of the late Frederic Tudor, one of Boston's most 
famous merchants in the earlier decades of this country, and 
who, among his other enterprises, was the first to engage in 
the exportation of ice to tropical climes. 

It is a trifle singular that the mining industry of the United 
States, now of such vast import to the commercial and in- 
dustrial life of the nation, should have had its origin in Mas- 
sachusetts which, thus far, has contributed to this industry 
but little more than the beginning ; and it is still more sin- 
gular that the mineral found in a pronounced and appreci- 
able extent in the Pilgrim mine should be of a kind never 
after found to a marked extent anywhere in a country so 
marvellously rich in the extent and variety of its minerals; 
hut such is the truth as regards graphite, commonly 
called black lead and plumbago, the mineral found in Stur- 
bridge. In 1633, and for many years thereafter, graphite had 
a far greater commercial value than at present, Then the 
only other deposil of graphite known in the civilized world 
was the Borrowdale mine, in the Cumberland Mountains, 
England, which was not abandoned until 1850, and from 
which large quantities of the mineral were taken and im- 
mense fortunes made. 

The story of the Sturbridge mine forms a part of the 
annals of the colony, and from 1718 to 1730 it was the cause 
of a litigation upon the settlement of which depended the 


establishment or rejection of the law of primogeniture in 
Masaschusetts, if not in other colonies of America. 

It was while traversing the Indian trail or path known in 
history and legend as the u 01cl Connecticutt Path" that 
John Oldham found the Sturbridge mine. The above-named 
route plays an important part in the early history oi New- 
England, as it was the first extended Indian trail with which 
the Massachusetts Bay colonists became familiar. Begin- 
. ning at Cambridge it wound its sinuous course along the 
left bank of the Charles, through Waltham, along the north 
J shore of Cochituate Lake in Framingham ; thence, deflecting 
^ still more to the southwest, passed through Hopkinton, 
<o Grafton, Oxford, Dudley, to Woodstock in Connecticutt, 
) and on to Hartford. In Woodstock this trail formed a june- 
I tion with two others known respectively as "The Providence 
t Path," which came from Mount Hope and the Narragan- 
"' ; setts' country, and "The Nipmuck Path," which led from 
^ Norwich, where lived the Mohican Indians, while the conn- 
Vj try of the Nipmucks extended south from Worcester into 
>* Connecticut for a distance of twenty miles. Leaving Wooil- 
i^i stock in a northeasterly direction, another Indian trail eross- 
-£ ed the town of Southbridge and into Sturbridge, where, 
dividing, its respective branches led in different directions 
to the Connecticutt River. The Indians who lived in Stur- 
bridge at the time mentioned were a family of the Quaboags, 
in whose village Oldham found various utensils and imple- 
ments made of graphite, and, searching, found the deposit 
only a short distance from the village, and croAvning the 
summit of a hill whose northeastern shore is bathed with the 
waters of a pond called by the Indians Quassick,bu1 now 
known as Lead Mine Pond. The Indian name of the region 
in which the mine is located was called Tantousque, and the 
papers and instruments relating to this section preserved in 
the State archives, bear this name. 

When Oldham reported his discovery the Greal and Gen 
eral Court assumed jurisdiction over the mine, and in No- 
vember, 1634, ceded it, together with 10,240 acres of adjoin- 


ing land, to John Winthrop, Jr., son of Governor Winthrop, 
and who, history says, came to America with one thousand 
pounds sterling for the purpose of establishing the iron busi- 
ness in the colony. To aid him in the proposed scheme, 
Winthrop was given the mine and land as a subsidy, thus 
showing that the colony believed in fostering "infant indus- 
tries," not by high protection, but by subsidizing them. The 
giant to Winthrop was absolute and unconditional, and 
though his iron business never materialized, the lavish grant 
remained in the possession of the Winthrop family for three 

The original formation of the graphite deposit was easily 
discernible by its outcroppings along the surface of the 
ground, extending some three hundred rods in length and of 
a width varying from four to six feet and having an un- 
known depth. The seam or lode at places is perpendicular 
and at others inclines to an angle of 30°. Professor Gun- 
ning, the geologist, said, on a visit to the mine, that the 
entire mass was at some time turned on end by a great up- 
heaval. The mineral exists most decidedly in a bed of dark- 
colored gneiss with frequent lamellar brownish hornblende, 
The late Professor Edward Hitchcock, in writing of the 
Sturbridge mine, says : 

"The quality of the graphite is excellent, and would not 
suffer by comparison with any in the world. Its lustre is 
highly metalie. lis structure is between scaly and fine gran- 
ular. Sometimes, however, there is an obvious approxima- 
tion to distinct crystals, though mineralogists are not agreed 
thai this substance has ever been found in such a state. But 
if crystallized graphite occurs anywhere, it may be found at 
Sturbridge. There is another variety found at this locality, 
which is distinctly fibrous; the fibres being from one to two 
inches long. At this mine I noticed phosphate of lime in 
small quantity. Vegetable relics are sometimes seen envel- 
oped in the mass. 

Lumps of graphite weighing fifty pounds and wholly free 
from foreign matter have been taken from the mine. 

Crude and imperfect as were the facilities afforded the 


early Puritans for mining, and difficult and costly as were 
the means for the transportation of the ore to the sea coast, 
the work of development progressed until interrupted by 
King Philip's war, in which the Nipmuck and Quaboag 
Indians joined. In the early days of the working of the mine 
the ore was carried to Boston on horses, and in a letter 
written in 1655 one of the miners makes mention of the fact 
that Boston was but two days' distance from the mine. As 
the route traversed was most likely the old Connecticut 
Path, the journey was hardly less than one hundred and fifty 
miles, and that over a rough and difficult road. There are 
few horses to-day with packs on their backs that could cover 
the distance in two days. From the above-mentioned letter 
it is further learned that at one time Winthrop allowed the 
mine to be worked upon shares. This was while he was gov- 
ernor of Connecticut, an office he held for seventeen years. 
The mine was, in the seventeenth century, a landmark of the 
country, and frequent mention of it is made in the reports 
of spies and pioneers. When it was abandoned by its early 
workers an excavation to an average depth of six feet had 
been made along its entire distance. This would represent 
for those times a considerable amount of ore and gives the 
natural inference that it returned to the colony a goodly 

On the death of John Winthrop, the "younger, the mine 
and grant became the property of his son, Judge and Major 
General Wait Winthrop, who died intestate, leaving a son 
and daughter. In 1718 the son was appointed administrator 
of the estate, but he refused to return an inventory of the 
real estate, claiming that under the laws of England it be- 
longed to him, The daughter, who was the wife of Thomas 
Lechmere, of Boston, a prominent citizen in bis dm. 
claimed an equal share under colonial laws. The Superior 
Court of Massachusetts sustained her claim, and ordered the 
son's letters of administration vacated, and Lechmere was 
appointed administrator in his place. The son appealed to 
the Privy Council of England, and in 1728 thai body over- 


ruled the action of the Massachusetts Superior Court and de- 
clared the provision of the colonial laws in the premises null 
and void. The proceedings in the long litigation were watch- 
ed with the keenest interest in the colony, and when the deci- 
sion of the Privy Council was made known, public opinion here 
was greatly excited. As quickly as possible Jonathan Belcher, 
afterwards governor, was sent as a special envoy to the king 
to secure the repeal of the council's action, as already many 
estates had been settled according to the stipulations of the 
colonial laws. Belcher's mission was successful and the law 
of primogeniture met its doom in the colony. In course of 
time the great Win throp grant was divided into farms and 
sold to settlers of the town, as was also a tract of one thous- 
and acres near Alum Pond in the northwest part of Stur- 
bridge, which were given to John Elliot by the Indians in 
that sec I ion to whom he preached. The grant was later con- 
firmed to his descendants by the Legislature. 

In the early years of this century the old mine was re- 
opened under the direction of the Ixion Black Lead Compa- 
ny, which, after a few years' existence, sold its interests to 
Frederic Tudor, who continued business at the mine thirty 
y guvs, during which time the annual production of graphite 
amounted to twenty tons. Mr. Tudor paid 15746 for the prop- 
erty, which, considering the purchasing value of money sixty 
l '.its ago, shows that so shrewd a man as he believed that there 
was something [ u ,[. p or so remote and naturally quiet a 
locality (he mine was a busy place in Mr. Tudor's time. From 
ten to twenty men were employed, and the rumbling of ma- 
chinery was heard in the grinding mill near by. Drifts or 
entrances were cut at right angles to the mine, and in the 
principal one of these a wooden tramway was laid and re- 
- idmosl intact to this day. A foot-bridge which spanned 
'in' chasm, now rickety with age, remains in position, though 
1 ' llll . v years have passed since the abandonment of the mine, 
long wliile Mr. Tudor had lor his foreman a colored 
man named Guy Scott. lie could neither read nor write, 
1 " 11 SVil « naturall} a person of tad and one capable of accom- 


plishing a deal of work, and it is told that Mr. Tudor paid 
him 11.50 a day, which was a high and unusual sum to pay 
in those days even for skilled labor. 

Only one fatal accident ever occurred in the mine. This 
happened October 13, 1830, when two miners were killed 
outright and a third terribly injured by the falling of a huge 
mass of the overhanging rocks. The cross timbers placed to 
stay the walls of the mine after the accident still remain, 
though sixty years have passed away since they began to 
serve their purpose. 

After the death of Mr. Tudor the mine was leased and 
worked by Ply nip ton Marcy, of Sturbridge. In 1860, when 
the mine was abandoned, the yearly production was eight 
tons of ore, but in 1859 twenty -five tons were mined, which 
was one of the largest annual outputs in its history. 

In all the mine has been worked to a depth of seventy 
feet, with nothing to indicate that the ore is nearly exhausted. 
But the abundance of graphite in countries of Europe and 
Asia preclude the possibility of further working of the 
Sturbridge mine at a profit. In 1863 or thereabouts, Hon. 
Emory L. Bates, a capitalist of Sturbridge, with two Nor- 
wich, (Conn.) gentlemen, offered $10,000 for the property, 
but it was not accepted. All that is now left of the origi- 
nal grant which went with the mine is one hundred and 
fifty acres, with an assessed valuation, including the mine 
of 81500. 

The visitor of to-day will find the old mine and its sur- 
roundings interesting. All about it one can find lumps of 
the shining, glossy ore, and the slopes of the embankment at 
the end of the main drift are fairly crystalized with foliated 

Lead Mine Pond, covering an area of 183 acres, into 
which the northern end of the mine dips, is as quiet and 
placid as when the Indians were the only ones to fish in its 
water, for the hills round about the pond are tree-clad now 
as then. The old Indian trail over which Oldham, in his 
lonely and solitary wanderings, passed, and long ago called 


the Springfield old road, is now styled the Lead Mine road, 
and the country the Lead Mine district. This, for five miles 
in all directions, is only sparsely inhabited, but on every hand 
one sees deserted homesteads and abandoned farms. Two 
miles south of the mine is Mashapaug Lake, the source of 
the Qninebaug River, and beyond is the scattered town of 
Union, in Connecticut, with its hardly more than 100 voters, 
but from which number two are selected annually to repre- 
sent the town in the Legislature ; thus Union is a fine place 
of residence for the young man willing to be sacrificed on 
the political altar of his country. As one traverses this love- 
ly and remote section it is difficult to realize that it was 
known to the Pilgrims and Puritans prior to any settlement 
in populous Worcester County, and that what happened here 
in the seventeenth century forms an exciting page in our 
history. — Or. A. Cheney in Boston Evening Transcript, July 
9, 1890. 

SAMUEL Slatrr's Dbeam.— An interesting centenary was 
recently celebrated at Pawtucket, Rhode Island, where Sam- 
uel Slater, on the 21st of December, 1790, virtually began 
cotton manufacture in this country, although previous efforts 
li-t'l been made. Slater was a pupil of Arkwright, and as 
i iie English law forbade the communication of models of the 
cotton-spinning machinery to other countries, Slater, trusting 
to iiis memory, reconstructed it under a contract with William 
A 1 my and Smith Brown. But for some time he could not 
recall a small but essential part of the process, and the tra- 
dition is dial in a dream be returned to England, examined 
the machinery, found what lie wanted, and upon waking com- 
pleted liis w ork successfully. 

A "•'••"t article in the Evening Pott alludes to this story. 
''"" many years ago Mr. Slater himself related the circum- 
stances to a gentleman in this country, who often repeated it 
111 ll|s family, from whom we have it. After loner labor, 
working secretly, with the aid of one man only, Slater 
,,l ""-' il1 lMi,t ll( ' had put the machinery in running order, and 


invited a few gentlemen interested in the enterprise to sec 
the happy result of his toil. Proud and excited, he essayed 
to start the machine, but it did not move. In vain he tried, 
and, mortified and grieved, he dismissed his friends, assuring 
them, however, that he should certainly discover the diffi- 

But he was deeply discouraged. All the day and night he 
pondered and examined and tested and tried to move the 
machinery. But still it remained motionless. At length, 
heart-sick and weary, he leaned his head against the machine 
and fell asleep. As he slept he heard distinctly a cheerful. 
friendly voice, saying: "Why don't you chalk the bands, 
Sam ?" He started up, broad awake, and knew at once that 
a slight friction in the working of the machine was what was 
wanting ; and again summoning his friends, he saiv in the 
smooth action of the jenny the triumphant result of his work. 
It is a pleasant story, and the Slater legend is not an inven- 
tion, unless Mr. Slater deceived himself. — Harper's Weekly. 

Signature of the Cross. — The mark which persons who 
are unable to write are required to make instead of their sig- 
natures, is in the form of a cross (X),and this practice having 
formerly been followed by kings and nobles, is constantly re- 
ferred to as an instance of the deplorable ignorance of ancient 
times. Anciently, the use of this mark was not confined to 
illiterate persons; for amongst the Saxons, the mark of the 
cross, as an attestation of the good faith of the person sign 
ing, was required to be attached to the signature of those 
who could write, as well as to stand in the place of the signa 
ture of those who could not write. The ancient use of the 
cross, was, therefore, universal alike by those who could and 
those who could not write. It was, indeed, the symbol of an 
oath from its holy associations, and generally the mark. 

Framingham's Big Tree. — A writer in the Westborough, 
Mass., Chronotype lias recently furnished that paper with 
some particulars of the big elm tree in the westerly pari oi 
Framingham, Mass., and which is said to shade more ground 


than any other known tree in New England. He says : 
"Among tlie earliest of Framingham's settlers was a man by 
(lie name of Rugg, who built his house in the westerly part of 
the town in 1704. Seventy years later, in 1774, one of his 
descendants, Jonathan Rugg, went out in the wet land, se- 
cured a thrifty young elm and planted it near the house. 
The land where it was set out was rich and moist, insuring a 
rapid growth, and when Mr. Rugg died, in 1833, it had be- 
come a large tree. It was then almost a single tree, a little 
sprout being started out on one side» To-day the circumfer- 
ence of that sprout is thirteen feet, three inches. The tree is 
not far from the road leaning from Fayville to Framingham 
and about a mile from Fayville. Beneath one paternal 
1 (ranch is a two-storied farm house, the home of Nathan 
Kates. In the tree at a distance of thirty feet from the 
ground, on the lowest branch of that side, is a summer house 
witli comfortable seats for a dozen people ; this is reached by 
a flight of stairs up the trunk of the tree, and running with 
gradual ascent along the limb until reaching the place of 
separation into smaller branches, upon which subdivisions the 
platform is built. One foot from the ground the tree 
measures twenty-eight feet six inches in circumference. Four 
feel Prom the -'round the girth is twenty-two feet. The dis- 
tance around the largest limb is ten feet three inches, and 
another nearly equals it with a girth of nine feet and seven 
inches. The longest limb on the south side is sixty-six feet ; 
'•ii the west side, fifty-six ; on the north side, sixty-three. 
I I"' circumference of its shadow at noon is twoliundred and 
ninety-live feet. The area covered by the shade would readi- 
ly accommodate two thousand people. The tree is thrifty in 
appearance, and shows every sign of living at least another 
cent my. 

Cukios in United States Histouy.— Some of the most 
singular an. I entertaining of the "curios" in United States 
history have been unearthed and put in place by Mr. Mal- 
'' n|m Fownsend, in his unique book, "U.S."; as for instance, 
tne nicknames of Slates and cities, and how they came 


about, fac-similie autographs of all the Presidents, their 
tombs and epitaphs, their soubriquets and nicknames, the 
"money-slang" of the United States, and much out-of-the- 
way matter relating to our coinage and postage. 

Resolutions Passed by the Freeholders of Boston, 
Sept. 18, 17d5. — At a meeting of the freeholders, and other 
inhabitants of the town of Boston, by adjournment, Septem- 
ber 18, 1765, the Committee appointed to draw up instruc- 
tions for the Representatives of the town, reported the fol- 
lowing draft, which, being' read paragraph by paragraph, was 
unanimously accepted. 

William Cooper, Town-Clerk. 

To the Honourable James Otis, Esq. ; Thomas Ousting, 

Esq. ; and Mr. Thomas Gmy. 

Gentlemen: — At a time when the British American 
subjects are everywhere loudly complaining of arbitrary and 
unconstitutional innovations, the town of Boston cannot any 
longer remain silent without just imputation of inexcusable 
neglect — We therefore, the freeholders and other inhabitants, 
being legally assembled in Faneuil Hall, to consider what 
steps are necessary for us to take at this alarming crisis, 
think it proper to communicate to you our united sentiments. 
and to give to you our instructions thereupon. 

It fills us with great concern to. find, that measures have 
been adopted by the British Ministry, and acts of Parliament 
made, which press hard upon our invaluable rights and liber- 
ties, and tend greatly to distress the trade of the province, 
by which we have heretofore been able to contribute so large 
a share towards the enriching of the mother conn try. 

But we are more particularly alarmed and astonished at the 
act called the stamp act, by which a very grievous and \vr 
apprehend unconditional tax is to be laid upon the colonies. 

By the Royal Charter granted to our ancestors, the power 
of making laws for our internal government, and of Levying 
taxes, is vested in the General Assembly: And by the sane,' 
charter the inhabitants of this province are entitled to all 


the rights and privileges of natural free born subjects of 
Great Britain. The most essential rights of British Subjects 
are those of being represented in the same body which exer- 
cises the power of levying taxes upon them, and of having 
their property tried by juries. These are the very pillars of 
the British constitution, founded in the common rights of 
mankind. It is certain that we. were in no sense represented 
in the Parliament of Great Britain when the act of taxation 
was made. And it is also certain that this law admits of our 
properties being tried, in controversies arising from internal 
concerns, by Courts of Admiralty, without a Jury. It fol- 
lows, that at once it annihilates the most valuable privileges 
of our charter, deprives us. of the most essential rights of 
Britons, and greatly weakens the best security of our lives, 
liberties and estates ; which may hereafter be at the disposal 
of .Judges, who may be strangers to us, and perhaps malicious, 
mercenary, corrupt and oppressive. 

But. admitting that we had no complaints of this nature, 
we should still have reason to except against the inequality 
of these taxes. It is well known that the people of this 
province have not only settled this country, but enlarged and 
defended the British Dominion in America, with a vast ex- of treasure and blood. They have exerted themselves 
hi the most distinguished services for the King, by which 
they have often been reduced to the greatest distress. And 
in the late war more especially, by their surprising exertions, 
they have brought upon themselves a debt almost insupporta- 
ble. And we were well assured, that if these expensive ser- 
vices, lor which \aav Little, if any, advantage hath ever ac- 
crued lo themselves, together with the necessary charges of 
supporting ami defending his Majesty's government here, 
,l;l, l been duly estimated, the monies, designed to be drawn 
Irom us by this act, would have appeared greatly beyond our 
I'll »] lorl ion. 

We look upon it as a peculiar hardship, that when the rep- 
resentative body of this province had prepared and sent for- 
ward a decent remonstrance against these proceedings, while 


they were depending in the House of Commons, it failed of 
admittance there. And this we esteem the more extraordi- 
nary, inasmuch as, being unrepresented, it was the <>nl\ 
method whereby they could make known their objections to 
measures, in the event of which their constituents were to 
be so deeply interested. 

Moreover this act, if carried into execution, will become r 
further grievance to us, as it will afford a precedent for the 
Parliament to tax us, in all future time, and in all such \\a\ 
and measures, as they shall judge meet, without our consent. 

We therefore think it our indispensable duty, injustice to 
ourselves and posterity, as it is our undoubted privilege, in 
the most open and unreserved, but decent and respectful 
terms, to declare our greatest dissatisfaction with this law. 
And we think it incumbent upon you by no means to join in 
any public measures for countenancing and assisting in the 
execution of the same ; but to use your best endeavors in the 
General Assembly to have the inherent unalienable rights of 
the people of this province asserted and vindicated, ami left 
upon the public records, that posterity may never have reason 
to charge the present times with the guilt of tamely giving 
them away. 

It affords us the greatest satisfaction to hear that the Con- 
gress proposed by the House of Representatives of this prov- 
ince is consented to by the Representatives of most of tin 
other colonies on the continent. We have the warmest ex- 
pectations from the united Councils of that very respectable 
Committee. And we may, with the strictest propriety, en- 
join upon Mr. Otis, a member of the same, being also one ol 
the Representatives of this town, to contribute to the utmost 
of his ability, in having the rights of the colonies stated in 
the clearest view, and laid before the Parliament; and in 
preparing an humble petition to the King, our sovereign and 
Father, under whose gracious care and protection, we have 
the strongest reason to hope, that the rights of the c< 1 mies 
in general, and the particular charter rights of this province, 
will be confirmed and perpetuated. 


We further instruct you to take particular care that the 
best economy may be used in expending the public monies, 
and that no unaccustomed grants may be made to those who 
serve the Government. And we in general recommend to 
your care, that the monies of the province, drawn from the 
individuals of the people, at a time when almost every ave- 
nue of our trade is obstructed, may not be applied to any 
other purposes, under any pretence, of necessary contingent 
charges, but what are evidently intended in the act for sup- 
plying the Treasury. 

family Reunions. 

The Boynton Family. — About 150 of the Boyntons, de- 
scendants of William and John, who landed at Rowley in 
1638, attended the annual convention of the family at Salem 
Willows on Wednesday, Aug. 6. Massachusetts, Maine, 
Ohio, Iowa, Illinois, California, New York and New Hamp- 
shire were among the states represented in the compairy 
present. Mr. John Farnham Boynton, of Syracuse, N. Y., 
President of the Family Association, occupied the chair, and 
delivered an historical address. There were remarks by Mar- 
cellus Boynton of Westport, Mass., Ernest L. Boynton of 
Ohio, and others. A directory of the Boynton family of the 
United States, comprising upwards of 4000 names, was pre- 
sented. A committee of ten was chosen to prepare a second 
genealogy of the family. Letters were read from Ex-Gov- 
ernor Boynton of Georgia, and General H. V. Boynton of 
i he Washington press. 

These officers were chosen : President, John Farnham 
Boynton of Syracuse, N. Y.; vice presidents, Jonathan Boyn- 

I >f Clearfield, Penn., Dr. Worcester E. Boynton, General 

II. V. Boynton of Washington, I). C, Rufus G. Boynton of 
Medford, Ernesl L. Boynton of Ohio; secretary and treas- 
urer, Mrs. Caroline II. Boynton of Syracuse, N. Y.; marshal, 
Marcellus Boynton of Westport, Mass. 


The day was spent in social reunion and family talking. 
This family carries its tree back in England to the year 1067. 

The Needham Family.— Upwards of 200 of the Need- 
hams and members of the various branches of that lamiU 
gathered Thursday, July 17, at Round Hill, on the old home- 
stead farm of Grandfather John Needham in South Peabody, 

The oldest members present this year were Mr. Aaron 
Nourse, of Salem, aged 77; Mrs. Mary A. Brown of Lynn, 
aged 74; and Mrs. Susan Newhall of Peabody, aged 73: 
while the day was presided over by Mr. John M. Poor, of 
Haverhill, Mass., President of the Association. 

The following executive committee was chosen, from which 
the president, secretary and other officers will be chosen : — 
John M. Poor, Haverhill ; Alfred Poor, Salem; Franklin M. 
Poor, Boston ; Alfred Poor, Goffstown, N. H.; Samuel T. 
Poore, Georgetown; Nathaniel 0. Poor, Newton, N. H.; Sam- 
uel Poor, Hampton, N. H., George W. Poor, Maiden ; Henry 
V. Poor, Brookline ; Albert Poor, Boston; John R. Poor. 
Lawrence ; Eben L. Poor, Fremont, N. H. ; Nathan H. Poor, 

The next meeting will be held in 1893, the plan not being 
decided upon. 




6G. Battey. — The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode 
Island gives the early generations of Battey, of Warwick mx I 
vicinity. Can any one give information of the descendants 
of John Battey, from the point Avhere the Dictionary leaves 
them. I would like to communicate with such descendants. 

289 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. EDWARD HoOKEE. 

67. Comstock.— About 1784 Samuel Comstock settled m 


Versbire, Vt., coming from Massachusetts or Rhode Island. 
He brought with him his wife, Hannah Dunnell (or Donnell) 
and seven children, John, Michael, Lucy, Samuel, Dunnell, 
and Hannah. I wish to learn from what source this family 
came, and any data with regard to their ancestry. 

Chelsea, Ft. JOHN M. COMSTOCK, 

68. Kendall-Wyman-Mead. — I would like information 
concerning the families of, 1st., Jabez Kendall of Woburn, 
married June 21, 1739, Sarah Parker of Lexington, Mass. 
They settled where? 2d. Of the children of Joseph Wy- 
man, Lunenburg, Mass., whose wife was Kezia Parker. They 
had, before 1775, David, Joseph, Oliver, Thomas, Sarah, John 
and Elizabeth. 3d. Of the children of Moses Mead of 
Lexington. He was a Revolutionary veteran ; his wife was 
Lizzie Viles. 

Worcester, Mass. Theo. Pabker. 

(J9. Tubbs. In 1760 Samuel and Lebbeus Tubbs, John, 
Daniel and Jonathan Hamilton, Sr., and Jr.,went from Con- 
necticut to Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, and took up lands in the 
seats of tin- expatriated Acadians. In 1762 Samuel and Leb- 
beus Tubbs returned to Connecticut and jointly purchased a 
farm of John Copp on the division line between New London 
and Norwich, the Hamiltons remaining in Nova Scotia. Leb- 
beus Tubbs married Bathsheba Hamilton and was my great 
great grandfather. Can any one inform me — 

L What relationship existed between Samuel and Lib- 
lit -lis '! 

2. Who was the father of Lebbeus, and when and where 
w as he born ? 

3- When and where were Lebbeus and Bathsheba mar- 
ried V 

h From whal (own did the above named parties emigrate 
lo Novo Scotia '.' 

Bacon, Ethelbert, Born January 23, 1772, it is believed 
in ( lonnecl icut. 

Can any one inform me in what town he was born, and 
■ lie names of his parents '.' 

Osceola, Tioga County, Penn. Charles Tubbs. 


70. Weld. Information wanted as to the ancestry of the 
family of this name, some of whose descendants are now 
living at Guilford and other towns in Connecticut. Mrs. 
Charlotte Weld Fowler, published, at the age of 86 years, a 
brief history of it in 1879 at Middletown, but gave no rec- 
ords back of 1750. She says, only, that her grandfather, 
Joseph Weld, came from Boston to Guilford, which presuma- 
bly connects him with the Roxbury Weld family ; but defi- 
nite and authentic information is wanted, with dates, etc., to 
show such connection, or the other origin of this family. 

160 Broadway, New York, N. Y. J. Edward Weld. 

71. Adams. — Simeon Adams, of Stonington, Conn., mar- 
ried, prior to 1770, widow Lydia (Brown) Sparharok, who 
by previous marriage had daughters Sabra, born 1763, and 
Lydia, born 1765. Simeon Adams had eight children born 
in Stonington between 1770 and 1788, who married into the 
Rathbone, Rausom, Rogers, King, Yeomans and Burdick 
families. I am unable to connect this Simeon Adams with 
his ancestry. Who can aid me in doing so ? 

Washington, D. C. N. D. Adams. 

72. Nicoll. Can any one give me information relating 
to John Nicoll, whose wife was Penelope, daughter of War- 
ren Lisle, Esq., of Upway, England. John Nicoll was for 
several years, comptroller of customs at Newport, R. I., re- 
turning to New York in 1780, where he died Dec. 13, 1781, 
and was buried in Trinity Church yard. His children were : 

I. John, born Saltash, Eng., Sept. 15, 1748. 

II. Penelope, born New York, Aug. 10, 1751. 

III. Warren Lisle, born Whitehall, N. Y., June 15, 1753. 

IV. Mary, born Whitehall, N. Y. 

V. William, born July 20, 1756. 

VI. Edward, born July 17, 1760. 

VII. Agnes, born April 19, 1763. 

VIII. Charles, born Newport, R. I., June 5, 1765. 

IX. Benjamin David, born Newport, Dec. 13, 1767. 

X. Ann Hay, born Newport, Oct. 24, 1774. 


Any information relating to the above will be thankfully 

Newport, R. I. R. H. Tilley. 

73. Mack-Fox. — John Mack was of Salisbury, Mass., in 
1682, and in 1697 was an inhabitant of Lyme, Conn. Six 
children were born to him during this interval, viz : Sarah, 
Elizabeth, Lydia, Josiah, Orlando, and Jonathan. Wanted, 
Lis place of residence during this period. 

Ebenezer Fox (son of Isaac) was born at Medford, Mass., 
14th Oct. 1689, was later an inhabitant of New London, 
Conn., and after 1732 dwelt in East Haddam, Conn. He 
died before 1 752. He was probably married at Medford or 
New London. Wanted, the name of his wife. 

Manhattan, Kansas. S. M. Fox. 


Allen Family. — I am preparing a genealogy of the de- 
scendants of Edward Allen, who left Portsmouth, N. H., 
about K; ( .»<) for Nantucket, where he married Ann Coleman 
aboul 1692. He had a large family and died on the island in 
1 (41. Correspondence solicited concerning his ancestry. 

Palmer, Mass. O. P. Allen. 

Pillsbury Genealogy.— Miss Emily A. Getchell, of 
Newbnrj port, Mass., is engaged in preparing a history of the 
Pillsbury family, beginning with its New England progenitor, 
William, who emigrated from England to Massachusetts in 
1640-41, and settled in Dorchester, where he married. He 
later removed to Newbury, Mass., where he died in 1686. 
Miss Getchell is anxious to Learn something of Abel Pills- 
Imry, grandson n\' William, who lived in Charlestown, Mass., 
aboul 1717. lie married there a Mrs. Susannah Pritchard, 
and had Thomas, Susannah, Joshua, John, Margaret, and 
pr«babl3 others. In the year 1888 the first of a series of 


family Reunions was successfully held in Newbury port, fol- 
lowed by another in 1889. The meetings were largely at- 
tended and full of interest, and a family association was 
formed with Hon. A. E. Pillsbury, President, and Hon. E. L. 
Pillsbury of Charlestown, Secretary. In 1891 it is proposed 
to celebrate the 250th anniversary of the settlement of the 
first Pillsbury in New England. 

The Perley Family.— Mr. M. V. B. Perley, of Ipswich, 
Mass., has issued part first of the History and Genealogy of 
the Perley family, and proposes to continue the publication 
in parts. The price of each part to be 25 cents. 

Rust Family. — Mr. Albert D. Rust, of Waco, Texas, is 
engaged in preparing a genealogy of the descendants of 
Henry Rust, of Hingham and Boston, Mass. 

Biography of John Vanderlyn. — Roswell Randall 
Hoes, Chaplain U. S. N., is engaged in collecting material 
for a sketch of the life of John Vanderlyn, the distinguished 
American painter, who was born in Kingston, N. Y., in 1776. 
Mr. Hoes may be addressed, care of Navy Department, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 


The Magazine of American History for November is 
particularly rich in material, reminding one that the events 
of our own day have a definite understanding with the events 
of the past, and also with those before us, beyond our own 
horizon. The well-known eloquent divine, Rev. Charles H. 
Parkhurst, D. D., contributes the opening chapter "Divine 
Drift in Human History," in which he says "it is the con- 
summating glory of history that it spells out thoughts and 
purposes hundreds and thousands of years long ;" and that 
"we are so endowed with inquisitiveness and with intelligent 
sympathies that we enjoy knowing what has transpired in 
the world — whatever man has done in the world appeals to 


us as being to some degree our own matter." The best por- 
trait ever published of Dr. Parkhnrst forms the frontispiece 
to this number. The second article, "American Outgrowths 
of Continental Europe," by the Editor, covers a broad field 
of scholarly inquiry ; it is based upon the "Narrative and 
Critical History of America," and is handsomely illus- 
trated. It is followed by General Winfield Scott's "Remedy 
for Intemperance," from Hon. Charles Aldrich ; "The Puri- 
tan Birthright," by Nathan M. Hawkes ; and "The Action 
at Tarrytown, 1781," with a graphic account of the heroism 
of Captain George Hurlburt, by Dr. R. B. Coutant, presi- 
dent of the Tarrytown Historical Society. One of the long- 
est papers in the number is that of Dr. Prosper Bender, the 
third in his instructive series of "The French-Canadian 
Peasantry." The "Library of a Philadelphia Antiquarian," 
by E. Powell Buckley, will be perused with interest by all 
scholars ; "Revolutionary Newbergh" is an admirable historic 
poem by Rev. Edward J. Runk, A. M.; a glimpse of the 
"Literature of California" is from the writings of Hubert 
Howe Bancroft ; and diversified information agreeably pre- 
sented in the several departments completes a noble number, 
which must be seen and read to be appreciated. Every issue 
of this monthly is invested with human, popular and timely 
interest. It is vigorously conducted and holds highest rank 
in current literature. Price, $5.00 a year. 743 Broadway, 
New York city. 

The New England Magazine for November opens with 
an article which must prove of rare interest to lovers of 
Boston History and antiquities, and of interest almost as 
great to everybody who cares for architecture in America. 
'' is an article on Charles Bulfinch, the architect, by Mr. 
Ashton Willard, whose recent writing on the old New Eng- 
land meeting-houses in this Magazine has been so charming. 
'Ih'' articles in this number of the New England Maga- 
zine, however, which will provoke most discussion, are two 
<»n the Southern Question, one by Rev. A. I). Mayo on "The 
Third Estate of the South,*' detailing the remarkable growth 


in the South of a new Democracy, permeated by living ideas, 
and destined rapidly to become the controlling power ; the 
other by Professor Charles H. Levermore of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, discussing the dreadful 
mockery of law still prevailing in great sections of the South, 
especially as witnessed by himself during a recent residence 
in North Carolina. Edward Everett Hale contributes to this 
number a stirring article entitled u The Professor of America," 
sharply criticising much in our present college methods, and 
urging that we ought to have everywhere special professors 
to teach young men adequately the new things which 
America stands for in the world. The illustrated article, 
"Fifty Years of a Canadian University," will interest all 
who have been reading the various valuable articles on Cana- 
dian matters which the magazine has lately been giving. 
Mr. Winslow's article on "Japanese Popular Art," illustrated 
by beautiful reproductions of pictures from' the common 
Japanese sketch books, is another reminder of the wonderful 
country of Japan. Mr. Edward E. Allen of the Perkins 
Institute for the Blind, in an article entitled "Tangible 
Writing for the Blind," illustrated by various cuts and dia- 
grams, describes the remarkable Braille system of reading 
and writing, which promises almost a revolution in the edu- 
cation of the blind. Mr. Edwin A. Start contributes a 
paper, illustrated by many picturesque and curious cuts, on 
old Newgate prison in Connecticut and the horrors of its 
history in the days of the Revolution. Mr. W. Blackburn 
Harte writes brightly upon stage-coaching in the Adiron- 
dacks; and the usual variety of stories and poetry completes 
what is a singularly interesting number of this magazine. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register for Oct., has an excellent portrait of Wm. Henry 
Montague. Mr. Montague is the last surviving founder of 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, lie 
was born in Granby, Mass., Feb. 29, 1804. Among the arti- 
cles of interest may be mentioned the "Hamilton Family <>!' 


Maine and Nova Scotia," by Rev. Arthur H. Eaton ; "List of 
Subscribers at Dennington, Suffolk, to the engagement of 
1651," by Rev. John S. French, M. D. ; The concluding 
chapter of "Soldiers in King Philip's War," by Rev. George 
M. Bodge, A. M. ; Mr. Henry F. Waters continues his inter- 
esting "Genealogical Gleanings in England." Notes and 
Queries, Proceedings of Historical Societies, Book Notices, 
Notes on Recent Publications, and the Record of Deaths, con- 
clude the contents of this number. 

The Dedham Historical Register for October, makes 
No. 4 of the first volume. It is composed of interesting ar- 
ticles, mostly relating to Dedham and vicinity. 

The New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record completes its twenty-first volume with the October 
number. It contains a "Sketch of Rev. Charles W. Baird, 
D. D.," with steel portrait; "Records of the Reformed 
Dutch Church in the City of New York" ; "Captain Alexan- 
der Forbes and His Descendants" ; "The Negro Plot of 
1712" ; "The Verdenburgh Family" ; "Two old New York 
Families" ; "Genealogical Data gathered from Albany and 
New York" ; "Pruyn Family" ; "Two Quebec Graves" ; 
"Memorial of New York Loyalists" ; Notes and Queries, and 
Book Notes. 

2loof Hotes. 

Cambridge: A Souvenir, 1630-1890. By F. Stanhope 
Hill, Tribune Office, Cambridge, Mass., 1890. 
This work contains sketches, historical, biographical and 
descriptive, of Cambridge, from 1630 to 1890, including the 
founding and progress of our great University. The articles 
are by Col. T. W. Higginson, Rev. A. P. Peabody, D. D., 
Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. I)., Professor Albert B. Hart, 
Professor B. V. Tweed, Rev. William Lawrence, Dean of 


the Episcopal Seminary ; Mr. Arthur Oilman, Secretary of 
the Harvard Annex for the higher education of Women ; 
Dr. Morrill Wyman, Miss Caroline F. Orne, Hon. Chester 
W. Kingsley and many other distinguished men and women 
of the University City. 

The engravings, by the beautiful half tone process, com- 
prise full page views of the new T Harvard Bridge, the build- 
ings of Harvard College, a portrait of President C. W. 
Eliot, and large cuts of the new Harvard gateway, many im- 
portant monuments in Mt. Auburn, several views of old Har- 
vard buildings from rare engravings by Paul Revere, repre- 
sentative Cambridge Schools and Churches, etc., etc., making 
more than 100 in all. 

The size of the pages is 20x15 inches, printed on finest 
laid paper from new type. 

This work should be in every library, and has already 
been ordered by many librarians. It has been highly com- 
mended by "The Nation" and many other critical journals. 

Published in heavy laid paper covers, illustrated, at 50 
cts. ; cloth^ gilt $1.25. Will be mailed free on receipt of 
price in cash or stamps. 

Economic and Social History of New England. 1620- 
1789. With an Appendix of Prices. By William B. 
Weeden. 2 vols, crown 8 vo., 11.50. 
Mr. Weedon of Providence, the well-known manufacturer 
and writer on economic subjects, has here produced a work 
of unusual value. It covers a new field of inquiry, one 
which now possesses a greater degree of interest than ever 
before for students of social and industrial questions. It is 
not a general history of New England, and touches its politi- 
cal history only as this affects or is affected by its social and 
economic interests. But the peculiar elements in the settle- 
ment, colonization and development of New England give a 
somewhat unique character to these interests. Mr. Weeden 
has studied this subject very thoroughly, and has such ;i mas- 
tery of the principles involved in it that these two volumes 


are of great value, and they are written with notable vigor 
of narration and in an admirable style. 

History of the American Episcopal Church, from 
the Planting of the Colonies to the End of the 
Civil War, By S. D. McConnell, D. D., rector of St. 
Stephen's church, Philadelphia. [New York : T. Whit- 

Our home history is a tale of great things growing out of 
small. Throughout colonial days the Church was fearfully 
handicapped by the lack of bishops. Other religious bodies 
had their apparatus and officers on the spot ; she was forced 
to cross the sea in the person of every minister, and to dis- 
pense altogether with Confirmation. In the North she was 
surrounded by a population hostile or indifferent ; in the 
South she was weighted by low standards and loosa living 
among too many of the clergy and laity. The somewhat in- 
glorious story of that period — its difficulties, its scandals, the 
efforts of wise and earnest men to procure the episcopate, 
always foiled by the supineness or false theories of those in 
power in England — all this is vividly told by Dr. McConnell, 
with no sparing of lights and shadows. 

After the Revolution the Church was largely discredited 
and almost extinct. Most of her clergy, as British sympa- 
thizers, had fled or been expelled, often with violence. In 
Pennsylvania Dr. White was left alone. In New York, 
Trinity church was burned down with its school and recto- 
ry. Bu1 what threatened her destruction delivered the 
Church from foreign entanglement; no longer the invest- 
ment of oppressive power and the object of patriotic sus- 
picion, she was five to reorganize on an independent and 
American basis. Seabury obtained the Scottish succession, 
While, Provost, and Madison the English ; presently these 
coalesced in consecrations on our own soil. The Prayer 
Bool* was revised to lit with republican conditions ; jeal- 
ousies were appeased, and the organization effected with a 
wisdom which deserves Long and grateful remembrance. 
The ideas which inspired the Federal Constitution and q-qv- 


erned the early years of the new nation were no less woven 
into the ecclesiastical fabric. However weak in numbers, 
the Church was firmly founded, and had in herself the prom- 
ise and potency of coming growth and abundant life. The 
promise has been in good degree fulfilled, the power measura- 
bly attained and exercised ; by devious paths, through 
strange and varied experiences, she has gone on lengthening 
her cords and strengthening her stakes. Her outward semb- 
lance and garniture have been amplified, some of her preva. 
lent ways are such as the fathers knew not ; but the essentials 
are no other than they were with White and Seabury, 
with Keith and Talbot, with the first chaplain at Jamestown. 
Those who think that Church history must perforce be 
dull, will receive a new impression from Dr. McCoDneH's 
volume. He applies the method of Macaulay and McMaster, 
and rivals the vigor and vivacity of their style. Nothing 
which can fitly enliven his pages is suppressed, whether it 
tends to edification or the reverse. He is a Churchman, but 
in no narrow sense. The errors, false policies, and failures 
of the past are frankly recorded. Nor does he scruple to go 
beneath the surface, and trace movements to their sources 
in ideas. There are paragraphs of brilliant analysis, and 
chapters as full of suggestion as of information. Some of 
his statements and estimates will be questioned, and a few 
dates (as 1771 for Bishop White's famous pamphlet) appear 
to need correction ; but he has used his materials with a 
master-hand, and produced the first popular and effective ac- 
count of his topic. The book dererves to be widely read and 
heartily admired. — The Churchman. 

Memorial Volume oe 250th Annivrrsary Celebra- 
tion of Sandwich and Bourne, Mass. Ambrose E. 
Pratt, Publisher, Sandwich, Mass. 

A limited edition of this work has been published. In 
brief, the book is printed in large, clear type, and contains 
the eloquent and scholarly oration of Rev. N. II. Chamber- 
lain, the proceedings in full of the Executive Committee, the 


address of welcome by Hon. diaries Dillingham, exercises at 
(he tent, the events of the day, and many interesting particu- 
lars of the celebration. Price in cloth, $1.00. 

A Gazetteer of the State of Massachusetts, with nu- 
merous Illustrations. By Rev. Elias Nason, M. A. 
Revised and enlarged by George J. Varney, Boston : 
1800. pp. 724. 

Mr. Nason, whose Gazetteer of Massachusetts has long 
been a standard work, died June 17, 1887. Mr. George J. 
Varney, author of a Gazetteer of Maine and of other histori- 
cal works, has revised the first edition (published in 1774j of 
Mr. Nason's Gazetteer. Mr. Varney found "on entering 
upon the work that, in the passage of time, the conditions in 
nearly every town had so changed, sometimes by a reduction 
of population and business, oftener by an increase, and fre- 
quently by change of industries, that the account of every 
town had to be rewritten.." This, of course, involved much 
labor, but Mr. Varney was equal to the task and has given 
us a work that must find its way into every public and pri- 
vate library. The book is well printed, and is illustrated 
w itli numerous engravings. 

Harvard Reminiscences. By A. P. Peabody, D. D., LL.D. 
Ticknor & Co., Boston. 

Prof. Peabody offers here 70 biographical sketches of the 
Harvard College officers whose names appeared with his in 
(lie several annual catalogues in which lie was registered as 
undergraduate, theological student and tutor. "Of some of 
these men," he says, "] have very little, of others much to 
say. Much of what 1 tell 1 saw and heard; the rest was de- 
rived from authentic sources of information." The sketches 
embrace 56 years of college life, from 1776 to 1831 (inclu- 
sive). The volume is completed by a chapter containing 
s " n "' "'' the author's reminiscences of Harvard College as it 
was during his novitiate as a student. 

English Colonies in America. By J. A; Doyle. Holt. 
Maps ; ca>h 8 VO., #3.50, 


The first volume of this important historical work was 
published in 1882. It related to Virginia, Maryland and the 
colonies, and though a distinct work in itself, it was the first 
instalment toward a complete history of the English colonies 
in North America during their period of dependence on the 
mother country. Mr. Doyle had expected only to give one 
volume to this portion of his subject, but the immense amount 
of material he found at hand necessitated several. The sub- 
jects of these volumes are: The Plymouth Pilgrims ; The 
settlement of Massachusetts ; Roger Williams and the Anti- 
monians ; The settlement of Connecticut and the Pequod 
war; The settlements south of Cape Cod and north of Mas- 
sachusetts ; New England Confederation ; The war with 
Philip, etc., etc. 

Dorothea Lynde Dix. A Biography. Houghton, Mifflin 

& Co., Boston. 

When, in the summer heat of 1887, all that was mortal of 
Dorothea Lynde Dix had been buried at Mount Auburn in the 
presence of a few devoted friends, one of the latter wrote to 
another in England, "Thus has died and been laid to rest in 
the most quiet, unostentatious way, the most useful and dis- 
tinguished woman America has yet produced." To the pres- 
ent generation, so filled with present matters, so ignorant 
even of the immediate past, this judgment will no doubt 
seem to be the product of biased enthusiasm, for to very 
many the name of Miss Dix and the history of her achieve- 
ments in behalf of the human race are little more than shad- 
ows. There is good reason to believe however, that the ver- 
dict of the future will substantially agree with that of the 
friend we have quoted. Certainly no American woman lias 
ever yet accomplished so much for the permanent relief of 
the afflicted, and if distinction is to rest on individual char- 
acter and not on the more ephemeral charms of brilliancy in 
conversation and personal beauty, then Miss Dix had indeed 
claims of eminence before which mere notoriety must fade. 
It was well that the story of the "Life of Dorothea Lynde 


Dix" should be given to the world, and after reading 
the book one is convinced that the task conld not have been 
entrusted to more competent or discreet hands than those of 
the Rev. Francis Tiffany. Miss Dix, we are told, had to al- 
most the very end of her long life of eighty-five years an in- 
vincible repugnance to anything in the nature of autobio- 
graphical reminiscences. "My reputation and my services," 
she wrote on one occasion, "belong to my country. My his- 
tory and my affections belong to my friends." T>y indefati- 
gable labor, however, and with the assistance of many who 
knew Miss Dix and revered her memory, Mr. Tiffany has suc- 
ceeded in putting together a detailed narrative of her early 
struggles and subsequent momentous career. He likens her? 
not unjustly, to St. Theresa. "Had she been born in 1515 in 
still mediaeval and imaginatively religious Spain, instead of 
in 1802 in rational, practical New England, then, just as in- 
evitably as in the case of St. Theresa, would she have founded 
great conventual establishments in a Malaga, Valladolid, To- 
ledo, Segonia and Salamanca, as she in reality did great asy- 
lums for the insane in a Baltimore, Raleigh, Columbia, Nash- 
ville, Lexington or Halifax. Equally, too, she would have 
rnh-d them as abbess. Precisely the same characteristics 
marked her — the same absolute religious consecration, the 
same heroic readiness to trample under foot the pain of ill- 
ness, loneliness and opposition, the same intellectual graspof 
svhal a great reformatory work demanded." Instead of les*- 
ends of the saints and tales of the supernatural, Miss Dix 
grew up in the warm, human, helpful creed of Channing, 
and from an early date she sought to manifest her faith by 
her works. When she undertook a reform in the methods of 
treating the insane, New England and the Southern States 
were blighted with a curse worse than that which now afflicts 
the unhappy subjects of the Tsar in Siberia. Maniacs were 
then subjected to outrages that would not now be visited 
"I"" 1 wild beasts. They were leased out to the custody of 
the lowest bidder, imprisoned in iron cages or noisome dun- 
geons, loaded with chains, deprived of adequate food and 


clothing, made the victims of systematic violence and abuse. 
Miss Dix, by personal visits, collected a store of unsavory 
facts, and flung them like so many bombshells before various 
State legislatures. The movement begun by her attained 
rapid success; comfortable and well-managed institutions for 
the care of the insane were established all over the Eastern 
part . of the country ; she extended her efforts to England 
and Italy, and Europe as well as America has reason to bless 
the memory of this noble woman who never spared herself 
in her epoch-making struggle for the cause to which she gave 
the best years of her life. No less noteworthy, though per- 
haps less successful owing to the conditions over which she 
had no control, were her deeds in behalf of the sick and 
wounded soldiers during the civil war. To the last she had 
the confidence and high esteem of Secretary Stanton, and 
the official recognition by the government of her services was 
as deserved as it was modestly received. It is not, however, 
so much in the sphere of achievement as in that of motive and 
ideal that the lesson of this beautiful life is to be sought. 
She was endowed by nature with exceptional energy and 
ambition, but her temperament was singularly sensitive and 
proud, and her childhood, as Mr. Tiffany tersely expresses it, 
was "bleak, humiliating and painful." Over all adverse ele- 
ments, including persistent physical weakness and suffering, 
her indomitable spirit rose supreme, and she conquered where 
many a more fortunately endowed but less heroic soul would 
have succumbed to the pressure of mere material circumstan- 
ces. Of this life so elevated in purpose, so rich in results, 
Mr. Tiffany has written circumspectly and forcibly. It is a 
book that ought to find many earnest readers, to whom it 
will be, even in the affairs of e very-day, commonplace exist- 
ence, a source of truly beneficent inspiration. — Boston Beacon. 

The Greenville Baptist Church in Leicester, Mas- 
sachusetts. By Rev. Thomas Green, M. D., First Pastor, 
1738-1888. Exercises on the 150th Anniversary of its 
Formation. 8 vo. pp. 126, pamphlet. Privately printed. 

"From the time when history first took up her pen she has 


been busy making records of events and deeds that distant 
generations may know of them and that their lessons may not 
be lost." This striking passage is from the sermon of Rev. 
Dr. Estes, on the anniversary of the founding of the Baptist 
( Ihurch in Leicester. Samuel S.Green, A. M., of Worcester, 
a descendant of the first pastor, made, on the occasion, a beau- 
tiful and appropriate address, unveiling and presenting a 
handsome memorial tablet, which had been placed on the 
wall at the right of the pulpit, in memory of the Rev. Dr. 
Green, in the name of and as the gift of his great-grandson, 
Hon. Andrew H. Green, of New York City, adding at the 
close of his remarks, u VVe all think more of a man who, to 
other qualities, adds affection for the town in which he was 
born or lives, and interest in the place which wa.° the home of 
his ancestors, and in his ancestors themselves." Dr. Estes 
in liis discourse gave a succinct history of the town, and 
Hon. Andrew II. Green, Rev. Leighton Williams of New 
York, Rev. Samuel May of Leicester, and others addressed 
the assemblage, contributing much information of interest in 
[■elation to the first pastor and his descendants. The work as 
printed embodies all these addresses, with numerous foot- 
notes, revealing the fact that much painstaking care has been 
exercised in the verification of references, rendering the 
publication a valuable contribution to historic literature.- — 
Magazine of American History. 

Southern Historical Society Papers. Vol. XVII. 
| Sec Monument Memorial Volume.] Edited by R. A. 
Brock. 8vo. pp. 441. Published by the Society. Rich- 
mond, Virginia, L889. 

I lie able papers presented in this veil-printed volume are 
<>f greal interest and of unspeakable value to students and. 
scholars. Nearly half its pages are devoted to Robert E. Lee, 
whose public career forms one of the most impressive chap- 
ters in h ii in in liisti >r\ . 

English Records. 

MR. J. HENRY LEA, of Fairhaven, Mass., now engaged in Genea- 
logical Investigations in England, would be pleased to undertake 
searches for 


in the Probate Courts, Public Record Office, Parish Registers, &c, on 
Very Moderate Terms. Address 


London, E. C, England. 

DAP7 MTTMRtfRQ harper's century, and 

D/iUiY IN U IVIJJLjIAO SCRIBNER'S, 10 cents each. 

Magazine of American History, US; T'iSi 

* per number, $2.40 per year, postpaid. Other Magazines 

equally low. 

34 Park Row, New York City. 

Suffolk and Middlesex Co. Mass. Records. 

THE UNDERSIGNED being well acquainted with the records of Suf- 
folk and Middlesex Co., Mass., offers to make researches for family 
History and Genealogy on low terms. 


418 Broadway, Boston, Mass. 



Largest list ever published of Engravings on steel (over 300 
are military portraits), suitable for illustrators and 
collectors of Americana, please send for cata- 
logue to 
J. C. BUTTRE, 32 Cortlandt St., New York. 

Autograph Letters 

Distinguished People 




28 West 23d St., N. Y. City, 



A monthly bulletin for Autograph Collectors. Send for sample copy. 

"Historical Sketches^ Lawrence Family" 


WITH Seven Heliotypes of Old Portraits and Buildings. Neatly 
bound, ami printed on extra thick antique paper. 8 vo. 215 pages. 
Printed by Rand Avery Company, Boston. 1888. 

Copies of this book are for sale and will be sent post-paid on receipt of 

the price, $2.00, by 


Old Corner Booh SI ore, 283 Washington St . , Boston, {Mass. 

I fr ' See \. E. 1 1 ist. (Jon. Register for Oct. 1888, for a description of this work. 

Rhode Island Historical and Genealogical Research. 

The undersigned having devoted the past ten years to the study of the 
History or Rhode Island, particularly Newport County (Portsmouth, 
Newport, Jamestown, New Shoreham, Middletown, Tiverton and Little 
Compton), and having made copies of many ancient records relating to 
Newport and the adjacent towns, oilers his services, on moderate terms, 
'" Editors, Publishers, Lawyers, and others wishing matter relative to 
ihe History, Biography, and Genealogy of Rhode Island and Providence 

Particular attention paid to researches in any part of the State. 

i:. H. TILLEF, 

Librarian Historical Society, 

Newport, R. I. 

Some Rare New England Literature. 

We have in hand some rare back numbers of the New England Mag- 
azine- that may be had at a bargain. 

They are linely illustrated with the best of steel engravings ot promi- 
nent persons and other excellent illustrations of a variety of subjects, 
containing a large amount of matter exceedingly valuable to a public or 
private library. • • 

Tin se numbers may be had singly, in uniform binding, or in complete 
volumes without binding, to suit the purchaser. 

This affords an unusual opportunity for enriching your collection of 
New England literature. Among the subjects profusely illustrated may 
be mentioned various cities, including Worcester, Lynn, and Lowell; 
also the Christian^Associations of the various sects, a history of religious 
denominations, biographies of the governors of Massachusetts' and other 
distinguished citizens, together with mountain and lake scenery and a 
great variety of articles from our best authors. 

We solicit correspondence from persons interested, and recommend 
haste, for our supply is limited, and another opportunity of this kind is 
not likely to present itself. 




historical d Genealogical Register, 

Desigued to gather up and place in a permanent form the 
scattered and decayed records of the 

Domes tic, Civil, Literary , Religious and Political Life 
of the People of the United States, and par- 
ticularly of New England, 

Is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical So 
ty, of Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and Oct.- 


Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on 
steel. • • 

Address JOHN WARD DEAN, Editor, 

.18 Somerset St., F.ustun, M 



President. Tkeas. axd Maxagei 



No. 200 Derby Street, .... Salem, Mass. 

¥E offer exceptional opportunities to ' Genealogists and 
others for the printing or publishing of their works. 

No other house does Genealogical and Scientific work 
Mjiiiil to ours. 


Jlatam JPrsss 1| tslorital aufc (isnealoigtta 

Devoted to the interests of 

Published Quarterly, . . , $1.50 per anrparr? 

i Copy. 

lal opportunities for the searching